186 terms

Medical T

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

-algia
pain, suffering
dys
bad, difficult, or pain
-ectomy
surgical removal, cutting out
hyper-
excessive, increased
hypo-
deficient, decreased
-itis
inflammation
-osis
abnormal condition, disease
-ostomy
the surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface
-otomy
cutting, surgical incision
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhage
bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discgarge
-rrhaphy
surgical suturing
-rrhea
flow or discharge
-rrhexis
rupture
-sclerosis
abnormal hardening
Which word part means abnormal softening?
-malacia
A word part meaning large, abnormal size, or long
macro-
The abnormal narrowing of an artery or arteries is know as
arteriostenosis
Which term means surgical repair of a nerve?
neuroplasty
is any condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in body tissues or organs
Melanosis
means an organ or body part that is not working properly
Dysfunctional
The part of term which contains the basic meaning of the term is the
word root
In the term otorhinolaryngology, whichword part means ear?
ot/o
This word part means right side
dextr/o
The word part__-refers to the renal pelvis, which is part of the kidney
pyel/o
this term is an adjective that means pertaining to the heart
cardiac
which combining form means white?
leuk/o
Which term describes the time and events surrounding birth?
perinatal
the medical term for surgical repairs of an muscle is
myoplasty
the suffix___means the process of producing a picture or record
-graphy
Inflammation of the appendix is know as
appendicitis
which combining form means nerve?
neur/o
The resulting film created by angiography is know as an
angiogram
A word part meaning a surgical puncture to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes
-centesis
This medical term means a surgical incision for the removal of stone
lithotomy
aden/o
gland
adip/o
fat
anter/o
before, front
caud/o
lower part of body, tail
cephal/o
head
cyt/o, -cyte
cell
end-, endo-
in,within, inside
exo-
out of, outside, away from
hist/o
tissue
-ologist
specialist
-ology
the science or study of
path/o, -pathy
disease, suffering, feeling emotion
plas/i, plas/o, -plasia
development, growth, formation
poster/o
behind, toward the back
-stasis, -static
control, maintenance of a constant level
which term means any abnormal condition of a gland?
adenosis
A structure that is located below the transverse plane is said to be
inferior
The humerus is the bone of the upper arm. Which end of this bone is nearest the Medline?
proximal end
Which term means the study of the structure, composition, and function of tissues?
histology
Which type of specialized EPITHELIAL TISSUE LINES THE BLOOD ANY LYMPH VESSELS?
Endothelium
which type of disorder is fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)?
congenital disorder
Which term refers to the back of the body or an organ?
dorsal
The hypochondriac regions are covered by the lower ribs?
True
Which glands pour their secretions directly into the bloodstream?
endocrine glands
Which term describes an abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in normal arrangement in a tissue?
hyperplasia
cell
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism (body)
The study of anatomy, physiology, pathology, and chemistry of the cell is know as_____.
cytology
A______ specializes in the study of the organization of tissues at all levels
histologist
Diseases such as the flu are spread through contact with contaminated respiratory droplets in ______ transmission
airborne
The____ is the outer layer of the peritoneum that lines the interior of the abdominal wall
parietal peritoneum
means uppermost, above, or toward the head
Superior
the term___ describes the congenital absence of a normal body opening
atresia
When a ___is inherited from either parent,the offspring will inherit the genetic characteristic
dominant gene
A physician who specializes in the general medical care of hospitalized patients is known as a/an
hospitalist
A/an___ is a somewhat independent part of the body that performs a function
organ
Tissues that from glands and a protective covering for all body surfaces are called
epithelial
is a generic variation associated with characteristic facial appearance, learning disabilities, and physical abnormalities such
down syndrome
This type of disease is also known as a contagious disease
communicable disease
This plane is also know as the coronal plane
frontal plane
tissues has the specialized ability to contract and relax
muscle
These type of cells are found among differentiated cells in a tissue or organ
adult steam cells
This cavity is also know as the chest cavity
thoracic
This type of condition is also know as a birth defect
developmental disorder
This condition is genetic disorder that causes nerve degeneration with symptoms that most often appear in midlife
Huntington's disease
A specialist in the study of outbreaks of disease within a population group is know as a/an
epidemiologist
oss/e, oss/i, oste/o, osto/o
bones
myel/o
bone marrow, red bone marrow
chondr/o
cartilage
arthr/o
joints
ligament/o
ligaments
synovi/o, synov/o
synovial membrane
synovi/0, synov/o
synovial fluid
burs/o
Bursa
ankyl/o
crooked, bent, stiff
chondr/i, chondr/o
cartilage
cost/o
rib
crani/o
skull
-desis
to bind, tie together
kyph/o
bent, hump
lord/o
curve, swayback, bent
-lysis
loosening or setting free
myel/o
spinal cord, bone marrow
scoli/o
curve, bent
spondyl/o
vertebrae, vertebral column, backbone
Which term means relating to the formation of blood cells?
hemopoietic
An autologous transplant uses bone marrow harvested from the patient
TRUE
Which term means the dislocation or displacement of bone from its joint?
luxation
which term means abnormal softening of cartilage?
chondromalacia
which structure forms the lower portion of the sternum?
xiphoid process
Which term means a surgical procedure performed to stiffen a joint or to join spinal vertebrae?
arthrodesis
Which structure connects bones to bones
ligaments
The sternum is also known as the collarbone
False, is know as Breastbone
Which term means an abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the spine?
kyphosis
Which term describes stiffness in the joints, particularly in the elderly ?
arthrosclerosis
the lower part of the sternum is called the
xiphoid process
is stiffness of the joints, specially in older adults
arthrosclerosis
which procedure is the surgical repair of cartilage?
chondroplasty
which diagnostic technique is most commonly used to visualize a bone fracture?
radiograph (x-ray)
is a relatively rare malignant tumor that originates in a bone
Primary bone cancer
Which bone is known as the kneecap?
patella
Which bone tissue functions as a fat-storage area and is located in the medullary cavity?
yellow bone marrow
The opening in a bone, trough which the blood vessels,nerves, and ligaments pass, is know as a
foramen
the surgical removal of a portion of the skull is known as
...
a transplant using healthy bone marrow cells from a compatible donor is a/an
allogenic bone marrow transplant
An inflammation of the synovial membrane is know as
synovitis
This term means the surgical removal of bone
ostectomy
the medical term is also know as clubfoot
talipes
the medical term for the large bone in the lower leg, also know as the skin bone, is
tibia
This type of fracture is also known as a simple or complete fracture
closed
which term describes the surgical repair or replacement of a damaged joint?
arthroplasty
smooth, rubbery connective tissue that makes up the tip of the nose is called
cartilage
which is the only movable bone of the skull?
mandible
a___ fracture occurs when a person tries to stop a fall by landing on his or her hands
Colles'
the attempted realignment of a bone involved in a fracture or joint dislocation is know as
closed reduction
muscul/0, my/o, myos/o
muscle
fasci/o
Fascia, fibrous band
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o
tendons
bi-
twice, double,two
-cele
hernia, tumor, swelling
dys-
bad, difficult, or paintful
fabr/o
fibrous tissue, fiber
-ia
abnormal condition, disease, plural of -ium
-ic
pertaining to
kines/o, kinesi/o
movement
my/o
mu
-plegia
paralysis, stroke
-rrhexis
rupture
tax/o
coordination, order
ton/o
tone, streching, tension
tri-
three
Which condition is commonly know as hiccups?
singultus
Which term describes the movement of the arm toward the body?
adduction
which term describes the rupture of a muscle?
myorrhexis
Which term means weakness or slight paralysis of a muscle?
myoparesis
Which procedure is the surgical repair of a muscle?
myoplasty
A ganglion cyst occurs when the wrist is chronically overused and becomes inflamed and swollen
False, is harmless fluid-filled swelling that occurs most commonly on the outer surface of the wrist.
What is the meaning of the suffix -PARESIS?
partial paralysis
Sarcopenia is the age-related reduction in skeletal muscle mass in the elderly
true
Which term means difficulty in controlling voluntary movement?
dystaxia
Myofascial damage is caused by overworking the muscles
true
card/o, cardi/o
heart
angi/o, vas/o
blood vessels
arteri/o
arteries
capill/o
capillaries
veins
phleb/o, ven/o
blood
hem/o, hemat/o
angi/o
Blood or lymph vessel
aort/o
aorta
arteri/o
artery
ather/o
plaque, fatty substances
brady-
slow
cardi/o
heart
-crasia
a mixture or blending
-emia
blood, blood condition
erythr/o
red
hem/o, hemat/o
blood, relating to the blood
leuk/o
white
phleb/o
vein
tarchy-
fast, rapid
throm/o
clot
ven/o
vein
Which condition is an inflammation of the tissue surrounding the heart?
pericarditis
Which term describes a foreign object circulating in the blood?
embolus
idiopathic hypertension is also known as malignant hypertension
true
Which condition is the tissue death of the walls of blood vessels?
arterionecrosis
Which condition is the narrowing of a blood vessel?
angiostenosis
Which condition is a deficiency of blood passing through an organ or a body part?
hypoperfunsion
Which blood disorder is marked by an absence of all formed blood elements?
aplastic anemia
Plasmapheresis is the removal of whole blood from the body, separation of its cellular elements and reinfusion of elements suspended in saline or plasma substitute *
TRUE
Which fatty substance travels in the blood in packets called lipoproteins?
cholesterol
Which tissue forms the inner layer of the heart?
endocarduim