SS Chapter 7
Terms in this set (39)
Public markets and meeting places
Wild, uncivilized people
Slaves owned by the city-state of Sparta
Seller of goods
To murder for political reasons
A city north of Athens, where the Persians outnumbered the Athenians and won the battle.
The condition of being owned by someone else.
A word that describes Greek history and culture after the death of Alexander the Great.
Mathematician that developed geometry
A city-state in ancient Greece
Cyrus the Great
Founder of the Persian Empire in mid 500 BC
An action taken to isolate the enemy and cut off its supplies
A city-state in southern Greece
A great scientist who discovered that people can use pulleys and levers to lift heavy objects
War between Athens and Sparta in Ancient Greece.
Men in Athens gathered in the Agora in the morning to do what?
Talk politics, philosophy or about events in their community.
Why were public buildings in Athens different from private homes?
Public buildings were extravagant and private homes were plain.
What did most Greeks think woman needed?
To be protected and guided by men.
How would you describe the helots of Sparta?
They were conquered people and did all of the farm work.
How would you describe the Spartan woman?
They were strong and healthy.
What resulted from the victory by the Athenians over the Persians at Marathon?
Athens became the most powerful city-state in Greece.
Many of the cities Alexander established were?
Cities names after him.
What statement best describes the role of poor woman in Athens?
The only ones to work outside the home.
What statement best describes public life in Athens?
It was men who were active in politics, society in public life.
What do historians believe that slaves were in Athens?
They were conquered foreigners.
How would you describe the Spartans?
They were tough, silent and grim.
When did the Spartans finally conquer Athens?
in 404 BC
Why did Spartans raise only the healthiest children?
They wanted the healthiest people in the city.
When Alexander became King at 20 years old, what did he do?
Invaded the Persian Empire.
How would you describe life in Hellenistic kingdoms?
Life was modeled after Greek cities. Greek kings ruled.
What activities took place in the Agora of Athens?
There were shops that sold wool, pottery, hardware, cloth and books. Men talked politics and philosophy.
What were the responsibilities of men compared to those of woman in ancient Athens?
Men were active in politics and social life. Woman stayed home and took care of the home and family.
What was the Spartan attitude toward wealth?
Spartan looked down on wealth, people in trade and were not interested in the arts.
Describe what life was like for boys living in Sparta.
They started training at 7 years old. They lived in barracks and practiced with swords and spears. They were given a small amount of food.
How did Alexander's upbringing affect his attitudes about Greek culture?
He was taught by his tutor, Aristotle, that Greeks were a superior people and deserved to rule.
Describe the importance of the contributions made by Euclid, Eratosthenes, and Archimedes.
Scientist Euclid developed geometry, Eratosthenes figured out the distance around the earth and Archimedes discovered how people could use pulleys and levers to lift heavy objects.
How did the Spartans attitude towards wealth affect their trade and travel?
Their need for wealth made them blood thirsty, they attached other city-states and took all the goods they could.
How did the Greeks overcome the Persian invasion?
The Greeks joined forces with other Greek city-states and drove away the Persians.