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91 terms

Anatomical Terms from Martini Chapters 1-3

Martini -- Chapters 1-3
STUDY
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cranial
Skull
cephallic
head area
buccal
cheek
otic
ear
nasal
nose
oral
mouth
mental
chin
ocular
eye
frontal
forehead
cervical
neck
facial
Face
antecubital
anterior surface of elbow
antebrachial
the forearm
palmar
palm
carpal
wrist
pollex
thumb
manual
hand
axillary
armit
brachial
arm
olecranal
posterior surface of elbow
scapular
shoulder blade
digital/phalangeal
fingers/toes
acromial
highest point of the shoulder
pectoral
chest
mammary
breast
sternal
breastbone
abdominal
abdomen
umbilical
belly button
vertebral
spinal column
thoracic
region of the rib cage
dorsal
toward the back
lumbar
of or relating to or near the part of the back between the ribs and the hipbones
pubic
genital region
pelvic
of or relating to the pelvis
inguinal
of or relating to or near the groin
coxal
hip
perineal
region between the anus and external genitalia
gluteal
buttocks
femoral
Thigh
crural
anterior surface of leg, inferior to knee
patellar
kneecap
popliteal
posterior knee area
sural
calf
peroneal/fibular
lateral of leg, inferior to knee
pedal
foot
tarsal
ankle
calcaneal
heel
hallux
big toe
plantar
Sole of foot
anterior
Front
ventral
toward, on, or near the belly
dorsal
toward the back
posterior
Toward the back
cranial, cephallic
toward the head
caudal
toward the posterior end of the body
inferior
below
superior
above
medial
toward the midline
lateral
away from the midline
distal
situated farthest from point of attachment or origin, as of a limb or bone
proximal
toward the attached base
superficial
on or near the surface
deep
away from the body surface; more internal
visceral
pertaining to the internal organs
parietal
Pertaining to the outer wall of the body cavity
ipsilateral
on or relating to the same side (of the body)
bilateral
having two sides or parts
transverse
divides the body into upper and lower halves
sagittal
divides body into left and right
frontal
divides body into anterior and posterior
visceral peritoneum
inner layer of the membrane that surrounds the organs of the abdominal cavity
parietal peritoneum
outer layer of the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity
basic unit of protein
amino acids
basic unit of fat
triglycerides
basic unit of carbohydrates
monosaccharides
primary protein structure
amino acids
secondary protein structure
alpha helix and beta pleated sheets
tertiary protein structure
3-D shape of the molecule
quartenary protein structure
more than one amino acid chain
basic units of DNA and RNA
glucose, nitrogen, phosphate
nitrogens in DNA
adenine, cytosine, guanine, thymine
catonic formula of ATP
ATP+H2O=ADP+phosphate+energy
cellular respiration
glucose+ADP+P+O2=H2O+CO2+ATP
isotonic
when the concentration of two solutions is the same
hypertonic
(of a solution) having a higher osmotic pressure than a comparison solution
hypotonic
(of a solution) having a lower osmotic pressure than a comparison solution
Sodium pump moves Na _____ and K _______
out; in
phagocytosis
a type of endocytosis in which a cell engulfs large particles or whole cells
pinocytosis
A type of endocytosis in which the cell ingests extracellular fluid and its dissolved solutes.
_____ cells undergo meioses
sex cells
contact inhibition
when cells hit other cells they stop dividing