89 terms

Phase 1 test


Terms in this set (...)

Day watch: 0600-1600
Late day watch: 0800-1800
Early mid watch: 1300-2300
Mid watch: 1430-0030
Late mid watch: 1700-0300
Late watch: 2200-0800
Blue Border form (RM2)
City of Sacramento Driver Report of Accident form
Primary scene responsibilities
-Officer and public safety
-Provide Medical Assistance
-Obtain critical information (victim/witness info and accounts)
-Protect the crime scene
-Broadcast pertinent information
-Identify witnesses for statements
-Notify special units and/or additional resources
459 PC
Burglary (felony)
-the entry to a building or specified structure
-with the intent to commit
- theft or any felony.
459.5 PC
Shoplifting (misdemeanor)
-the entry to a commercial establishment
-with the intent to commit larceny
-during regular business hours
-the value of the property to be taken or intended to be does not exceed $950
487 PC
Grand theft (felony)
-the taking and
-carrying away of
-personal property of another
-without consent
-with intent to permanently deprive the owner

-Property value exceeding $950
-Agricultural products exceeding $250 (e.g., domestic fowl, fruit, nuts, vegetables, etc.)
-Aquacultural products exceeding $250 (e.g., fish, algae, etc.)
-Property taken over a 12 consecutive month period totaling $950 or more and taken by a servant, agent or employee of the owner
-Property taken from the person of another only if greater than $950
-Certain designated livestock regardless of the value (e.g., horses, cattle, sheep, etc.)
484 PC
Petty theft (misdemeanor)
-All other thefts not categorized as grand theft (misdemeanor 488 PC )
-Petty theft with prior theft related conviction and jail time (misdemeanor* 666)
537 PC
Defrauding and Innkeeper
-the obtaining of
-food, services, or accommodations
-at a designated facility without paying
-with intent to defraud the proprietor or manager.
594 PC
Vandalism (wobbler, felony if over $400)
-malicious intent
-to deface, damage, or destroy with graffiti or other inscribed material
-personal or real property
-not their own

(Two prior convictions for vandalism and has served jail time for one vandalism conviction is a felony)
10851 VC
Vehicle theft (wobbler; felony if over $950)
-the driving or taking of
-a vehicle not the person's own
-without consent with intent to temporarily or permanently deprive the owner
-of title or possession of such vehicle.
496 PC
Receiving stolen property (wobbler; felony if over $950)
-every person who knowingly
-buys, receives, conceals, sells, withholds, or
-aids in concealing, selling or withholding,
-any property obtained by theft or extortion.
503 PC
-the fraudulent appropriation
-of property
-by a person to whom it has been entrusted
602 PC
Trespass (misdemeanor)
-any person who enters and occupies
-real property or structures of any kind
-without consent of the owner, the owner's agent, or the person in lawful possession -refusing to leave upon request
653m PC
Annoying phone calls
-a person, with intent to annoy, telephones or makes contact by means of an electronic communication device and uses obscene language or makes a threat of injury to the person, that person's property, or a member of that person's family.
-a person makes repeated telephone calls or makes repeated contact by means of an electronic communication device with intent to annoy another person at that person's residence, whether or not a conversation ensues.
-a person makes repeated telephone calls or makes repeated contact by means of an electronic communication device with the intent to annoy another person at that person's place of work and (one of the following):
- there is a court order in effect prohibiting the contact; or
- there are more than 10 contacts in a 24-hour period, whether or not conversation ensues, and the contacts are to the workplace of an adult or minor who is the person's spouse, former spouse, cohabitant, former cohabitant, or person with whom the person has a child, or is having or has had a dating or engagement relationship.
484 (e, f, g)
Credit card theft
-484e(a) Sell/transfer/convey an access card
-484e(b) Acquire 4 or more access cards within 12 months
-484e(d) Acquire/retain access card information with intent to use fraudulently
-484f(a) Make/alter/use an access card
-484f(b) Forge signature with intent to defraud
-484g Use card or account information unlawfully obtained or altered; false representation of card ownership
Felony: greater than $950 Misdemeanor: $950 or less*
-484e(c) Acquire or possess access card with intent to use, sell or transfer without consent misdemeanor
-484f(a) Forge an access card
-484g Use card or account information unlawfully obtained or altered; false representation of card ownership
-484h Retailer with knowledge card is counterfeit, expired or revoked
470 PC
-the intent to defraud,
-make, utter, publish, pass, or attempt to pass
-an altered, forged, or counterfeit document or seal or
-signs an unauthorized or fictitious name.
476 PC ; 476a PC
-Making, passing, or uttering a fictitious bill
182 PC
-two or more persons
-agreeing to commit
-any crime
236 PC
False imprisonment (misdemeanor)
- unlawful violation
-of the personal liberty
-of another.
240 PC
-unlawful attempt, and
-the present ability
-to commit a violent injury
-upon the person of another
242 PC
Battery (misdemeanor)
-willful and unlawful
-use of force or violence
-on the person of another
243b PC
Battery against an officer (wobbler, felony if causes injury)
-A battery upon a peace officer can only occur when the officer is engaged in the lawful performance of his/her duties. The person committing the offense must know or reasonably know that the victim is a peace officer.
245 PC
Assault with a deadly weapon (felony)
-unlawful attempt, and
-the present ability
-to commit a violent injury
-upon the person of another
-by use of a deadly weapon
-or force likely to produce great bodily injury
273.5 PC
Domestic violence (felony)
-the person willfully inflicts injury upon another person.
-the other person is a spouse, former spouse, cohabitant, former cohabitant, current or former dating relationship partner, current or former engagement partner, or they have a child in common.
-the injury must be an actual physical injury. It can be internal or external, minor or serious.
273.6 ; 166.4 PC
Violation of a court order
273.6 knowing and willful violation of an order issued under the DVPA, FLA, UPA, and harassment statute with no prior convictions is a misdemeanor.
273.6(d) willful violation of these orders with a prior restraining order conviction occurring within seven years and involving an act of violence or a credible threat of violence is a felony.
273.6(e) willful violation of these orders with a prior conviction within one year, and resulting in physical injury to the victim is a felony.
166(a)(4) 166(b)(1), and 166(c)(1) willful disobedience of any process, or order lawfully issued by any court, or violation of a stalking EPO is a misdemeanor.
314 PC
Indecent exposure
-every person who
-willfully and lewdly,
-expose their private parts
-where there are others present to be offended.
646.9 PC
-willfully, maliciously and repeatedly follows another person, or
-willfully, and maliciously harasses another person
-makes a credible threat
-with intent to place the person in reasonable fear for his or her safety or the safety of his or her immediate family
243(e)(1) PC
Battery in a dating relationship (non injury) (misdemeanor)
-force or violence
-against a:
- spouse/former spouse
- current dating relationship/former dating relationship
- current engagement relationship/former engagement relationship
- person with whom respondent has had a child
- cohabitant
422 PC
Terrorist threats (felony)
-a threat to commit a crime resulting in death or great bodily injury to a person or his or her immediate family.
-the threat must be such as to cause a person reasonably to be in sustained fear for his or her own safety or for his or her immediate family's safety.
211 ; 212.5 PC
-taking of personal property of another
-from the person or immediate presence
-against the person's will
-accomplished by means of force or fear
4550 PC
-every person who
-rescues or attempts to rescue, or
- aids another in rescuing or attempting to rescue
-any prisoner from any:
- prison,
- road camp,
- jail, or
- officer or person having that prisoner in lawful custody
405a PC
-the taking
-by means of a riot
-of any person
-from the lawful custody of any peace officer
647(a) PC
Lewd/Obscene conduct
-any person who solicits or engages
-in lewd conduct
-in a public place
-or a place open to public view
11357 (a&b) HS
Possession of marijuana
(a) Any usable amount of hash/hash oil (concentrated cannabis) (wobbler)
(b) One ounce (28.5 grams) or less of marijuana (infraction)
11359 HS
Sales of Marijuana
Possession for sale: marijuana or concentrated cannabis (Felony)
11358 HS
Cultivate or Harvest Marijuana
-has knowledge of its presence
-physically plants, cultivates, harvests, dries, or processes any amount of marijuana
11364 HS
Possession of narcotics paraphernilia
-Possessing a device for injecting or smoking a controlled substance other than marijuana (misdemeanor)
11365a HS
Visiting a Place Where Controlled Substance is Being Used
-Presence in room or place where designated controlled substances smoked or used; aiding or abetting
-Unlawful to visit or to be in any room or place where any controlled substance are being unlawfully smoked or used with knowledge that such activity is occurring.
11532a HS
Loitering for drug related activity
-loitering in a public place
-high crime neighborhood
-act as "lookout"
-use hand signals or other forms of communication to summon purchasers of illegal drugs (Nextel walkie talkies)
-transfer of small objects or packages for currency in a furtive fashion
-impedes traffic (vehicular/pedestrian)
-prior controlled substances convictions (within last 5 years)
-attempts to conceal self or any object that could be used for drug activity
Penal Code 15
A crime or public offense is an act committed or omitted in violation of a law forbidding or commanding it, and to which is annexed, upon conviction, either of the following punishments:
-Removal of Office
-Disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust, or profit in this State
Punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six months, or by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both.
Punishable with death, by imprisonment in the state prison, or notwithstanding any other provision of law, by imprisonment in a county jail under the provisions of subdivision (h) of Section 1170
Not punishable by imprisonment. A person charged with an infraction shall not be entitled to a trial by jury. A person charged with an infraction shall not be entitled to have the public defender or other counsel appointed at public expense to represent him or her unless he or she is arrested and not released on his or her written promise to appear, his or her own recognizance, or a deposit of bail.
Written law enacted by a legislative body
Written law enacted by a municipality
Criminal (culpable) negligence
The failure to use reasonable care to avoid consequences that threaten or harm the safety of the public and that are the foreseeable outcome of acting in a particular manner.
644 PC
Attempt crimes
-Every person who attempts to commit any crime, but fails, or is prevented or intercepted in its perpetration, shall be punished where no provision is made by law for the punishment of those attempts.
Persons not capable of committing a crime
(1) Children under the age of 14, in the absence of clear proof that at the time of committing the act charged against them, they knew its wrongfulness.
(2) Persons who are mentally incapacitated.
(3) Persons who committed the act or made the omission charged under an ignorance or mistake of fact, which disproves any criminal intent.
(4) Persons who committed the act charged without being conscious thereof.
(5) Persons who committed the act or made the omission charged through misfortune or by accident, when it appears that there was no evil design, intention, or culpable negligence.
(6) Persons (unless the crime be punishable with death) who committed the act or made the omission charged under threats or menaces sufficient to show that they had reasonable cause to and did believe their lives would be endangered if they refused
836 PC
A Peace Officer may make an arrest:
i)pursuant to a warrant
ii) without a warrant
- whenever they have probable cause to believe the person to be arrested has
committed a public offense (felony or misdemeanor) in their presence;
- when the person arrested has committed a felony, although not in the officer's
- whenever they have probable cause to believe the person to be arrested has
committed a felony, whether or not a felony has in fact been committed.
843 PC
When the arrest is being made by an officer under the authority of a warrant, after information of the intention to make the arrest, if the person to be arrested either flees or forcibly resists, the officer may use all necessary means to effect the arrest
Misdemeanor arrest exceptions when not committed in officer's presence
1) Committed by a juvenile
2) Driving while under the influence
3) Carrying a loaded firearm on an individual's person or in a vehicle while in any public place or on any public street
4) Violating a domestic protective or restraining order, when the officer was responding to a call alleging the same
5) Committing an assault or battery on a spouse, cohabitant, or a parent of their child
6) Committing an assault or battery on school property while school is in session
7) Committing an assault or battery against a working firefighter, emergency medical technician, or mobile intensive care paramedic
8) Carrying a concealed firearm at an airport
148 PC
Resisting public officer (misdemeanor)
Every person who willfully resists, delays, or obstructs any public officer, peace officer, or emergency technician in the discharge or the attempt to discharge any duty of that officer's office or employment
148.9 PC
Falsely representing self (misdemeanor)
Any person who falsely represents or identifies oneself as another person (real or fictitious) to a peace officer upon a lawful detention or arrest to evade the process of the court, or proper identification of that person by an investigating officer.
187 PC
Murder (felony)
Unlawful killing of a human being or fetus with malice aforethought.
207 PC
Kidnapping (felony)
Unlawful taking of a person against his or her will by force or fear from one place to another.
211 PC
Robbery (felony)
Taking of personal property of another from the person or immediate presence against the person's will accomplished by means of force or fear.
220 PC
Assault w/ intent to commit mayhem or specified sex offenses (felony)
Assault with specific intent to commit mayhem, rape, sodomy, oral copulation, rape in concert, lewd acts with a child, or penetration with a foreign object.
246 PC
Discharge firearm at inhabited dwelling (felony)
willfully discharges a firearm at an:
- inhabited dwelling house
- inhabited housecar
- inhabited camper
- occupied building
- occupied motor vehicle
- occupied aircraft
261 PC
Rape (felony)
-An act of penile/vaginal intercourse which is committed with a person, not the spouse of the perpetrator, an without consent of the person.
415 PC
Disturbing the peace (misdemeanor)
-When a person's activity causes unlawful fighting, making loud or unreasonable noises, or using offensive words.
417 PC
Brandishing (misdemeanor)
Any person who except in self-defense in the presence of any other person draws or exhibits any deadly weapon in a rude, angry, or threatening manner unlawfully uses a deadly weapon in any fight or quarrel.
417b PC
Brandishing a firearm (felony)
Every person who, except in self-defense, in the presence of any other person, draws or exhibits any loaded firearm in a rude, angry, or threatening manner, or who, in any manner, unlawfully uses any loaded firearm in any fight or quarrel upon the grounds of any day care center, as defined in Section 1596.76 of the Health and Safety Code, or any facility where programs, including day care programs or recreational programs, are being conducted for persons under 18 years of age, including programs conducted by a nonprofit organization, during the hours in which the center or facility is open for use, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for 16 months, or two or three years, or by imprisonment in a county jail for not less than three months, nor more than one year.
451 PC
Arson (felony)
Willfully and maliciously sets fire to or causes to be burned or aids, counsels, or procures the burning of any structure, forest land, or property
452 PC
Arson (felony)
Recklessly set fire to or burns or causes to be burned any structure, forest land, or property
452d PC
Arson (misdemeanor)
-Unlawfully causing a fire of property
-Does not include one burning or causing to be burned his own property unless there is injury to another person or to another person's structure, forestland, or property
453a PC
Arson (felony)
Possession or manufacture or disposal of a flammable or combustible material or substance, or any incendiary device in an arrangement or preparation with intent to willfully and maliciously use such material, substance, or device to set fire to or burn any structure, forest land, or property
647 PC
Disorderly conduct (misdemeanor)
215 PC
Carjacking (felony)
Taking of a motor vehicle from the person or immediate presence of a possessor or passenger by means of force or fear with the intent to either, permanently or temporarily deprive the possessor or passenger
212.5 PC
Home Invasion
212.5(a): Robbery of hired vehicle
212.5(b): Robbery at an Automated Teller Machine (ATM)
212.5(c): Any other type of robbery or robberies not listed in subdivisions (a) and (b) are of the second degree
31 VC
False information to a peace officer

No person shall give, either orally or in writing, information to a peace officer while in the performance of his duties under the provisions of this code when such person knows that the information is false.

No person shall drive, move, leave standing upon:
- a highway
- an off-street public parking facility Vehicle Code Section 4000 (a)(2)
any vehicle, trailer, semi trailer, pole or pipe dolly, or logging dolly
unless it is registered and fees paid or registered under the permanent trailer identification program
12500 CVC
Driver's License

No person shall drive a motor vehicle upon a highway without being licensed, except persons expressly exempted.

12951 CVC: Driver must have a valid license in that person's immediate possession at all times when driving a motor vehicle upon a highway
16028(a) CVC

Upon the demand of a peace officer pursuant to subdivision (b) or upon the demand of a peace officer or traffic collision investigator pursuant to subdivision (c), every person who drives a motor vehicle upon a highway shall provide evidence of financial responsibility for the vehicle that is in effect at the time the demand is made. The evidence of financial responsibility may be provided using a mobile electronic device. However, a peace officer shall not stop a vehicle for the sole purpose of determining whether the vehicle is being driven in violation of this subdivision.
14601 CVC
Suspended license

No person shall drive at any time when that person's privilege to drive is suspended or revoked for reckless driving (Vehicle Code Section 23103), and the person so driving has been notified of the suspension or revocation
5200 CVC
License plates

Must be attached to the proper vehicle when two are issued, one must be in front and one in the rear.
27315 CVC

The driver and all passengers 16 years of age or older to be properly restrained by seatbelts when the vehicle is being operated on a highway.
22450 CVC
Stop sign

The driver of any vehicle approaching a stop sign:
- at the entrance to an intersection
- within an intersection
- at a railroad grade crossing
shall stop at a limit line, if marked otherwise before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection.
21453a CVC
Stop light

A circular red light requires a driver to stop at a marked limit line:
- if there is no limit line, stop before entering the near crosswalk
- if there is no crosswalk, stop before entering the intersection
remain stopped until the light has changed and it is safe to proceed
24400 CVC

Have at least two headlamps, one on each side of the vehicle the lamps must be between 22 and 54 inches in height from the ground

(Vehicle Code Section 24400(a)(1)) have headlamps on when wipers are in continuous use.
Both headlamps must be lighted during darkness or inclement weather (Vehicle Code Section 24400(b))
24600 CVC

During darkness, motor vehicles not in combination with any other vehicle, shall be equipped with one or more lighted taillamps every vehicle at the end of a combination of vehicles shall be equipped with no less than two taillamps. taillamps should be mounted on the rear of the vehicle.
24601 CVC
License plate lights

Either the taillamp or a separate lamp shall be so constructed and placed as to illuminate with a white light the rear license plate during darkness and render it clearly legible from a distance of 50 feet to the rear. When the rear license plate is illuminated by a lamp other than a required taillamp, the two lamps shall be turned on or off only by the same control switch at all times.
24603 CVC
Break lights
Every motor vehicle is required to be equipped with stoplamps mounted on the rear of the vehicle.
26710 CVC

It is unlawful to operate any motor vehicle upon a highway if the windshield or rear window is in such a defective condition that it would impair the driver's vision. Drivers can be required to have such windshields or rear windows repaired within 48 hours.
Core principles of SPD
1) Protect our community
2) Partnerships
3) Professionalism
4) Prevention and Intervention
5) Ownership