Strayer Chapter 17
Terms in this set (15)
Military strongmen who seized control of a government in nineteenth-century Latin America. (pron. kow-DEE-yohs)
lower middle class
Social stratum that developed in Britain in the nineteenth century and that consisted of people employed in the service sector as clerks, salespeople, secretaries, police officers, and the like; by 1900, this group comprised about 20 percent of Britain's population.
Indian cotton textiles
For much of the eighteenth century, well-made and inexpensive cotton textiles from India flooded western markets; the competition stimulated the British textile industry to industrialize, which led to the eventual destruction of the Indian textile market both in Europe and in India.
The most influential proponent of socialism, Marx (1818-1883) was a German expatriate in England who advocated working-class revolution as the key to creating an ideal communist future.
British working-class political party established in the 1890s and dedicated to reforms and a peaceful transition to socialism, in time providing a viable alternative to the revolutionary emphasis of Marxism
Long and bloody war (1911-1920) in which Mexican reformers from the middle class joined with workers and peasants to overthrow the dictator Porfirio Díaz and create a new, much more democratic political order.
Term used to describe Latin America's economic growth in the nineteenth century, which was largely financed by foreign capital and dependent on European and North American prosperity and decisions.
Skilled artisans who banded together between 1811 and 1813 to protest against the machines that threatened the jobs and livelihood of workers in the woolen and cotton industry. Luddites also argued for price reductions, minimum wages, and prohibitions on the flooding of their industry by unapprenticed workers.
Scottish textile worker and single mother (1835-1875) who became a published poet with a modest local reputation.
Latin American export boom
Large-scale increase in Latin American exports (mostly raw materials and foodstuffs) to industrializing countries in the second half of the nineteenth century, made possible by major improvements in shipping; the boom mostly benefited the upper and middle classes.
Belief system typical of the middle class that developed in Britain in the nineteenth century; it emphasized thrift, hard work, rigid moral behavior, cleanliness, and "respectability.
Followers of an American political movement (progressivism) in the period around 1900 that advocated reform measures to correct the ills of industrialization.
Russian Revolution of 1905
Spontaneous rebellion that erupted in Russia after the country's defeat at the hands of Japan in 1905; the revolution was suppressed, but it forced the government to make substantial reforms.
socialism in the United States
Fairly minor political movement in the United States; at its height in 1912, it gained 6 percent of the vote for its presidential candidate
Mechanical device in which the steam from heated water builds up pressure to drive a piston, rather than relying on human or animal muscle power; the introduction of the steam engine allowed a hitherto unimagined increase in productivity and made the Industrial Revolution possible.
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