5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- 1205.03: If a brief is non-compliant:
- 1214.06: What happens when the Examiner is sustained in whole or in part:
- Affidavits & Other Evidence:
- 1214.07: Reopening Prosecution: (One option after a rejection on new grounds by the Board):
- What is a caveat for appeals?
- a If no claims are allowed at all: After the Board's decision the 2 month limit for taking the case to court starts running. After that is over, if there has been no court action the app is abandoned.
THIS IS WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO PUT DISPUTED DEPENDENT CLAIMS INTO INDEPENDENT FORM: If it turns out that a parent independent claim is not allowed, but that a dependent claim (that has further limitation) would be allowed except for the fact that it is a dependent claim.... the app is still abandoned anyway! (It is up to the applicant to get the claims ready for this eventuality).
When some of the claims are allowed:
There is no requirement to file any further reply, the claims that are allowed will go back to the examiner (most likely to issue, or perhaps to have the examiner request a re-hearing). If there is no reply the other claims will be canceled.
When the claims require further action: (Like in a case where a generic claim rejection is reversed so more work is needed no the claim by the examiner): It just goes back to the examiner for more work.
- b Normally once the application is in appeal, the appellant has no right to enter in amendments to the app. However: If the amendment is accompanied by a 37 CFR 1.114 RCE, then the app will go back into prosecution via the RCE along with the amendment.
- c This extra evidence may be admitted, but only if the examiner determines that:
1) The affidavits or other evidence that overcome all rejections under appeal.; and
2) The showing of good or sufficient reasons why the affidavit or other evidence is actually necessary and was not available earlier.
- d f the brief is non compliant, the applicant will be notified and has a 1 month (30 day) time to correct. The time is extendable under 1.136 (a)(b), and the appeal will be dismissed if the applicant fails to comply. If the applicant actually disagrees with the finding that the brief is non-conformant, he may petition under 37 CFR 1.181 or 41.3, but the due date for the corrections will not toll.
- e One important caveat: Remember that when filing an RCE after a final rejection the applicant has a choice: Either appeal, or file the RCE. By filing an RCE the applicant is agreeing not to file an appeal, at least until the claim is rejected under the RCE itself. So even if there are 2 rejections in the original app, when the applicant files an RCE he is waiving the appeal until there is another rejection.
5 Multiple choice questions
- 1) Statutory Disclaimers
2) Terminal Disclaimers:
- What's the big difference? In the Circuit Court it is actually possible to introduce new evidence while the court of appeals does not allow this. However, the plaintiff will have to show good cause why this evidence was not actually given to the Board or examiner earlier in the process. (Note: new evidence that was previously withheld due to fraud or gross negligence is not allowed).
The circuit court can issue the same decisions as the appellate court above.
- Remember, appeals are only for decisions by the USPTO on the actual merits of the patent, other decisions are protested via petition instead. Remember, any petition not filed within 2 months of the underlying action may be dismissed by the USPTO under 37 CFR 1.181(f).
- Appeal matters dealing with substantive issues (rejections); actions on the merits that are made to the Board of Patent Appeals & Interferences
5 True/False questions
Timing → 1) Must be filed within the greater of: 2 months of PTO receipt of notice; or
2) time left to reply to the action being appealed
3) EOT for up to 5 months
4) Failure to file brief dismisses appeal and abandons application if no allowed claims
1214.05: What happens when Claims are Withdrawn from the Appeal: → At this point, the app goes directly back to the examiner, he will either then put all the claims in allowance and get the patent ready for issue, or the examiner may request his own re-hearing (again a 2 month time frame for that re-hearing).
When is one in a position to appeal? → In order to even have an appeal available the USPTO has to have issued a second rejection on a claim. The second rejection could either be a normal final rejection, or it could be a rejection where the claim was initially rejected in the original app, a CIP/CPA/RCE was filed to continue the app, and then the same claim was rejected in the continuation (1 time original + 1 time continuation == 2 rejections).
What statute deals with appeal procedure? → 1) Must identify claims being appealed
2) New arguments are allowed but new evidence is not allowed
3) Must traverse all grounds of rejection
4) All claims of a group must stand or fall together, unless stated otherwise
5) If notice of defects issued by PTO, must reply to action being appealed
What is required to be in appeal brief? → One important caveat: Remember that when filing an RCE after a final rejection the applicant has a choice: Either appeal, or file the RCE. By filing an RCE the applicant is agreeing not to file an appeal, at least until the claim is rejected under the RCE itself. So even if there are 2 rejections in the original app, when the applicant files an RCE he is waiving the appeal until there is another rejection.