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ANTH 1010, Test 1 terms
Terms in this set (54)
the study of human nature, society, and past
A group of people organized into social relationships to perform certain tasks such as feeding and defending themselves and raising children
The feeling of being disoriented or scared when one can not find familiar cultural behaviors or cues in a new setting
Subfields of Anthropology
Physical Anthropology, Archaeology, Linguistic Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Applied Anthropology
group within society that maintains subculture based on religion, language, common origin, or ancestral traditions.
Constantly comparing other cultures to your own and using that as the standard of "normal" or "civilized
a description of culture by observing what they do, listening to what they say, and examining the objects that they make.
biological differences between populations, while "culture" and "ethnic group" refer to learned behavioral differences between groups.
Learning a culture through years/long period of time of experience with it.
interest in underlying pattern of culture, comparison of ethnographic info on many different groups.
The learned, shared understandings among a group of people about how to behave and what everything means.
Over time, learning more and more behaviors of a non-native culture and assimilating to that culture
scientific definition = a statement that explains the relationship among phenomena
19th Century Evolutionism
Societies pass through preordained stages (simple -> complex)
Psychic Unity: belief in same fundamental mental abilities of people Ancient Societies (1877)
Concept of 3 evolutionary periods
Savagery, barbarism, civilization
Need writing/literacy to be civilization.
What is biology and what is cultural?
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