Cells and organism
Terms in this set (50)
the basic unit of all living things
a single celled organism that is able to move by itself
consisting of many cells
an organism that is made up of many cells that processes its own food through photosynthesis
liquid inside a living cell
boundary that surrounds a cell and controls what enters and leaves the cell
found in the nucleus of a cell
the process in which a cell splits in two
the center of an atom including protons and neutrons
tiny cavity in the cytoplasm of a plant cell
the process in which plants and some other organisms
stiff structure that surrounds and protects a cell
to take in matter or energy
a green pigment that traps energy from the sun
used to power any cell process
the basic unit of heredity in a living organism
the process by which a less specialized cell such as a stem becomes specialized cell such as a blood cell
a group of tissues that performs a complex function in a body
a group of cells that work together to carry out a particular task in an organism
a group of organs that work together to perform one or more functions
an individual living thing
an organelle in eukaryotic cells that is the site of cellular respiration
an organelle in a plant that turns energy from the sun into chemical energy for the plant to use
the theory that organisms are made out of one or more cells
In 1839 he concluded that all tissues are made up of cells(he started the development of the cell theory)
he was the co founder for cell theory
known for his achievements of in developing the cell theory
he is known for his book for applying the word cell to describe the basic unit of life
individual microscopic organism with no nucleus
having complex cells in which the genetic material is contained inside a nucleus
a network of membranous tubules
a complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytoplasm of most Eukaryotic cells
an organelle in the in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells containing
an undifferentiated cell of a multi cellular organism that is capable of giving rise to indefinitely more cells of the same type
the transplantation of normal genes into cells
a feature of an organism
a tightly would bundle of DNA and proteins found in the nucleus of most living cells
something that prompts a change in an organism's behavior
an organism's reaction to a stimulus
all the living and non living things that surround an organism
the movement of a group of organism's from one place to another
What do animal cells include?
Nucleus, Centrioles, RIbosomes, golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum, and mitochondria.
What does a plant cell have?
Nucleus, centrioles, chloroplasts, ribosomes, golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, and a large central vacuole.
What does DNA stand for?
What does ATP stand for?
Cytoplasm has a structure of what?
Cell membrane has a structure of what?
What do both plant and animal cells do?
they both produce carbon dioxide as waste.
True or false: animal cells consume food in the form of other organisms.
yes or no: plant cells convert the sun's energy into sugars