HDFS 5123 Chapter 1 - Understanding Life-Span
Terms in this set (53)
systematic changes and continuities in the individual that occur between conception and death, or from "womb to tomb".
the physical changes that occur from conception to maturity.
the deterioration of organisms that leads inevitably to their death
an affective mood disorder characterized by at least one episode of feeling profoundly sad and hopeless, losing interest in almost all activities, or both.
more than biological aging, a range of physical, cognitive, and psychosocial changes, positive and negative, in the mature organism.
socially defined age group in a society
rite of passage
a ritual that marks a person's "passage" from one status to another, usually in reference from childhood to adulthood. Ex: body painting, circumcision, instructions by elders in sexual practices, tests of physical prowess, and gala celebrations.
society's way of telling people how to act their age
a person's sense of when things should be done and when he or she is ahead or behind the schedule dictated by age norms.
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people.
people's classification or affiliation with a group based on common heritage or traditions
socioeconomic status (SES)
standing in society based on such indicators as occupational prestige, education, and income.
the transitional period between childhood and adulthood that begins with puberty and involves significant physical, cognitive, and psychosocial changes
average # of years of life for an individual. For a Newborn in the US, expected length of life is 78 years old.
how biological and environmental forces act and interact to make us what we are.
biological unfolding of the individual according to a blueprint in our genes.
the hereditary material passed from parents to child at conception.
all the external physical and social conditions, stimuli, and events that can affect us
the process through which experience brings about relatively permanent changes in thoughts, feelings or behavior.
grounding what they do in research and ensuring that the curricula and treatments they provide have been demonstrated to be effective
keeping diaries of their own children's development; Charles Darwin
storm and stress
a time of emotional ups and downs and rapid changes
the study of aging and old age
an approach to the study of human development that takes into account all phases of life
a belief that investigators should allow their systematic observations to determine the merits of their thinking.
a set of concepts and propositions intended to describe and explain certain phenomena
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
the group of individuals studied
a well defined group, which a sample is trying to compare to
a sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of inclusion
observing people in their everyday surroundings (that is natural)
create special stimuli, tasks, or situations designed to elicit the behavior of interest
functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)
a brain scanning technique that uses magnetic forces to measure the increase in blood flow to an area of the brain that occurs when that brain area is active.
an in-depth examination of an individual (or small number of individuals), typically carried out by compiling and analyzing information from a variety of sources, such as observation, testing and interviewing the person or people who know her.
an investigator manipulates (IV) or alters some aspect of the environment to see how this affects the behavior (outcome) of the sample of individuals studied
the variable manipulated so that its causal effects can be assessed
The measurable effect, outcome, or response in which the research is interested.
assigning participants to experimental and control groups by chance
all factors other than the independent variable are controlled or held constant so that they cannot contribute to differences among the treatment groups
determining whether two or more variables are related in a systematic way.
an index of the extent to which individuals' scores on one variable are systematically associated with their scores on another variable.
the direction of the cause-effect relationship could be the reverse of what the researcher thinks it is.
third variable problem
The association between the two variables of interest may be caused by some third variable.
the results of multiple studies addressing the same question can be synthesized to produce overall conclusions through the research
the performance of different people of different age groups or cohorts are compared
is a group of individuals born at the same time, either in the same year or within a specified span of years
the relationship between age and a particular aspect of development
the effects of being born as a member of a particular cohort or generation in a particular historical context.
one cohort of individuals is assessed repeatedly over time
time of measurement effects
the effects of historical events and trends occurring when the data are collected
combines the cross-sectional and longitudinal in a single study
the belief that one's own group and it's culture are superior
the standards of conduct that investigators are ethically bound to honor to protect their research participants from physical or psychological harm.