72 terms

Medical T 2

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Terms in this set (...)

Lymph
lymph/o
lymphatic vessels and ducts
lymphangi/o
Lymph Nodes
lymphaden/o
Tonsils and adenoids
tonsill/o, adenoid/o
Spleed
splen/o
Bone Marrow
myel/o
Lymphocytes
lymphocyt/o
Thymus
thym/o
anti-
against
carcin/o
cancerous
immun/o
immune, protection, safe
lymph/o
lymph, lymphatic tissue
lymphanden/o
lymph node or gland
lymphabgi/o
lymph vessel
neo-.ne/o
new, strange
-oma
tumor, neoplasma
onc/o
tumor
phag/o
eat, swallow
-plasma
formative material of cells
sarc/o
flesh, connective tissue
splen/o
spleen
-tic
pertaining to
tox/o
poison, poisonous
A/an ___ is a physician who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of malignant disorders as tumor and cancer
oncology
__ is rare but aggressive form of breast cancer
Inflammatory breast cancer
Which highly contagious viral respiratory infection is commonly known as the flu?
influenza
Which term refers to a self-care procedure for the detection of breast cancer?
breast self-examination
__ is cause by damage to lymphatic vessels caused by cancer treatment, surgery, radiation scanning, injuries, or burns
secondary lymphedema
Which cells are specialized lymphocytes that produce antibodies?
B cells
which blood test is most accurate at confirming the presence of HIV?
Western blot
Very small infectious agents that live only by invading other cells are called
viruses
The ____ is a mass of lymphoid tissue located above the heart
thymus
___ is the use of radioactive materials in contact with or implanted into the tissue to be treated
brachytherapy
wraps the body in a physical barrier to prevent invading organisms from entering the body
intact skin
is a form of treatment that disrupts the blood supply to the tumor
Antiangliogenesis
which term refers to an acquired unresponsiveness to a specific antigen?
tolerance
are leukocytes that provide immunological defenses against many infectious organisms
monocytes
A___ is a technique in which an x-ray-guided needle is used to remove small sample of tissue from the breast
needle breast biopsy
A/an ___ is a small, bean-shaped structure containing specialized lymphocytes that are capable of destroying pathogens
lymph node
which term is also know as passive immunity?
natural immunity
lymph nodes are located along the sides of the neck
cervical
which infection is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito?
West Nile Virus
which masses of lymphoid tissue are also known as the nasopharyngeal tonsils?
adenoids
which term means an accumulation of air or gas in the pleural space that causes the lung to collapse?
pneumothorax
which are the largest of the paranasal sinuses?
maxillary sinuses
which structure is the layer of the pleura that forms the sac containing each lung?
pariental pleura
which division of the pharynx is posterior to the nasal cavity?
nasopharynx
which term describes the condition of having subnormal levels of oxygen in the cells?
hypoxia
sudden infant death syndrome is sudden and unexplainable death that occurs while a healthy infant is sleeping
TRUE
which term describes the region between the lungs that contains the heart?
mediastinum
which term describes the emergency produce performed to create an opening in a blocked trachea?
tracheotomy
hipoxemia is the condition of having subnormal oxygen levels in the blood.
TRUE
which type of pneumonia is also known as mycoplasma pneumonia?
walking
A/an _____is the sudden blockage of a pulmonary artery by foreign matter
pulmonary embolism
is also known as black lung disease
pneumoconiosis
is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States
lung cancer
which term is also known as a runny nose?
rhinorrhea
which term describes the exchange of gases within the cells of the blood and tissues?
internal respiration
which term means bleeding from the lungs?
pneumorrhagia
a/an ____is a surgery in which a wedge-shaped piece of cancerous lung tissues is removed
wedge resection
a disease in which the airways have become inflamed due to recurrent exposure to an inhaled irritant is known as
chronic bronchitis
an inexpensive handheld device used to let patients with asthma measure air flowing out of the lungs is known as a
peak flow meter
which term is also known as acute nasopharyngitis?
upper respiratory infection
which condition is the temporary absence of spontaneous respiration?
apnea
the _____ is the portion of the pharynx used only for the transport of air
nasopharynx
which are the largest of the paranasal sinuses?
maxillary sinuses
which term means the permanent dilation of the bronchi caused by chronic infection and inflammation?
bronchiectasis
which type of pneumonia occurs when a foreign substance is inhaled into the lungs?
aspiration
which term is also known as choking?
airway obstruction
A/an ____ is a mechanical device for artificial respiration that is used to replace or supplement the patient's natural breathing function
ventilator
is the act of taking air in as the diaphragm contracts and downward
inhalation
which part of the respiratory system is commonly known as the windpipe?
trachea