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History exam 2
Terms in this set (27)
We are 2 parts ming and reflex.
What is it that Descartes said about reflexes.
Exploring the separation of the two.
What is it that Descartes said about, mind-body, that was so important?
I think so I am. I am stuck being who I am.
What is it that Descartes said about self-knowledge that was so important?
British Empiricist Philosophy , Mainstream Science.
E.G. Boring believed what 2 parts of Psychology made up New Psychology?
We started life with a blank slate of a bind.
John Locke was a British Empiricist that believed our mind was?
Radical empiricism-- tabula rasa
Primary qualities -- sensation: motion, solidarity (in
Secondary qualities (reflection): colors, tastes, sounds (organisms contribute).
John Locke was a British Empiricist that believed in what qualities?
sensation: motion, solidarity (in
John Locke Primary qualities?
(reflection): colors, tastes, sounds (organisms contribute).
John Locke secondary qualities.
questioned reality of primary qualities
Bishop George Berkeley questioned?
questioned existence of self, causality
impressions-- sensations, passions (motives), emotions
ideas--faint forms of impressions
Similarity and contiguity as basic laws of association
David Hume Questioned?
David Hume made an example with what game?
-mental chemistry; an experimental science
of mind is possible
--human nature - meteorology analogy-probabilities and
--equality of sexes--a "sound psychology" would help establish it
John Stuart Mill thought.
A Return to Common Sense
The Scottish School thought
an external world, causality, and the self as an active
manipulator (vs. Hume's unnatural world).
common sense" belief in
1. My awareness indicates a being-- MYSELF, my MIND, my PERSON (self)
2. Our senses give us information about real external objects
3. We have a degree of power over our actions (causality)
This is the "psychology" that was represented at most American colleges in the 19th century
The Scottish School,
Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)
-- nativism- prepared for perception and cognition.
-- a priori ideas about causality, time and space.
Our Continental Rationalists ?
1st systematic view of nervous system—led to conception of reflex action.
Charles Bell, and Francois Magendie discovered?
--measured velocity of nervous impulse—found it
was not instantaneous.
Discovered consistent brain damage to an area of the left temporal lobe of the brain, several centimeters behind Broca's area.
Sometimes "accidents" can be very informative. What do the cases of Broca's Tan teach us?
It was possible for Harlow to trace events from the initial brain injury to the resulting psychological outcome.
Sometimes "accidents" can be very informative. What do the cases of Phineas Gage teach us?
the detailed study of the shape and size of the cranium as a supposed indication of character and mental abilities.
What is phrenology?
Gustav Fechner's law.
significance of 10-22-1850
Weber-Fechner Law in Elementes der Psychophysik
Fechner was influenced by Weber's work
What was Fechner's unique contribution in the history of psychology?
Unit of measurement, desire for mind/body union
What are thresholds and JNDs?
is the use of response time in perceptual-motor tasks to infer the content, duration, and temporal sequencing of cognitive operations.
What was the role of "mental chronometry" in the early development of psychology?
when did Wundt start his lab?
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