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Personality Psychology 3325 Exam 2 Chapter 8
Terms in this set (24)
the hostile forces of nature
The process of natural selection is sometimes also called survival selection because individuals must overcome
average success of the restricted mating strategy declines
The theory of frequency dependent selection suggests that as the number of women who use a restricted mating strategy for attracting men increases, the:
a result of sexual selection
Traits that lead to mating benefits rather than survival benefits are probably:
how genetically related they are to you
According to the inclusive fitness theory, the probability that you will help people depends mostly on:
that her mate is emotionally faithful
According to evolutionary psychology, which of the following is most important to a woman
members of the same sex compete with each other for greater sexual access to members of the opposite sex
Which of the following is a characteristic of intrasexual competition
Which of the following is an example of a characteristic that is NOT necessarily adaptive in modern environments
women who are made to feel jealous by males take a "shot" at them by making them feel jealous
All of these are components of the double-shot hypothesis EXCEPT that:
Research suggests that ___ are most likely to receive help in a famine situation
Rhonda only dates men whom she finds to be extremely physically attractive. She is not concerned about whether they will commit to her or about their past relationships. In this scenario, Rhonda is most likely pursuing a(n) _______ mating strategy.
Shauna knows that men appreciate a woman with attractive legs. She works out frequently to keep her body in shape and wears dresses and shoes that accentuate her attractive legs. Shauna is reacting to the ______ pressure exerted by men on women.
the need to belong
______ is probably a result of the human evolutionary history of living in social groups.
successful group selection
These are all components of differential gene reproduction EXCEPT:
accrue resources and are willing to channel them toward particular women
From an evolutionary perspective, women will generally prefer men who:
In life-or-death situations, the primary variable that predicts helping behavior is the _____ of the person in need of assistance.
_______ are inherited solutions to survival and reproductive problems
Anything that impedes survival or reproduction is a(n):
Psychopathy may be effective strategy for some people in the population to be reproductively successful based on the ______ theory.
In ____, members of one sex choose a mate based on their preferences for particular qualities in the opposite sex
Donald competes to make more money than the rest of his male friends. He also picks the most attractive woman as his spouse. This is an example of _____ selection.
The "top-down" method of empirical research is called the ______ approach
survived to reproductive age; reproduced
All of us come from a long and unbroken line of ancestors who accomplished two critical tasks; they _____, and they _____.
frequency-dependent alternative strategies
Competition that tends to be very intense among individuals using the same strategy may lead to the development of:
there is strong evidence for universal sex differences in jealousy across cultures
Cross-cultural studies of jealousy have found that:
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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