79 hechos interesantes sobre Espana
Terms in this set (87)
Iberians, Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, Visigoths, Celts, Basques and Moors
Many different groups of people that have settled in Spain throughout history.
Invented about 1,.400 years ago in Spain.
400 million people
How many people speak Spanish in the world.
35 million people
How many people speak Spanish in the US.
The Spanish language
The most enduring contribution of Spain to the world, imported with the expansion of the Spanish Empire in the 16th century.
A significant barrier in the north of Spain
The distance between Spain and Morocco
Antonio Banderas, Penelope Cruz, Rafael Nadal
Current Spanish celebreties
Picasso, Dali, el Greco, Goya, Velasquez
Famous Spanish artists
Built in the 1st century AD to supply water to the city.
What the Phoenicians called Spain in the 8th century. Means "hidden land."
The official language of Spain
Amount of Spaniards who speak Castilian.
Catalan, Galician, Basque
Some languages spoken in Spain.
Tomas de Torquemada
The first Grand Inquisitor of the Spanish Inquisition.
Horror, Bigotry, and Fanaticism
A description of what the Spanish Inquisition was like.
Someone who converted to Christianity from Judaism or Islam.
The Spanish Inquisition
When the Christians made all non-Christians leave Spain or convert to Christianity. People were tortured and killed.
Unique plant species in Spain
The Ice Age
Spain mostly escaped it.
Kingdom of Spain
Spain's official name.
Spanish double agent who received an Iron Cross from both British and Germans.
A Spanish monkey without a tail. The only wild monkey that lives in Europe.
The length of the rule of the Moors in Spain.
A device to measure the position of the stars and planets, introduced by the Moors.
The heart of the Moorish territory.
Spanish war hero who was a mercenary and fought on both sides of the war.
The only country larger than Spain in Western Europe.
The only other country in Europe that is more mountainous than Spain.
The Dragon Tree
Lives on the Canary Islands and produces a fruit with thick, red liquid.
Gave permission to King Ferdinand V to begin the Spanish Inquisition. 5,000 people were executed.
Isabel & Ferdinand paid for Colombus' journey
The reason Spain became one of the richest countries in the world at the time.
Where Colombus first landed in the Americas
Where Colombus was hoping to find a new route to.
Significant defeat for Spain
Sinking of the Spanish Armada, which was headed for Great Britain.
Sinking of the Spanish Armada
Beginning of the end of Spain's global power
Percent of the world's olive oil that is produced in Spain.
Number of autonomous regions that Spain is divided into.
Canary & Balearic
A faint red dot
The oldest evidence of human art, from over 40,000 years ago. Found in cave of El Castillo.
Size of Spain, in comparison to other European countries.
Seat of the Muslim rulers from the 13th century. One of Spain's architectural masterpieces.
51 billion dollars
Amount of money tourists spent in Spain in 2006
A Christian of Moorish ancestry (likely converted during Inquisition)
Great warriors, the only people in Spain who never totally came under control of the Romans.
The first Spanish University
Founded by the Muslims in Valencia in 1209.
More than doubled
Number of students enrolled in Spain's universities from 1982 to 2001.
Words beginning with -al (algebra, alcohol)
Spanish words derived from Arabic
Spain's place in WWI & WWII.
Years of the Spanish civil war, which killed over 500,000 Spaniards.
When Christians battled to take Spain back from the Moors.
General Francisco Franco
Spain's brutal dictator for most of the 20th century.
After Franco's death
When Spain began transforming into a modern, industrial, and democratic European nation.
The dry Meseta region in Spain
Where most of the world's cork comes from.
Size of Spain
Slightly more than twice the size of Oregon.
Means each of Spain's regions manage their own schools, hospitals, and other public services.
Christians and Jews were considered to be this during the rule of the Moors, meaning they could practice their own religions, but had to pay a special tax.
A small mouse who delivers surprises under pillows when a child loses a tooth.
These are legal in Spain
Public nudity, prostitution, and same-sex marriage.
A painting by Picasso, depicting the horrors of the civil war.
1st Spanish actor to win an Oscar
Were brought to the Americas after they had become extinct here long ago.
This is not common, especially for cheap dinners.
Spain's national sport.
"Place of many streams"
The meaning of the Arabic word, "magerit" and what Madrid was named after.
The country's best known work of fiction, by Miguel de Cervantes.
Running of the Bulls
A Spanish festival occurring on St. Fermin's Day in July in the northern town of Pamplona. Participants display their "bravado" and "machismo."
The most popular type of music from Spain, originating from the Moors, and influenced heavily by Gypsy culture.
The world's biggest food fight. A festival where 150,000 tomatoes are thrown.
Wet & Dry
Spain has a huge contrast in rainfall between the northwest and its arid areas.
Spain has some of the largest deposits in Europe.
Granite & Marble
Spain is one of the world's largest providers of these two materials.
Sustainable forms of energy
Spain is one of the most advanced countries in Europe in developing wind farms. It also is investing heavily in solar energy.
The Rio Tinto
5,000 years of mining have made this river so polluted. It contains little to no life.
Since 2000, it has had the lowest of any country in the world.
Believed to have originated in India in the 15th century. There are over 500,000 currently living in Spain, with nearly half in the south.
Wiggling fingers from the nose
A crude gesture
The only EU country that has less marriages than Spain.
Around for thousands of years, the "corrido" is considered by some to be a contest of art and skill, and to others, a cruel sport.
Spain has the lowest in Europe
Up until 1977, had been the official religion for almost 500 years.
Women keep these after marriage.
The Catholic Kings
Ferdinand & Isabella
The year the Moors conquered Spain
Fall of the last Moorish stronghold
Name of the peninsula Spain shares with Portugal
Country directly north of Spain