14 terms

Glacial landscapes & economic activities

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Steep terrain
makes many types of farming difficult for example, whilst also offering spectacular scenery for tourists to enjoy.
Farming is difficult in glacial areas
The relief is very steep making it difficult to use machinery, soils are often thin, Temperatures are lower
Extensive pastoral farming
where animals, commonly sheep, are kept for their meat, milk or hides at low densities in cold environments.
Forestry
Many upland areas have been planted with pine (coniferous) trees which grow relatively quickly and can be harvested often.
About 2 million hectares
of coniferous forests exist in the UK and within upland areas, and the Forestry Commission manage a lot of that.
Quarrying
extracting natural resources such as stone and mineral wealth
A quarry
is basically an area of land where we dig out rock that we can then use.
Mining in the Lake District
has a very long history over a wide area for minerals such as lead, copper, graphite, and coal.
Slate mining and quarrying
still take place in the Lake District, providing building material for dwellings. Slate is used extensively as a roofing material.
Granite
from the highlands of Scotland is also quarried, and can be used as pavement materials or even for kitchen work surfaces.
Tourism
Happens in Glaciated mountain areas because of the spectacular landscapes, the opportunities for walking, camping, and climbing amongst other activities.
Conflict in upland areas
Occurs in glaciated landscapes because some of the activities are incompatible with one another and pose issues between development and conservation.
Fracking
For Shale gas in Cumbria and other glaciated areascould cause conflict as the development could damage the landscape
Kirkby Moor wind farm
An area of wind turbines where protests have taken place over its proposed extension.