128 terms

Medical Terminology The Language of Medicine Exam 1 Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4

Practice for Exam 1 schedule, medical terminology Tri-C East Campus
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Nephrosis
abnormal condition of the kidney
Ostealgia
Pain of the bone
Carcinoma
A cancerous tumor
Hepatoma
Tumor (malignant) of the liver.
Iatrogenic
Infection or problem caused by receiving medical treatment
Enteropathy
Disease of the intestines
Cystitis
inflammation of the urinary bladder
Inguinal
Pertaining to the groin
Bradycardia
Abnormally slow heartbeat
Viscera
Pertaining to internal organs
Mediastinum
Centrally located space between the lungs
Laryngeal
Pertaining to the larynx or voice box.
Phlebotomy
Incision of a vein
Platelet
Clotting blood cell
Abdominal
Pertaining to the abdomen
Skin Cell
The cells that make up your skin. Epithelial Cells
Fat Cell
contains large, empty spaces for fat storage. Lipid
Internal Organs
Viscer/o
Antisepis
process of killing disease-causing germs. Against the presence of harmful bacteria on the skin
Euphoria
A feeling of great happiness or well-being
Sarcoma
Tumor of flesh tissue, malignant.
Biopsy
Diagnostic examination of a piece of tissue from the living body
X-ray
obtaining images by the use of X rays
anabolism
process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simple materials
Metabolism
Chemical processes occurring in cells; including catabolism (breaking down process) and anabolism (building up process)
Peritoneum
Double-layered membrane surrounding the abdominal organs
Pituitary gland
the master gland of the endocrine system. Located in the middle of the brain
Body Cavaties
Cranial Cavity, Thoracic Cavity, Abdominal Cavity, Pelvic Cavity, Spinal Cavity
Cranial cavity
Organs include Brain and Pituitary gland
Thoracic cavity
Lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, thymus gland, aorta (large artery) Thoracic cavity is divided into two small cavities. Pleural cavity--- Space between the volds of the pleura surrounding each lung
Mediastinum--- Centrally located space outside of and between the lungs. It contains the heart, aorta, trachea, esophagus, thymus gland, bronchial tubes, and many lymph nodes
Pleural Cavity
Pleural cavity--- Space between the volds of the pleura surrounding each lung
Mediastinum
Centrally located space outside of and between the lungs. It contains the heart, aorta, trachea, esophagus, thymus gland, bronchial tubes, and many lymph nodes
Abdominal Cavity
Contains stomach, intestines, spleen, and liver, and other organs. The diaphragm divides the abdominal and thoracic cavities
Pelvic Cavity
Contains urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and rectum, portions of small and large intestines
Spinal Cavity
Nerves of the spinal cord
Disk (vertebrae)
one of the bony segments of the spinal column
Acromegaly
-Increased growth hormone produces enlargement of both bone and soft tissu
Berry-shaped bacteria
Staphylococcus or Streptococcus
Staphylococcus
looks like a cluster, has catalase. Minor skin infections, pneumonia, meningitis, endocarditis, TSS, septicema Berry Shaped Bacteria
Streptococcus
Berry - shapped bacterium found in twisted chains.
A blood cell that produces antibodies
Lymphocytes
Lymphocytes
Blood cell that produces antibodies. , A type of white blood cell that make antibodies to fight off infections
Congenital anomaly
abnormality present at birth
Retroperitoneal
Behind the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity
Recombinant DNA
A DNA molecule made in vitro with segments from different sources.
Percutaneous
Performed through the skin
Hist/o
Tissue
mamm/o
breast
-gram
to record
eEmia
blood condition
-ectomy
EXCISION(REMOVAL BY CUTTING)
nucle/o
nucleus
meta-
change
lumb/o
lower back (side and back between the ribs and the pelvis)
medi-
middle
pelv/i
pelvis, hip region
poster/o
back, behind
proxim/o
nearest
sacr/o
sacrum
sarc/o
flesh. ( DON'T CONFUSE WITH SACR/O -SACRUM)
spin/o
spine, backbone
thel/o
nipple
trache/o
trachea, windpipe
ventr/o
belly side of the body
vertebr/o
vertebrae, backbone
viscer/o
internal organs or viscera
kary/o
nucleus
later/o
side
inguin/o
groin
ili/o
ilium (part of the pelvic bone)
epi-
above
dors/o
back portion of the body
dist/o
far, distant
cyt/o
cell
crani/o
skull
coccyg/o
coccyx or tailbone
chrom/o
color
chondr/o
cartilage
cervic/o
neck (of the body or of the uterus)
cata-
down
bol/o
to cast (throw)
anter/o
front
ana-
up
adip/o
fat
-type
picture, classification
-somes
bodies
-plasm
formation
-ose
pertaining to, full of
-ism
process, condition
-ior
pertaining to
-iac
pertaining to
-eal
pertaining to
hyper-
excessive
hypo-
below, Deficient, under
Sub-
below
region of the neck
cervic/o
Thrombocyte
(platelets) small irregulary shaped packets of cytoplasm, essential for blood coagulation
iatrogenic
Cause results from unintended or unwanted medical treatment
prognosis
a prediction of the course of a disease
hyperglycemia
abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes
pathologist
A specialist in the study of disease.
Hematoma
A localized swelling filled with blood. Bruise
Osteitis
Inflammation of the bone
Gastrotomy
Surgical incision into the stomach
ophthalmoscope
medical instrument for examining the retina of the eye
Erythrocyte
RED BLOOD CELLS
Oncologist
doctor for treating cancer and tumors
cytoscopy
visual examination of the urinary bladder
neuralgia
Nerve pain.
carcinogenic
any substance that produces cancer
Nephrectomy
Removal of a kidney
Biopsy
Removal of living tissue and examination under a microscope.
Leukocytosis
Abnormal condition of white blood cells
Arthralgia
Pain in a joint
Leukemia
Blood condition of white cells; malignant (cancerous) condition.
adenopathy
Disease of glands.
Pulmon/o
Lung
Tonsill/o
Tonsil
neo
new
malasia is the opposite of
sclerosis
myelgram
spinal cord recording
prodrone
symptoms proceed an illness
myogram
muscle recording
Pneum/o
lung
Myosarcoma
tumor in a muscle
Umbillical
Naval
globin
Protein
pathogenic
Pertaining to producing disease.