Sociolinguistics Terms (LING 210) TWU 1/2
Terms in this set (49)
The scientific study of language
The Study of language in relation to society
Pivotal notion of sociolinguistics
Characteristics of a large segment of society
Characteristics of a small segment of society
Language and dialects can be distinguished by the test of mutual...
What members of a particular nation, people, or other distinct community speak
A subordinate variety of a language that is peculiar to a specific region or social group (differences of vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation)
Refers solely to differences in pronunciation
The study of regional language variation (focuses on vernacular)
common spoken language of a people (as opposed to formal written or literary language - focus towards rural populations)
Geographically based, limited to certain regions
Based on social groups, limited to those groups
Age, gender, education, beliefs, social class/occupation, race/ethnicity, political structures, kinship, leisure activities.
Set of language items associated with a particular focus (discrete occupational or social groups)
Way in which something is written or performed as distinct from the content of the writing or performance. (In sociolinguistics, the level of formality of speech)
Core Network Members
Members centrally involved and actively participating in a friendship network. Distinguished from peripheral and secondary members who are progressively less involved.
characterized by everyone within the network knowing each other.
A network tie between individuals that expresses one role or basis for contact and interaction.
Individuals in a social network can be linked through a single social relationship or through several relationships.
National or Official Language
A language which has been elevated to a position of national importance.
Origin, competence, function, attitude
All the language varieties a person is competent in, different:
How many languages an individual can communicate in.
How many languages are used in a particular country
A typical situation of language use, such as home, school, workplace, church, and market.
A situation where two distinct varieties of one language coexist throughout a speech community, each being allotted a range of different functions with little overlap.
where two very diferent versions of the same language are functionally distributed
Any community with two+ languages with distinct functions
A system used for communication between 2+ parties
Change of code within a single speech event
When a word is taken from one language to another and modified to fit the sound and grammar system of its host.
The systematic choice by one speaker of elements of two+ languages, dialects, or varieties during a single conversation.
Change of code accompanying a change of topics or participants or any time the communication situation is redefined.
Change of code within a single speech event, however, the change of code is not only used for conveying the surface content of the message intended, but also to convey an additional message.
Regulatory measures designed to determine when and for what functions a language is used in a society.
Regulatory measures designed to influence structural aspects of a language such as the lexicon, grammar, writing system and spelling rules.
Organized efforts to promote the learning of a language.
The knowhow that a person must possess to get through the task of daily living. Context specific way of seeing the world.
The capacity or ability to direct or influence the behavior of others or the course of events.
The prohibition or avoidance in any society of behavior believed to be harmful to its members in that it would cause them anxiety, embarrassment, or shame.
An indirect way of talking about taboo topics.
The collective aspect of the set of characteristics by which a thing is definitively recognizable or known. The set of behavioral or personal characteristics by which an individual is recognizable as a member of a group.
Regional, local, social stratification - your social groups define you
We all have multiple identities and our own idiolect
Feelings people have about their own language or the languages of others.
In group ways of speaking the majority language.
The division of a species with reference to reproductive processes.
The state of being male or female (typically used with reference to social and cultural differences rather than biological ones).