HISTORY OF AFRICA TEST
Terms in this set (58)
Poverty, Disease, Famine, Lack of education
Effects of government Instability in Africa
Working or household chores
Reasons why many school children cannot attend school
Hospitals, doctors, medicines, and supplies
Things that are needed in Africa to be able to treat major outbreaks of diseases
A widespread illness or disease
A disease that attacks the immune system and his an epidemic in Africa
Chronic hunger for an extended period of time
Drought, Civil War, and lack of workers because of AIDS
Reasons for Famine
Term used to describe the difference between access to education for males and females in Africa.
The MAIN reason for many of the modern problems in Africa
The inability to meet basic needs
Children that have lost one or both parents. There are many of these in Africa because of the AIDS epidemic
A system in place in South Africa that separated people based on their race and skin color
Apartheid became the law after this group won the election in 1948
schools during Apartheid were this, meaning black and white children were separated
African National Congress
Group formed in protest of Apartheid: non-violent at first, but turned violent.
69 protestors were killed by police at this during a 1960 protest of Apartheid
Leader of the ANC who was jailed for 27 years, but became the first black president of South Africa
Also know as Bantustans where blacks, Asians, and other people of color were forced out of their homes to live here
FW de Klerk
The president of South Africa that worked to end Apartheid and pardoned Nelson Mandela
Dutch and British
European powers that colonized South Africa
Bantu Authorities Act
This law set up poor quality homelands for blacks to live in
Black South Africans were required to carry this to travel outside of their homelands
The year South Africa had its first democratic election that was open to all races. Nelson Mandela was elected president.
African country that was founded by former American slaves.
A feeling of strong pride for one's home country
A movement to support Africa's common heritage and freedom. To unite all Africans
Effects of the Pan-African Movement
Africans began to develop national pride and demand freedom from European rule
Fierce Warrior Tribes
This is the reason why it took foreigners so long to enter Kenya
The guerilla group that staged a huge rebellion in Kenya in 1956
The reasons why Nigerian people were upset under colonial rule
The British controlled their natural resources and took land from tribes
The European power the controlled Kenya and Nigeria and eventually granted their independence.
When a country is controlled by the Military. This was Nigeria's government from 1966-1999.
Most influential leader of Kenya's independence movement. became Kenya's first president
White Man's Burden
The idea that Europeans must civilize Africans
World War II
African colonies help European countries fight this conflict
There were a lack of educated citizens to take over this after independence
These were not taken in to account when European nations divided African boundaries
Country that resisted colonization by Italy and remained independent.
Along with France, they held the most colonies in Africa
Along with rubber, this natural resource was a profitable raw material in Africa
The reasons Europeans became interested in Africa
Age of Imperialism
The time at the end of the 19th century in which European countries began aggressively expanding their empires in Asia and Africa.
A meeting in which European countries met to decide how to divide the African continent between them in an effort to avoid war.
To Exploit and Export Africa's raw materials
The main goal of European countries when they divided Africa
Scramble for Africa
The competition between European countries to gain control over as much of Africa as possible
Ethnic Groups, political traditions, and culture
The things that European countries failed to consider when making artificial boundaries in Africa.
Assimilation of Africans, forced work in terrible conditions and to grow cash crops, and food shortages
What life was like for Africans under European control
Conflicts and other problems
The results of European Colonization of Africa
Boundaries made by humans
To take something in and make it part of the thing it has joined
A meeting in which Europeans changed the political boundaries of Africa
A distant territory belonging to or under the control of a nation
The actions by which one nation is able to control another usually smaller or weaker nation
The process in which a country's economy focuses on manufacturing
Loyalty and devotion to a nation
The act of resisting
The idea of uniting all indigenous inhabitants of Africa
Natural Resources used to make products