AICE Travel and Tourism CHAPTER 2
Terms in this set (35)
privately owned businesses and their main concern is generating a profit to pay dividends to owner/shareholders.
government funded organisations that provide a service to both the local and visiting populations.
mainly charitable ventures supporting a particular cause and rely on donations from their various supporters.
tourism attempting to make a low impact on the environment and local culture, while helping to generate future employment for the local people. The aim is to ensure that development brings a positive experience for the local people.
principles of sustainable destination management
managing visitor impact on a local destination's economy, social fabric and physical environment in a way which benefits everybody.
relationship between the three interest groups: the host population, the agents of tourism development, and the tourists.
National Tourism Policy Goals
refers to an overall high level plan that includes goals and procedures
tourism can boost employment, foreign currency earnings, income, tax revenues, economic development, and improve the local area and conditions for the local people.
tourism can help to enhance the image of an area which is important the government of LEDCs or of countries that may be perceived in a negative way due to war or natural disaster
tourism can promote understanding between cultures and improve the quality of life for the locals by providing faculties that can be used by both tourists and locals.
tourism can help with regeneration and conservation of the built and natural environment.
an approach to the management of tourism, aimed at maximizing economic, social and environmental benefits and minimizing costs to destinations. Simply put, Responsible tourism is tourism 'that creates better places for people to live in, and better places to visit'.
Visitor, Industry, Community, Environment
illustrates the ways in which any new economic activity can lead to prosperity and increasing economic development within a destination which has some form of initial advantage.
foreign exchange earnings
tourism is a main source of foreign exchange earnings for 38%of countries
the local people living in the destination
employment through hotels, restaurants, night clubs, taxis, and souvenir sales.
indirect or informal employment
employment through the supply of goods and services needed by tourism related businesses. Examples street vendors, informal guides, rickshaw drivers, etc.
revenue generated by tourism is lost to other countries' economies.
abbreviation for the British pound sterling, the official currency of the United Kingdom
behavior that members of the host population copy from tourisms.
when cultural activities are turned into show performances for tourists as if they were real life.
when local and cultural events are turned into commodities.
neglecting traditional features of a destination to find familiar brands and well known hotels.
maximum number of people that may visit a tourist destination at the same time, without causing destruction to the destination
high density recreational areas
intensive development of resort hotels and facilities managed for maximum visitor usage ex. disneyland
general outdoor recreational areas
ex ski resorts. greater choice of activity and resorts are some distance away from main population
natural environments or established wilderness areas
ex national parks. variety of possible activities according to the nature of the area
unique areas of outstanding natural beauty or scenic grandeur
where the main activity was sightseeing but they are increasingly being exploited by different types of traveler. ex grand canyon
primitive areas of undisturbed wilderness
areas with no roads where natural wild conditions can still be found. ex himalayas
historic or cultural sites
local, regional, national, or international scale but they are significant attractions for travelers. ex. inca trail
Butler model of destination evolution
six stages: exploration, involvement, development, consolidation, stagnation, decline versus rejuvenation
period of further growth and development brought about by innovation and renewed diversification.
Tourism Area Life Cycle
The World Travel and Tourism Council