Poli 2051 exam 1 quiz questions
Terms in this set (60)
A law passed by Congress and the adoption of a regulation by an agency are examples of which of the following?
Free speech and a free press are essential to which principle of traditional democratic theory?
The U.S. preference for __________ economic policies helps to explain why we have a smaller and more limited government than do most other advanced industrialized countries.
The ways in which people get involved in politics make up their political __________.
What best describes a linkage institution?
a channel through which people's concerns become part of the political agenda
What condition occurs when interests conflict and no coalition is strong enough to form a majority and establish policy, yet each may be strong enough to thwart the will of the others?
What determines whom we select as our governmental leaders and what policies these leaders pursue?
What kind of public policy involves the legislative enactment of taxes and expenditures?
What makes up the government's policy agenda?
the issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other political actors
What most closely exemplifies equality in voting?
one person, one vote
Which theory argues that special interest groups have essentially become sovereign, and the government is merely their servant?
Who is at the center of all theories of elitism?
In Federalist 10, who wrote, "The most common and durable source of factions has been the various and unequal distribution of property"?
John Locke's belief that government derives its authority from the people influenced the Declaration of Independence, which says, "Governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from _______________.
the consent of the governed
The Articles of Confederation required __________ consent from the states for ratification.
The meaning of the Constitution can change through __________.
What did the Connecticut Compromise help to establish?
the Senate and the House of Representatives
What is the name given to the rights that are inherent in all human beings and not dependent on government?
What was a fear of the Anti-Federalists during the Constitutional Convention and subsequent debate?
that a strong national government would infringe on the rights of the states
`Which constitutional plan called for representation in Congress to be based on state population?
the Virginia plan
Which of the following accurately describes the Constitutional Convention?
A disproportionate number of delegates were economic elites
Which of the following most directly protects individuals' civil liberties?
the Bill of Rights
Which of the following were most likely to oppose the proposed Constitution?
While working on the Constitution, what aspect of the new government most concerned James Madison?
tyranny of the majority
How does federalism contribute to democracy?
It increases citizens' access to government
The Constitution says that states are required to return a person charged with a crime in another state to that state for trial or imprisonment, a practice called __________.
The preemption of state and local laws by federal laws is based on which clause of the U.S. Constitution?
What model of federalism is sometimes described metaphorically as a marble cake?
Which clause in the Constitution ensures that judicial decrees and contracts made in one state will be binding and enforceable in another?
full faith and credit
Which is an example of a federal mandate?
Congress passes a law requiring all states to adopt a sex offender registry system
Which of the following best describes the death penalty in the United States?
Some states allow the death penalty and others do not
Which of the following is a reason why the Framers created a federal system?
The Framers were concerned that a central government could become too powerful
Which of the following is an example of a formula grant?
Which of the following was the earliest major Supreme Court decision to define the relationship between the federal and state governments?
McCulloch v. Maryland
Which type of federalism is characterized by a system of state and national governments with separate but distinct authority?
__________ grants typically allocate federal dollars based on population.
A false and malicious written statement could be considered __________; the same statement spoken aloud could be considered __________.
In the 1960s, the Supreme Court aroused the wrath of many Americans with rulings like that in Engel v. Vitale regarding which controversial religious issue?
recitation of prayer and Bible passages in school
New York Times v. Sullivan held that there must be proof of which of the following in order to find libel against a public figure?
The Bill of Rights is made up of the first __________ amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
The Supreme Court addressed the constitutionality of a Connecticut law that prohibited the use of contraception by relying on the implied right to __________.
The Supreme Court has used incorporation to __________ the authority of states.
What does the Sixth Amendment guarantee to those accused of a crime?
assistance of council
Which amendment has been interpreted by the Supreme Court as prohibiting coerced confessions and entrapment?
Which clause prevents the national government from sanctioning an official religion?
Which rule bars the use of illegally seized evidence at trial?
Which Supreme Court case developed the exclusionary rule?
Mapp v. Ohio
Which U.S. Supreme Court case found that a woman's right to have an abortion is protected by the implied constitutional right to privacy?
Roe v. Wade
For which of the following would the Supreme Court most likely apply an "intermediate scrutiny" standard of review to determine whether the policy is an unconstitutional violation of the equal protection clause?
having different minimum ages for men and women to marry
If you thought you were getting an inferior public education because of your ethnicity, which part of the Constitution would you rely on most heavily to justify your case?
the Fourteenth Amendment
The civil rights movement pushed for racial equality. When did this movement begin?
in the 1950s
The Fifteenth Amendment guarantees citizens the right to vote regardless of __________.
The Fourteenth Amendment attempted to guarantee which of the following to former slaves?
The freedom riders used civil disobedience to help end which form of discrimination in the South?
What provision of the Fourteenth Amendment serves as a cornerstone of struggles to win equality for certain groups?
the equal protection clause
What strategy did the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) successfully use to fight against school segregation?
What was Reconstruction?
the period after the Civil War when the South was occupied by the federal government
When did women win the constitutionally guaranteed right to vote?
decades after black males won the right to vote
Who had to pay poll taxes?
Why did Congress pass the Voting Rights Act of 1965?
because it was clear that the South had no intention of living up to the spirit of the Fifteenth Amendment