Terms in this set (32)
A substance that protects the body from damage caused by harmful molecules called body free radicals. They are man made or natural substances and can be found in fruits and vegetables.
This is also known as anemia; which means that there is not enough red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body.
Monounsaturated, Polyunsaturated, Trans Fat
These are your unsaturated fats.
This refers to the amount of nutrients you get in relation to the calories you consume.
These are a chemical element that play an essential role in the maintenance of your body's metabolic functions and growth. They are needed for the process in enzyme activity and bone formation.
water soluble vitamins
These include all of the B vitamins (Vitamin B-complex) as well as Vitamin C and they are easily absorbed into the body.
These are broken down quickly by the body to be used as energy. They are found in fruit, milk, milk products and refined and processed sugars.
They are metabolic catalysts that regulate chemical reactions in the body. They are a type of nutrient that is needed in small amounts to maintain health and allow growth.
increase in energy, memory & mood, decrease in weight , deeper sleep
These are the short term benefits to staying healthy
These are harder to break down. They turn to glucose in the body and used for energy by the cells and brain. They are found in peas, beans, whole grains, and vegetables.
These are essential for life and are vital for normal function of our cells and organs.
They are also important for muscle movement, nerve signals and transporting nutrients out to the cells.
proteins, fats, carbs
Of the six classes of nutrients these are the energy giving nutrients.
A source of stored energy that is burned during low levels and long term activities.
Too much of this can cause high blood pressure which can lead to heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure. It comes from processed foods, baked goods, snack foods, canned goods, and lunch meats.
fiber, glycogen, starch
These are the three complex carbohydrates.
6 classes of nutrients
Carbohydrates, fats, protein, vitamins, minerals, and water are considered what?
A source of calories from sugar, starches, and fiber that fuel your muscles and brain.
behavior/social issues, poor diet, drugs, lack of exercise
These can have an effect on healthy lifestyles
These are essential for building and repairing muscles, red blood cells, hair and other tissues. It is a source of energy.
These are your less harmful fats that are liquid at room temperature and are common in plant food (vegetable fats- olive oil, corn oil, canola oil)
fructose, sucrose, lactose, glucose
These are the four simple carbohydrates.
These are harmful fats that are solid at room temperature and come from animal fats (butter, lard, fat in meat).
This is an essential substance that makes up about 60-70% of your weight. It stabilizes body temperature, carries nutrients to and waste away from cells , and needed for cell function.
The science or study of food and the way the body uses it.
This is an essential nutrient used to maintain fluid and electrolyte balance in the body.
This is a mineral that plays an important function in hemoglobin and helps our muscles store and use oxygen
fat soluble vitamins
These include vitamins A, D, E, and K. They dissolve in fat and remain in the body for a long time.
balance diet & exercise
These are the long term benefits to staying healthy
These have smaller amounts of protein that the body needs and comes from plant sources such as legumes, vegetables, grains.
This important for the contraction and expansion of muscles and blood vessels, for secretion of hormones and enzymes and for sending messages to the nervous system.
These proteins have all the essential amino acids that are required for the body to grow and maintain itself. They are found in eggs, meat, dairy.
A substance in food that produces energy or helps form body tissues. It is necessary for life and growth.