Terms in this set (14)
What kind of fungal infection is mucormycosis?
exam*: Large (6-30 µm) branching, nonseptate hyphae found in
MUCORMYCOSIS - DEEP FUNGAL INFECTION; can't do a smear; they're growing in the CT
Common in uncontrolled diabetics (#1 group of people who get this!!******) and immunocompromised individuals - pt was diabetic
Radical surgical debridement - the dead tissue has to come out!!! ( TAKE IT OUT TAKE IT OUT !!! )
Systemic antifungal: Amphotericin B
Just like histoplasmosis
Control underlying disease ( diabetes need to be controlled )
Prognosis is poor b/c it gets into cranial vault
40%-50% of patients die
Treatment and prognosis for MUCORMYCOSIS disease - the 2 most important treatments ?
Large (6-30 µm) branching, nonseptate hyphae - had this in question stem
Mucormycosis is caused by one of four genera of mucoromycotina. List the 4.
Zygomycosis & Phycomycosis
Mucormycosis is also known as what else?
Organisms are found in decaying organic material —> spores are liberated into the air and inhaled
Etiology/Pathogenesis of mucormycosis
What 2 patient populations are most susceptible to mucormycosis?
Bloody nasal discharge
Facial pain or headache
Involvement of the cranial vault —> blindness, lethargy, seizures & death
Massive tissue destruction → palatal perforation, swelling of maxillary alveolar process, opacification of the sinuses
Clinical presentation of mucormycosis
What other disease, other than mucormycosis, can cause palatal perforation?
Extensive tissue destruction and necrosis
Large (6-30 µm) branching, nonseptate hyphae
Light microscopic findings of
Radical surgical debridement
-Control underlying disease
-Prognosis is poor :(
•40%-50% of patients die
Treatment and prognosis of mucormycosis
Pharyngotonsillitis - wanted this; gave CF and said not enterovirus and no lymphocytosis (so not mono)
Primary infection in adults