show a relationship between the subject of the sentence and a noun or adjective being linked to it. Most common are forms of the verb to be: am, is, are, was, were, being, been. Others: appear, become, feel, grow, look, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, and turn. A word that describes or gives more information about a verb, adjective, adverb, typically express manner, place, time, frequency, degree, level of certainty, etc., answering questions such as how?, in what way?, when?, where?, and to what extent?. First, it will contain a subject and verb. Next, it will begin with a relative pronoun [who, whom, whose, that, or which] or a relative adverb [when, where, or why]. Finally, it will function as an adjective, answering the questions What kind? How many? or Which one? Ex. Diane felt manipulated by her beagle Santana, whose big, brown eyes pleaded for another cookie. Personal pronouns are used in place of nouns referring to specific people or things, for example I, me, mine, you, yours, his, her, hers, we, they, or them. 1. They help the reader to distinguish between homophones (homophones have the Same sound but different meaning and different spelling and there are loads of these nightmare words in English) in/inn, be/bee,to/too/two, know/no, whole/hole, knot/not,
2. A silent letter can help us work out the meaning of the word and it also can change the pronunciation even though it's silent - sin/sign, rat/rate
3. Magic 'e' - if you add 'e' at the end of short vowel sound words it elongates the sound - rid/ride, cop/cope, hat/hate, tap/tape, at/ate, mat/mate, ( check out my magic 'e' video - click here ).
4. Sometimes people might pronounce certain letters or they might not depending on their accent, for example the t in 'often' can be pronounced or not.
Add -es. Rule: If a singular noun ends in a vowel plus y or the consonants l, r, n, d, z, j, s, x, or ch, add -es. If a singular noun ends in z, you must change the z to a c before adding -es. ex. Nouns ending in -s, -sh, -ch or -x form the plural by adding -es to the singular.
Class (singular), classes (plural)
Most nouns ending in -o also form their plural by adding -es to the singular.
Mango (singular), mangoes (plural)