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70 terms

Humanities Chapter 1-3

STUDY
PLAY
Which of the following is NOT a location of a cave in which ancient paintings have been discovered?
Pitlochry, Schotland
Which of the following cave paintings depict a human figure wearing a bird's-head mask?
Lascaux, France
Which of the following types of carving creates an object that is fully three-dimensional, occupying 360 degrees of space?
sculpture in the round
Which of the following types of carving involves creating an image that is incised into the surface?
sunken relief
In which of the following nations was the Willendorf Venus discovered?
Austria
Which feature on the Willendorf Venus was NOT carved, but instead was a natural indentation in the stone?
the navel
In which of the following nations did archeologists discover a village with houses constructed of mammoth bone and dating from 10,000 years BCE?
Ukraine
In which of the following regions did an agricultural society LAST develop?
England
In which of the following nations is the Neolithic era known as the Jomon era, referring to the "cord markings" that potters used a decoration?
Japan
Which of the following nations is mentioned as a source for painted pottery that featured high stylized animals, including the ibex?
Iran
Which of following terms refers to one of the "big stones" used in the construction of a site such as Stonehenge?
megalith
Which of the following terms refers to a stone structure consisting of two posts roofed with a capstone, covered with earth, and used as burial chamber?
cairn
Which of the following terms refers to the category of megalithic structure that includes Stonehenge?
cromlech
Which of the following ancient cultures lived in cliff dwellings and considered the kiva, a partly underground ceremonial enclosure with a hole in the floor that symbolizes the emergence of the people from the underworld?
the Anasazi
Which of the following terms refers to what the Zuni Pueblo people consider deified spirits who manifest themselves in performances and dances?
kachinas
Which of the following ancient cultures inhabited an area on the southern coast of the Gulf of Mexico, built cities on great earthen platforms, and erected giant pyramidal mounds?
the Olmec
Which of the following ancient cultures inhabited an area that included the Mississippi River basin and built enormous ceremonial centers that included large-scale embankments and burial mounds?
the Woodlands peoples
In which of the following US states can you visit the Great Serpent Mound built by the Woodlands peoples associated with the Hopewell culture?
Ohio
Which of the following rivers is associated with ancient India?
the Indus
Which of the following rivers is associated with ancient China?
the Yellow
The Baule mask carvers are from a culture found on which of the following continents?
Africa
On which of the following continents did the Anasazi build their cliff dwellings?
North America
Which of the following terms refers to what many modern architects and engineers would label as post-and-linter construction?
trilithon
Which of the following rivers is associated with ancient Mesopotania?
the Tigris
Which of the following rivers is associated with ancient Egypt?
the Nile
Which of the following pairs of metals combine to form bronze?
copper and tin
When the Hittites invaded Mesopotamia. on which of the following innovative means of warfare did they depend?
the horse-drawn chariot
Which of the following was the resident god at Ur?
Sin, the god of the moon
Which of the following was the akkadian sun god?
Shamash
Among the following residents of Mesopotamia, which was the only monotheistic group?
the Hebrews
Which of the following pairs correctly identifies the subjects illustrated in the two main panels of the rectangular box known as the Standard of Ur?
"War" and "Peace"
Which of the following terms refers to the pictorial convention in which the most important figures are represented in a larger size than the others?
hierarchy of scale
Which of the following terms was essential to successfully creating cuneiform writing?
a triangle-tipped stylus
Which of the following leaders guided the Akkadians to conquer virtually all other cities in Mesopotamia and named himself "King of the Four Quarters of the World?"
Sargon
Which of the following is considered the first existing monumental work made through the lost-wax casting technique?
the Head of an Akkadian Man
In cuneiform, which of the following symbolizes a god?
a star
Who is considered responsible for having introduced the principle of talion to Mesopotamian culture?
Hammurabi
In the lost-wax casting process, which of the following items is NOT included?
porcelain
Which of the following is an accurate statement about ancient Assyrian artists' works?
They NEVER hide the face of an archer
Which of the following is NOT included in the stone monument that is part of the massive gateway which greeted visitors to the Khorsabad palace of Sargon II?
lion
According to the Epic of Gilgamesh, who among the following is the only mortal known to have attained eternal life?
Utanapishtim
Which book of the Hebrew Bible records the story of the creation of the world and the story of Noah?
Genesis
Which book of the Hebrew Bible records the story of Moses and his people as they depart from Egypt?
Exodus
Who among the following is the son of King David and also built the magnificent temple in Jerusalem?
Solomon
Which of the following armies captured Jerusalem, destroyed its temple, and deported many of the Hebrews?
the Babylonians
Which of the following terms refers to a religion that includes many gods (and goddess) often associated with natural forces and realms?
polytheism
In ancient Egyptian religion, which of the following ruled the underworld and was god of the dead?
Osiris
In ancient Egyptians religion, which of the following was the child of Osiris and Isis?
Horus
Which of the following ancient Egyptian leaders ruled circa 3,000 BCE and is credited with unifying both Upper and Lower Egypt?
Narmer
In ancient Egyptian religion, which of the following was comparable to an enduring "soul" or "life force," a concept shared by many other religions?
ka
Who among the following is recognized as Djoser's chief architect and designer of the Stepped Pyramid at Saqqara?
Imhotep
Among the three great pyramids at Giza, whose pyramid is the largest and was constructed first?
Khufu
Which of the following was the primary material used to construct the polished sheath that covered each of the great pyramids at Giza?
limestone
Which of the following languages is NOT among those present on the Rosetta Stone?
Hebrew
Which of the following terms refers to an ornamental and symbolic frame reserved for the names of rulers, present on the Rosetta Stone, and of key important ace in unlocking its code?
cartouche
Which of the following animals is depicted in the Great Sphinx at Giza and supports the head of a king wearing the royal head cloth?
lion
Which of the following stone materials is NOT among those selected to create funerary images in ancient Egypt?
sandstone
Which of the following "foreigners" are credited with having introduced the horse-drawn chariot to the ancient Egyptian cultures?
the Hyksos
In ancient Egypt, which of the following materials was of key importance in the mummification process, primarily because it absorbed the body's fluids?
natron
During the mummification process, many of the body's inner organs were removed dried, coated in resin, and, in some cases, each was placed in its own container. By what name is this container known?
canopic jar
Which of the following terms is derived from an Egyptian term meaning "great house" or the palace of the king?
pharoad
Which of the following cities is the site of The Great Temple of Amun, the largest temple constructed in ancient Egypt?
Karnak
Which of the following ancient Egyptian kings ruled for 65 years-longer than any other Egyptian king?
Ramses II
Which of the following is NOT among the changes imposed by Amenhotep IV because king?
He limited the priesthood to only twelve members
By what name do we know the new style of art that developed during the rule of Amenhotep IV/Akhenaten
the Amarna style
In whose Amarna workshop was the famous bust of Queen Nefertiti discovered, along with drawings and sculptures of the royal family?
Thutmose
Which of the following is NOT among Tutankhamun's accomplishments?
He ruled Egypt for 65 years
Which of the following would you NOT encounter if you traveled the entire length of ancient Babylon's Processional Way?
the Temple of Solomon
If the deceased person's heart did not balance with the ostrich feather in the ancient Egyptian "last judgement," the dead person was condemned to nonexistence and to be eaten by Ammit. Which of the following animals is NOT part of this vile, "Eater of the Dead?"
hawk
Prior to its being conquered by Roman forces in 30 BCE, which of the following foreigners did NOT rule Egypt?
the Vikings