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36 terms

Ethics 9

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Doing something virtuous once is not being virtuous; it must be done as a matter of habit.
What does Aristotle mean by saying that "One swallow does not make a summer"?
Since he was a student of Plato, shouldn't the theory of Forms be featured more prominently?
The textbook asks three questions of Aristotle concerning his theory of virtue. Which one should not be included?
False
Christian scholars kept studying the works of Aristotle until he was rediscovered by Arab thinkers.
True
There is a discrepancy between Aristotle's list of virtues and vices and the Catholic list of cardinal virtues and sins.
true
According to a teleological explanation, giraffes have long necks so that they can reach high branches.
False
In Njal'sSaga, the little boy Thord is rescued at the last minute by Flosi's son.
False
Aristotle served as a powerful inspiration for Thomas Aquinas, because Aristotle was Aquinas's teacher. When Aristotle died, Aquinas opened up his own school, based on Aristotle's principles of teaching.
True
According to Aristotle, there are some instances in which a brave man ought not to fear death.
True
For Aristotle, we are morally good if we are capable of choosing the mean between extremes.
NOT: Sir Thomas More, in A Man for All Seasons, Socrates, in the Apology
Who made the following statement? "With what sort of terrible things, then, is the brave man concerned? Surely with the greatest, for no one is more likely than he to stand his ground against what is awe-inspiring. Now death is the most terrible of all things; for it is the end, and nothing is thought to be any longer either good or bad for the dead. But the brave man would
true
According to Aristotle, we determine what a thing's purpose is by investigating what the thing in question does best.
True
To Aristotle, virtue means acting with excellence.
NOT: They rush out to meet Flosi and his men, weapon in hand, and are hacked down on their own doorstep., They kneel down and pray until they succumb to smoke inhalation., They try to fight off the flames as long as possible.
In Njal'sSaga, how do Njal and Bergthora choose to meet their deaths?
using irony.
According to Aristotle, if you have a deficiency of truthfulness, you are
True
Every action and emotion has a mean, a deficiency, and an excess.
True
Aristotle was accused of the same crime as Socrates.
habitually using one's reason during contemplation
What is, to Aristotle, the ultimate form of human happiness?
false
Today the assumption that everything has a purpose is commonly accepted.
false
Aristotle was one of Socrates' most brilliant students.
true
For Christian ethics, the moral rightness of following God's laws became more important than the belief in the human ability to shape one's own character.
Greek mythology
What is the origin of the story of Icarus?
true
During the 2004 Presidential campaign, focus uniquely veered away from the candidates' character traits and emphasized the candidates' military record and/or anti-terrorism policy.
false
According to Aristotle, everything has a function in the order of things, except fleas and snakes.
true
For Aristotle, we are morally good if we are capable of choosing the mean between extremes.
NOT: We are obliged to live as good citizens among other people, We are obliged to preserve our lives, We are obliged to procreate within marriage
Thomas Aquinas sees four elements to his natural law theory, encompassing God's purpose for humans. Which one shouldn't be on the list?
fasle
Aristotle served as a powerful inspiration for Thomas Aquinas, because Aristotle was Aquinas's teacher. When Aristotle died, Aquinas opened up his own school, based on Aristotle's principles of teaching.
True
For Aristotle, true happiness is to be found in contemplation.
False
Christian scholars kept studying the works of Aristotle until he was rediscovered by Arab thinkers.
NOT: in the nineteenth century, during the Renaissance
During which time period did the West rediscover the writings of Aristotle?
True
For Aristotle, the Forms have no existence outside the world of things.
NOT: the material cause
Aristotle's theory of causation includes four causes; identify the one that doesn't belong on the list.
True
In Njal'sSaga, Njal's wife and grandson choose to stay with him and are burned alive.
True
In Singer's "A Piece of Advice," Baruch's father-in-law is told by a rabbi to pretend to be a peaceful, humble man.
True
For Aristotle, the Forms have no existence outside the world of things.
True
There is a discrepancy between Aristotle's list of virtues and vices and the Catholic list of cardinal virtues and sins.
True
For Christian ethics, the moral rightness of following God's laws became more important than the belief in the human ability to shape one's own character.