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Terms in this set (27)
Freedoms of Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition. Rights of freedom of religion (prohibits establishment of one religion over another by law, practicing religion freely), freedom of expression, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, and freedom of the press.
Right to Bear Arms. A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.
Lodging Troops in Private Homes. Quartering of Soldiers prohibited during peacetime. Soldiers should be quartered at a civilian home only with the owners permission.
Search and Seizure. Freedom from seizure of property, arrests and searches without a specific warrant.
Rights of the Accused. Prohibits trial for a crime except on indictment of a Grand Jury and double jeopardy, prohibits punishment without legal procedures and taking away of private property without adequate compensation.
Right to Speedy Trial. Right to a public and speedy trial by an impartial jury, to confront the witnesses against the accused and to have a legal attorney in defense of the accused.
Trial by Jury in Civil Cases. In civil lawsuits involving more than $20, the right to a jury trial is guaranteed. An appeals court cannot change a verdict because it disagrees with the decision of a jury, it can set aside a verdict only if legal errors have been made.
Bail and Punishment. Prohibits imposing cruel, unusual punishments and fines, prohibits granting excessive bails.
Powers Reserved for the People. Assures the recognition of those rights that people may have but are not listed here.
Powers Reserved for the States. Provides that the powers that are not given to the United States nor prohibited by the constitution are reserved to the states respectively or to the people.
Suits Against States. Federal Courts do not have the power to hear suits brought against the state by the citizens of another state or by foreigners. A citizen can, however, sue a state government in a state court.
Election of Chief Executives. Specifies the procedure for electing the president and the vice president of the US separately by ballot votes.
Abolition of Slavery and Enforcement. Establishes the abolishment of slavery from the US and all places that fall under its jurisdiction. Congress can pass laws to carry out this amendment.
Definition of Citizenship, Apportionment of Representatives, Penalty for Participating in Rebellion, Confederate Debt and Enforcement. Broadly defines the parameters of the US citizenship, prohibits the states from reducing or diminishing the privileges of citizens and emphasizes their right to due process and the equal protection under the law.
Voting Rights and Enforcement. The citizens' right to vote shall not be denied by the states or the federal government on the basis of race, color, or previous status of servitude.
Income Tax. Authorizes the federal government to collect taxes on income without apportionment. (Changes Article 1, Section 3, Clause 4)
Direct Election of Senators. Establishes the direct election of the senators to the United States Senate. (Changes Article 1, Section 3)
Prohibition, Enforcement Limited Time for Ratification. Prohibits the manufacture, sale, transportation, import or export of intoxicating beverages within the US and all the territories falling under its jurisdiction. (Repealed by the 21st Amendment)
Women's Suffrage and Enforcement. Establishes that the citizens' right to vote shall not be denied on the basis of their gender or sex.
Terms of President, Vice President, and Congress, Sessions in Congress and Presidential Succession. States in detail the terms of office that the President, Vice President, Senators, and Representatives shall hold. If a President-elect dies before taking office, the Vice President-elect will become the President.
Repeal of Prohibition and State Laws. Repeals the 18th Amendment. Prohibits the importation of intoxicating beverages.
Presidential Term Limits. Establishes that the Presidential term is limited to two years and a person shall be elected to the presidential office only once.
Voting Rights for the District of Columbia and Enforcement. Allows the representation of the District of Columbia in the Presidential elections.
Abolition of Poll Taxes and Enforcement. Prohibits the non-payment of poll tax or other tax as a basis of denial of the right to vote.
Presidential Succession, Vacancies in the Vice Presidency, Disability of the President and Vice President as Acting President. The Vice President shall become President in case the President is removed from office or in the case of his death.
Voting Age and Enforcement. Prohibits the federal government or the state from denying any citizen who is 18 years or above, the right to vote.
Congressional Pay Increases. Establishes that any law that increases or decreases the Congressional pay shall not be put to effect until the next term of office of the representatives begins.