Positioning Chapter 14
Terms in this set (66)
The kidneys are _____ structures.
The ureters enter the _____ aspect of the bladder.
The ureters lie on the _______ surface of each psoas major muscle.
The kidneys lie at a _____ angle in relation to the coronal plane.
An abnormal drop of more than _____ inches, or _____ cm, in the position of the kidneys when the patient is erect is called _____?
The buildup of nitrogenous waste in the blood creates a condition called _____?
How much urine is normally produced by the kidneys in 24 hours?
The renal veins connect directly to the _____?
inferior vena cava
The 8 to 10 conical masses found within the renal medulla are called the _____?
The major calyces of the kidney unite to form the _____?
The microscopic unit of the kidney is called the _____?
About ________ % of the glomerular filtrate is processed by the nephron is reabsorbed into the kidney's venous system.
The _____ and _____ are located primarily in the medulla of the kidney.
loop of Henle
The three constricted points along the length of the ureters where a kidney stone is most likely to lodge are:
brim of pelvis
The inner, posterior triangular aspect of the bladder is attached to the floor of the pelvis is called _____?
List two classes of iodinated contrast media used for urinary studies:
The normal range of creatinine in an adult is:
How long must a patient be withheld from taking metformin after an iodinated contrast media procedure?
At what angle is the needle advanced into the vein during venipuncture?
hHow long should the venipuncture site be cleaned with an alcohol wipe before needle insertion?
How high should the tourniquet be places above the puncture site?
What is the normal range for a patient's BUN?
Which of the following drugs may be given to minimize the risk for acute renal failure following a contrast media procedure?
Metformin is a drug given to patients with:
The _____ glands are located directly superior to the kidneys?
Which structures create a 20 degree angle between the upper pole and the lower pole of the kidney?
What is the specific name for the mass of fat that surrounds each kidney?
Which two landmarks can be palpated to locate the kidneys?
The longitudinal fissure found along the central medial border of the kidney is called _____?
The peripheral or outer portion of the kidney is called the _____?
The term that described the total functioning portion of the kidney is _____?
The microscopic functional and structural unit of the kidney is the _____?
The ______ arteriols carry blood to the glomeruli.
The _____ arteriols carry blood away from the glomeruli.
What is another name for the glomerular capsule?
Which structure of the medulla is made up of a collection of tubules that drain into the minor calyx?
What is the name of the junction found between the distal ureters and urinary bladder?
What is the name of the small gland that is found just below the male bladder?
The total capacity for the average adult bladder is:
Intravenous contrast media may be administered by either:
The bevel of the needle needs to be facing _____ during the actual puncture into a vein.
Any disruption in the physiologic functions of the body that may lead to a contrast media reaction is the basis for the:
The leakage of contrast media from a vessel into the surrounding soft tissues is called _____?
What are the retroperitoneal structures of the urinary system?
What are the infraperitoneal structures of the urinary system?
What structure is a part of the inside of the kidney and under the cortex?
What is a percutaneous puncture of a vein for withdraw of blood or for the injection of a solution?
What type of contrast is used for readiographic exams of the urinary system?
water-soluble, iodinated contrast
Which area is ideal to find veins for most IV urograms?
Veins found in the antecubital fossa that are commonly used during venipuncture include:
What do you do if extravasation of contrast media occurs?
cold compress followed by warm
What is the opacifying agent found in ionic contrast?
What is the common protocol for premedicating a patient for a contrast study of the urinary system?
benadryl and prednisone
What is a nonallergic reaction that does not typically require drug intervention or medical assistance?
A true allergic reaction (anaphylactic reaction), is considered a _____?
A life-threatening reaction is considered _____?
What is the purpose of an IVU?
visualize the collection portion of the urinary system, & assess the functional ability of the kidneys
How is contrast delivered for a retrograde urography?
retrograde through a urinary catheter in surgery
Why would we do obliques during an IVU?
to visualize the ureter free of superimposition from the spine
Where is the CR directed for an AP or PA postvoid Radiograph?
level of the iliac crest
What is the positioning to see the right kidney parallel to the IR?
30 degrees LPO
What is the positioning to see the left kidney parallel to the IR?
30 degrees RPO
What type of contrast has high osmality?
What type of contrast has low osmality?
Where is the CR centered for a cystogram?
2 inches superior to the symphysis pubis
What is the tube angle for an AP Cystogram?
10-15 degrees caudad
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Positioning Exam 4
Advanced Imaing Urinary System
Chapter 14 Urinary System and Venipuncture
Procedures III: Chapter 14 Urinary System and Venipuncture
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Comprehensive Review- Anatomy/Procedures/Pathology
Pediatric Positioning Chapter 16
Digital Radiographic Image Processing and Manipulation: Chapter Three
Creating the Beam: Chapter 3 Physics