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Chapter 5 Diseases and Disorders of the Eye and Ear
Terms in this set (52)
Diagnostic findings for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
the sensation of the room spinning and lack of coordination.
Infection or inflammation in the semicircular canals is called
Symptoms of neoplasms of the ear commonly
progressive hearing loss and discharge from the ear.
a visible mass or lesion.
Ankylosing of the stapes is called
Insertion of a myringotomy (tympanostomy) tube as a treatment for otitis media
Cause of sensorineural deafness, also referred to as occupational hearing loss
the aging process.
the side effects of certain medication
Placement of sharp objects into the ear canal, an explosion, a severe middle ear infection can
a ruptured tympanic membrane
Chronic disease of the inner ear marked by a recurring syndrome of vertigo, tinnitus, progressive hearing loss, and a sensation of pressure in the ear
Ototoxicity caused by drugs or chemicals affects the _____ cranial nerve
Wet form of macular degeneration is described
a serious form that can result in damage to the retina, resulting in loss of central vision
Adult-onset macular degeneration
Early evidence of AMD, such as tiny drusen, can be seen during a routine eye examination by an ophthalmologist.
Patients with AMD may report seeing wavy lines when looking at lines that are straight.
With progression of AMD, reading and activities requiring sharp vision become impossible.
Major cause of blindness in the United States
Vision impairment as a result of old age and the loss of elasticity
Vision impairment as a result of old age and the loss of elasticity in the lens
Early symptoms of retinal detachment consist of
new floaters and light flashes
Macular degeneration is
caused by progressive deterioration in the macula of the retina.
usually related to aging
Chronic open-angle glaucoma
It is the most treatable cause of blindness
Conjunctivitis can be caused by
infection, irritation, allergies, or chemicals
Inflammatory infections of the hair follicles of the eyelid called hordeolum (styes) are caused by
Treatment of refractive errors of the eye
It necessitates a complete neurologic evaluation when acquired
Hyperopia, myopia, and presbyopia are refractive errors that result when the
eye is unable to focus light effectively
Inflammation of the thin, transparent membrane covering the visible portion of the sclera and lining the inside of the eyelids results in
The sensor receptive cells in the retina that function best in dim light and enable night vision are the
A defect in the _____ results in difficulty in visual detection of color and fine detail
Blepharitis is defined as
inflammation of the margins of the eyelids involving hair follicles and glands
Drug therapy used in the treatment of mastoiditis
antibiotic or sulfonamide therapy
Treatment of swimmer's ear
thoroughly cleaning and drying the ear after swimming
Causes of ruptured tympanic membrane are
blow to the ear.
Labyrinthitis is an inflammation of the
Treatment of BPPV includes
antihistamines, anticholinergics, and benzodiazepines
The only treatment that cures otosclerosis
is a surgical procedure called stapedectomy.
Diabetic retinopathy occurs most often in those with diabetes
who do not control their blood glucose levels.
Lightning strikes may
cause a ruptured tympanic membrane.
Benign tumors of the ears
include acoustic neuromas
Sensorineural hearing loss
has noticeable onset
Audiograms are used
to diagnose otosclerosis.
The labyrinth is responsible
for maintaining balance
can cause ototoxicity.
restore normal hearing
The ear's only function is not
only for hearing
A cholesteatoma and mastoiditis
can both be the result of a neglected otitis media
The major risk with having a ruptured eardrum
is not from an infection in the inner ear
The most common tumor of the eye
is cancer that has metastasized to the eye
Infants and young children should be evaluated for leukokoria and strabismus
at well child exams and referred urgently to an ophthalmologist if noted.
can't be ectropion or entropion.
The internal lens of the eye is elastic and, therefore
can focus images both near and far
Symptoms of corneal abrasion or ulcer include
pain, redness, tearing, and sometimes visual impairment.
Chronic open-end glaucoma results from a malfunction of the drainage system
which causes IOP to be raised.
Sensorineural hearing loss that is caused by
damage to the cochlea is irreversible; therefore, prevention is essential.
Serous otitis media
may be either acute or chronic
Middle ear is
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