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Absolutism, Scientific Revolution, Enlightenment
Terms in this set (41)
King Philip II
Known as the "Most Catholic King", supported militant Catholicism, and led Spain into an age of greatness.
Queen Elizabeth I
Known as the Virgin Queen, became the leader of the Protestant nations, and defeated the Spanish armada.
French Protestants influenced by Calvinism were known as..............
The Thirty Years War
Religious disputes between Catholics and Protestants in Germany led to a war fought between 1618 to 1648. This war was known as........
Peace of Westphalia
Treaty signed that officially ended the Thirty Years War in Europe (and all other religious conflicts at the time).
A ruler holds total power over a country and the people.
Divine Right of Kings
The idea that kings and queens were given the right to rule over their country and/or subjects.
First "Czar" of Russia, expanded Russian influence and territory, and is known historically as "The Terrible" due to his many acts of violence.
Established a dynasty in Russia that would last until 1917.
Peter the Great
Made Russia into a great European power and modernized/Westernized Russia.
Term used to describe the Spanish fleet (series of warships)
After the death of Queen Elizabeth I, a new dynasty was created known as the ________________ dynasty.
The English Civil War
The struggle between King Charles I and Parliament to govern England result in...............
Supporters and soldiers of King Charles I during the English Civil War were known as..........
Supporters and soldiers of Parliament during the English Civil War were known as..........
Successful military leader of the Roundheads during the English Civil War
King Charles I
Only English king to be beheaded.
English Bill of Rights
Document created during the Glorious Revolution that ensured the superiority of Parliament over the monarchy in England.
The Glorious Revolution
The overthrow of King James II and the established reign of his daughter Mary and husband William of Orange.
The belief that the universe consists of ten concentric spheres and the Earth is the center of the universe.
Author of the Starry Messenger who faced the Inquisition because their teachings contradicted the teachings of the Church and the
Sir Isaac Newton
Considered the greatest genius of the Scientific Revolution due to his introduction of Universal Law of Gravitation.
Systematic approach for collecting and analyzing evidence developed by Francis Bacon.
Author of On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres and developer of the heliocentric system theory.
Discovered the law of planetary motion (planets move in elliptical orbits).
King Louis XIV
Absolute monarch known as the "Sun King," built the Palace of Versailles.
Prussian astronomer and mathematician, first woman to discover a comet.
Enlightened thinkers were known as.........
Author of "Essay Concerning Human Understanding" and promoter of natural rights & law.
Author of "Leviathan", which advocated that humans are naturally selfish & therefore can not be trusted.
Author of "The Social Contract", which advocated true freedom is achieved and protected with a system of laws based on the "general will"
Thinkers that focused on the economy / economic reform during the Enlightenment were known as.........
Author of "The Wealth of Nations", which advocated for free markets and trade (capitalism)
Informal social gatherings where writers, artists, philosophers, & ordinary people exchange ideas.
Absolute rulers who used their power to bring about political and social change due to the Enlightenment.
Seven Years War
First global war fought from 1756 to 1763.
France & Great Britain
Main two European powers fighting during the Seven Years War.
A group that investigated actions against the Church.
A person who goes against the teachings of the church.
Came up with the idea of Separation of Powers in Spirit of the Laws.
A philosophical, intellectual and cultural movement of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
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