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AmLit Exam I
Terms in this set (39)
A method an author uses to let readers know more about the characters and their personal traits.
Ex: "The patient boy and quiet girl were both well mannered and did not disobey their mother."
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
Ex: I could hear the popping and crackling as mom dropped the bacon into the frying pan, and soon the salty, greasy smell wafted toward me.
A comparison using "like" or "as"
Ex: As cute as a kitten
Metaphor (extended metaphor)
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
Ex: had fallen through a trapdoor of depression
Extended Metaphor Ex: "But soft! What light through yonder window breaks? It is the East, and Juliet is the sun! Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon, Who is already sick and pale with grief."
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
Ex: "the leaves waved in the wind", "the ocean heaved a sigh" or "the Sun smiled at us".
Repetition of initial consonant sounds
Ex: "She sells sea-shells down by the sea-shore"
A narrative device that hints at coming events; often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.
Ex: "The leaves fell early that year." This is a line in Ernest Hemingway's opening line of A Farewell to Arms that foreshadows an early death.
the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
situational: compares what is expected to happen with what actually does happen
verbal: where what you mean to say is different from the words you use
dramatic: uses a narrative to give the audience more information about the story than the character knows
A literary work that criticizes human misconduct and ridicules vices, stupidities, and follies; mocking
the perspective from which a story is told; who is speaking?
Most important point the author makes
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character
Ex: airy, comic, condescending, facetious, funny, heavy, intimate, ironic, light, playful, sad, serious, sinister, solemn, somber, threatening.
A writer's or speaker's choice of words; style of speech
The rhetorical triangle (speaker, audience, message)
Message (central message):
is when an argument is constructed based on the ethics or credibility of the person making the argument
Ex: A commercial about a specific brand of toothpaste says that 4 out of 5 dentists use it.
Appeal to emotion
Ex: "I'm not just invested in this community - I love every building, every business, every hard-working member of this town."
Appeal to logic
Ex: "The data is perfectly clear: this investment has consistently turned a profit year-over-year, even in spite of market declines in other areas."
refers to the opportune time and/or place--that is, the right or appropriate time to say or do the right or appropriate thing
'what it was made for'; purpose; intend; end; goal
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause
Ex: Building a mental image - A politician will present an image of what the world would be like with immigration or crime so that the voters will think of that image and believe that voting for him will reduce that threat.
Placement of two things closely together to emphasize comparisons or contrasts
Ex:Beauty and ugliness
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
refers to a line consisting of four iambic feet. The word "tetrameter" simply means that there are four feet in the line; iambic tetrameter is a line comprising four iambs
Ex: "I wandered, lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o'er dales and hills
When, all at once, I saw a crowd
A host of golden daffodils."
The Iambic trimeter is a meter of poetry consisting of three iambic units (each of two feet) per line.
Ex: The only news I know
cause (two people or things) to be joined in a close relationship
a statement that seems contradictory but is actually true
Ex: You can save money by spending it
Conversation between characters
Expresses an action done by its subject.
Ex: Harry ate six shrimp at dinner
The subject of the sentence receives the action.
Ex: At dinner, six shrimp were eaten by Harry
Reclusive New England poet who wrote about love, death, and immortality
Maria Amparo Ruiz de Burton
Booker T Washington
Founded Tuskegee Institute; Believed in vocational education
Education is important, but demand rights now
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