CL ST 275 Exam 1
Terms in this set (21)
Mycenaean Cyclopean wall on Acropolis
fortification wall in Cyclopean masonry (late in LH IIIB, late 13th cent.)
Geometric cremation burials
Early Iron Age Athens: ca. 1100-700
mostly burials & wells
cremation "urns"- belly-amphoras neck-amphora
Dipylon Gate at Kerameikos, Late Geometric, 8thc
The Dipylon Master was an ancient Greek vase painter who was active from around 760-750 BC. He worked in Athens, where he and his workshop produced large funerary vessels for those interred in the Dipylon Gate cemetery, whence his name comes. His work belongs to the very late stage of the Geometric Style
Altar of the Twelve Gods
famous in antiquity as a place of asylum and refuge; was placed near the middle of the Agora square; Pesistratos set up this building
Discovery of the supply line which brought water ti the building as well as overflow pipes leading out from the small chambers; considered a social centre when women would go there and collect water.
Ancient Greek statue of a cow-bearer (carries calf on shoulders)
Mid-6th cent. Temple to Athena or Bluebeard Temple pedimental sculpture
Large temple, (probably) dedicated to Athena
Herakles and Sea God wrestling, triple bodies blue beard
Statue of a girl wearing a heavy woolen garment, with her arm hanging tight to her body and the other holding something.
Birth of Athena
is "born" from Zeus's forehead as a result of him having swallowed her mother Metis
Attributes of Athena
guardian of the city-state/polis
forefront of war; fighter in battle; goddess of war
Large ceramic vessels that contained the olive-oil given as prizes in the panathenaic games; had different olympic games on the side.
The senate house; built to accommodate the members of the senate; 500 senators, 50 from each of the ten new tribes.
headquarters of the king archon; overlooking the open square and the panathenaic way.
Agora boundary stones
placed at the entrances, wherever a street led into the open square; consist of a simple vertical shaft of marble with an inscription on the face; religious and practical
A form of text that are scratched into the surface of a sherd; people normally include a candidates name on the sherd.
Temple of Athena Polias/Archaios Neos
Until its destruction by the Persians in 480 BC, it was the shrine of Athena Polias, the patron deity of the city of Athens. It was located at the center of the Acropolis
Pedimental sculpture from Temple of Athena Polias/Archaios Neos
is part of a Gigantomachy, the struggle between Gods and Giants, eventually won by the Gods. The central figure depicts the goddess Athena wearing an aegis covered with scales and edged by snakes obtained from a monster she previously defeated.
associated with the name of Kimon; was a typical Athenian dedication which consisted of a simple rectangular shaft with a set of male genitalia.
Along the north side of the Agora; decorated with a series of large paintings...part of which those who fought at Marathon. Provided shelter and a place to meet just off of the Agora square.
God of the forge, and Athena, goddess of arts and crafts, were worshipped together; overlooking the commercial centre of the city; converted to a christian church
Deeds of Theseus
Slays Minotaur to halt sending of Athenian boys and girls for king minos; home-grown Ionian Hero