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vena cavae

largest vein in the body. returns blood to the right of the heart


procedure in which a surgeon withdraws fluid from the pericardial space by means of a needle inserted percutaneously into the space

valves of the heart

Tricuspid Valve, Mitral (Bicuspid) Valve, Pulmonary Semilunar Valve, Aortic Semilunar Valve

types of nonivasive test

echocardiography or cardiography. test performed outside of the body

angiography codes located where


cardiovascular system subsection

contains diagnostic and therapeutic codes divided based on wheter it was performed on the heart/pericardium or on the arteries/veins

entering hte body to make a correction

invasive; cut into

what is embolus

a mass of undissolved matter in the blood that transported by blood current

natural pacemaker

sinoatrial node

coding for selective catheter placement how is it done

placement of a catheter into a vein and its manipulation or moving to second order vein or farther (to the farthest extent)

procedure where needle is used to withdraw fluid, leaving catheter in place to continue drainage

tube percardiostomy

what section of CPT would you use for cardiovascular

surgery, medicine, radiology

device that is inserted to electricall shock the heart


pacemaker insertion codes

based on area of the heart into which the pacemaker is inserted (the approach) 33202-3249

contraction phase of heartbeat


example of cardiac dysrrhythmia

arrhythmias, abnormal heart

how is ambulatory blood pressure monitored

24 hour with portable device for recording, analysis and interpretation/report

pacemaker insertion how many global days

90 days

catherization perfromed on cornoary arteries, which section would you find the codes

medicine/cardiovascular system

cartoid arteries supply blood to what

head and neck

oxygen poor blood from the heart to the lungs is carried by which artery

pulmonary artery

vascular injection what is not bundled

catheter, drugs, contrast media.

what is bundle

local anesthesia, into. of needle or catheter, injection of contrast media, pre and post injection

device used to detect caridac arrhythmias

holter monitoring

modifier you would append to the physician component of a cardiac catheterization procedure if the catheterization laboratory is hospital based



a fibrous and membranous sac surrounds the heart


radiographic recording of the heart or heart walls or surrounding tissues

heart valve located between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart

mitral valve

tetralogy of Fallot

a congenital malfunction of the heart involving four distinct defects
1. pulmonary artery stenosis 2. ventricle septal defect 3. shift of the aorta to the right 4. hypertrophy of the right ventricle

what is distole

relaxation phase of the heart beat

tissue lacking oxygen often exhbit a blue color called



instrument to measure blood pressure

combining form meaing vein

phleb/o, ven/o, ven/i

combining form meaning chest

steth/o, thorac/o

combining form meaning yellowish plaque


doppler ultrasound

a study that uses sound for detection of blood flow within the vessels


A nitrate drug used in the treatment of angina

polyunsaturated fats

(vegetable origin) such as corn and sunflower oil, decreases cholesterol in the blood


an abnormal blowing or swishing sound heard during auscultation of an artery or organ.

intracoronary brachytherapy

use of radioactive substances as a therapy for in-stent restenosis of a coronary vessel

extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)

technique used in conjuction with a corporeal cirrculation machine

beta blocker

Drug that is used for the treatment of high blood pressure (hypertension), chest pain (angina), and abnormal rhythms of the heart (arrhythmias).

arteriovenous fistula

direct communication (passage) between an artery and vein


Vibration felt on touching the body over an area of turmoil in blood flow (as a blocked artery)

cardiac tamponade

Pressure on the heart caused by fluid in the pericardial space


electric shock to the heart to restore normal rhythm

saturated fats

increase cholesterol in blood (animal origin; milk, butter & meats)

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