99 terms

English Vocab

STUDY
PLAY
ramshackle
1. appearing ready to collapse
2. carelessly or loosely constructed
to ratchet
1. to cause to move by steps or degrees —usually used with up or down tried to ratchet down the debt
2. to proceed by steps or degrees
a riff
1. a rapid energetic often improvised verbal outpouring; especially : one that is part of a comic performance
2. an ostinato phrase (as in jazz) typically supporting a solo improvisation; also : a piece based on such a phrase
a rivet
a headed pin or bolt of metal used for uniting two or more pieces by passing the shank through a hole in each piece and then beating or pressing down the plain end so as to make a second head
sapid
having flavor
a scavenger
1. a person who picks over junk or garbage for useful items
2. an animal (as a vulture) that feeds on dead or decaying material
to scowl
1. to contract the brow in an expression of displeasure
2. to exhibit a threatening aspect
a semblance
the outward appearance or apparent form of something, especially when the reality is different
to shlep
to proceed or move especially slowly, tediously, awkwardly, or carelessly
a shoal
a sandbank or sandbar that makes the water shallow
to sidle
1. to go or move with one side foremost especially in a furtive advance
2. to cause to move or turn sideways
to splash
1. to strike and dash about a liquid or semiliquid substance
2. to dash a liquid or thinly viscous substance upon or against
spoor
1. a track, a trail, a scent, or droppings especially of a wild animal
2. a trace by which the progress of someone or something may be followed
to stagger
1. to reel from side to side
2. to cause to doubt or hesitate
stalwart
marked by outstanding strength and vigor of body, mind, or spirit stalwart common sense
to stomp
to walk with a loud heavy step usually in anger
sturdy
1. firmly built or constituted
2. marked by or reflecting physical strength or vigor
to stymy
1. to stop (someone) from doing something or to stop (something) from happening
2. to present an obstacle to : stand in the way of
imperious
1. befitting or characteristic of one of eminent rank or attainments
2. commanding, dominant
a juggernaut
a massive inexorable force, campaign, movement, or object that crushes whatever is in its path
a kiln
an oven, furnace, or heated enclosure used for processing a substance by burning, firing, or drying
lanky
ungracefully tall and thin
to lapse
1. to depart from an accepted pattern or standard
2. to go out of existence : cease
a lien
1. a legal claim that someone or something has on the property of another person until a debt has been paid back
to lope
to run in a relaxed way with long strides
a madrigal
1. a medieval short lyrical poem in a strict poetic form
2. a complex unaccompanied vocal piece on a secular text developed especially in the 16th and 17th centuries
a nematode
any of a major group of long cylinder-shaped worms that are parasites in animals or plants or live in soil or water -- called also roundworm
nigh
near in place, time, or relationship
oviparous
producing eggs that develop and hatch outside the maternal body
a paddock
1. a usually enclosed area used especially for pasturing or exercising animals
2. an enclosed area at a race track where horses, dogs, etc., are kept before a race
a palindrome
a word, verse, or sentence that reads the same backward or forward
parasol
a lightweight umbrella used as a sunshade
to parch
1. to toast under dry heat
2. to shrivel with heat
3. to dry shrivel with cold
to ply
1. to use or wield diligently
2. to practice or perform diligently
a predicament
condition, state; especially : a difficult, perplexing, or trying situation
a proxy
1. a person who is given the power or authority to do something (such as to vote) for someone else
Abridged
1: to reduce in scope, diminish
2: to shorten in duration or extent
3: to shorten by omission of words without sacrifice of sense, condense
To accede
1: to become a party (as to an agreement)
2: to express approval or give consent, give in to a request or demand
3: to enter upon an office or position
An adage
a saying often in metaphorical form that embodies a common observation
Agile
1: marked by ready ability to move with quick easy grace
2: having a quick resourceful and adaptable character
An atoll
a coral island consisting of a reef surrounding a lagoon
A bastion
1: a projecting part of a fortification
2: a fortified area or position
3: something that is considered a stronghold
To berate
to scold or condemn vehemently and at length
A bivouac
1: an usu. temporary encampment under little or no shelter
2: an encampment usu. for a night, a temporary shelter or settlement
To bluster
1: a violent or boisterous blowing
2: violent commotion
3: loudly boastful or threatening speech
A bog
wet spongy ground; a poorly drained usu. acid area rich in accumulated plant material, frequently surrounding a body of open water, and having a characteristic flora
A brassard
1: armor for protecting the arm
2: a cloth band worn around the upper arm usu. bearing an identifying mark
Byplay
action engaged in on the side while the main action proceeds (as during a dramatic production)
A cascade
1: a steep usu. small fall of water esp. one of a series
2: something arranged or occurring in a series or succession of stages so that each stage derives from or acts upon the product of the proceeding, a fall of material that hangs in a zigzag line
3: something falling or rushing forth in quantity
A cistern
1: an artificial reservoir (as an under-chest), for storing liquids and esp. water (as rainwater)
2: a large usu. silver vessel formerly used (as in cooling wine) at the dining table
3: a fluid-containing sac or cavity in an organism
Clandestine
marked by, held in, or conducted with secrecy
To coddle
1: to cook (as eggs) in liquid slowly and gently just below the boiling point
2: to treat with extreme care
To coerce
1: to restrain or dominate by force
2: to compel to an act or choice
3: to bring about by force or threat
Collusion
secret agreement or cooperation esp. for and illegal or deceitful purpose
A cranium
the part that encloses the brain
To dabble
1: to paddle, splash, or play as if in water, to reach with the bill to the bottom of shallow water in order to obtain food
2: to work or involve oneself superficially or intermittently esp. in a secondary activity or interest
Daft
1: silly, foolish, mad, insane
2: frivolously gay
Dandy
1: a man who gives exaggerated attention to personal appearance
2: something excellent in its class
A dandy
1. a man who gives exaggerated attention to personal appearance
2. something excellent in its class
Dapper
1: neat and trim in appearance, excessively spruce and stylish
2: alert and lively in movement and manners
A dike
1: an artificial watercourse, ditch
2: a bank usu. of earth constructed to control or confine water, a barrier preventing passage esp. of something undesirable
3: a raised causeway, a tabular body of igneous rock that has been injected while molten into a fissure
A din
1: to assail with a loud continued noise, esp. a welter of discordant sounds
2: a situation or condition resembling a din
To disassemble
1: to come apart
2: disperse, scatter
To discard
1: to get rid of esp. as useless or unpleasant
2: to remove (a playing card) from one's hand, to play (any card except a trump) from a suit different from the one led
To dissemble
1: to hide under a false appearance
2: to put on a false appearance, conceal facts, intentions, or feelings under some pretense
A drakkar
Ancient Viking ship
A drubbing
1. a beating; a thrashing
Dudgeon
a wood used especially for dagger hilts
To dun
1: to make persistent demands upon for payment
2: plague, pester
Dusky
1: somewhat dark in color, specifically having dark skin
2: marked by slight or deficient light, shadowy
To fluctuate
1: to shift back and forth uncertainly
2: to ebb and flow in waves
To fluster
1: to make tipsy
2: to put into a state of agitated confusion, to move or behave in an agitated or confused manner
A frock
1: an outer garment worn by monks and friars
2: an outer garment worn chiefly by men, a long loose mantle, a workman's outer shirt worn esp. by sailors
3: a woman's dress
A futon
a usu. cotton-filled mattress used on the floor or in a frame as a bed
A gait
1: a manner of walking or moving on foot
2: a sequence of foot movements (as a walk, trot, pace, or canter) by which a horse or dog moves forward
3: a manner or rate of movement or progress
To germinate
1: to come into being, evolve
2: to begin to grow
Gilt
1: gold or something that resembles gold laid on a surface
2: slang for money
3: superficial brilliance
4: a bond issued by the gov't of the US
Gruel
1: a thin porridge, 2: punishment
3. something that lacks substance or significance
A harangue
1: a speech addressed to a public assembly
2: a ranting speech or writing
Ilk
used with that esp. in the names of landed families
Imperative
1a: of, relating to, or constituting the grammatical mood that expresses the will to influence the behavior of another,
2: expressive of a commend, entreaty, or exhortation
3: having power to restrain, control, and direct
4: not to be avoided or evaded
Imperial
1: of, relating to, befitting, or suggestive of an empire or an emperor
2: sovereign
3: of superior or unusual size or excellence
To Substantiate
provide evidence to support or to prove the truth of
Syncretic
Noun: the attempted reconciliation or union of different or opposing principles or practices
Grammar: the merging
Swag
a suspended wreath, garland, drapery, or the like, fastened up at or near each end and hanging down in the middle; festoon
A Terrapin
any of several edible North American turtles of the family Emydidae, inhabiting fresh or brackish waters,
A Toll
a payment or fee exacted by the state, the local authorities, etc.
or
the extent of loss, damage, suffering, etc., resulting from some action or calamity
To Toll
to collect
to impose a tax or toll on a person
A Totem
a natural object or an animate being, as an animal or bird, assumed as the emblem of a clan, family, or group.
or
a representation of such an object serving as the distinctive mark of the clan or group.
A Trestle
a braced frame serving as a support or
a horse
A Trove
a collection of objects
The Upshot
the final issue, the conclusion, or the result
(I'm not sure if this is correct but it is all I could find).
A Varnish
Noun: a preparation consisting of resinous matter, as copal or lac, dissolved in an oil (oil varnish) or in alcohol (spirit varnish) or other volatile liquid. When applied to the surface of wood, metal, etc., it dries and leaves a hard, more or less glossy, usually transparent coating
Verb: to apply a coating of varnish to
or
to give an approved appearance to; adorn
To Vitiate
to impair or weaken the effectiveness of
or
to impair the quaility of
A Wafer
1. a thin, crisp cake or biscuit, often sweetened and flavored.

2. a thin disk of unleavened bread, used in the Eucharist, as in the Roman Catholic Church.

3. a thin disk of dried paste, gelatin, adhesive paper, or the like, used for sealing letters, attaching papers, etc.

4. Medicine/Medical. a thin sheet of dry paste or the like, used to enclose a powder to be swallowed.

5. any small, thin disk, as a washer or piece of insulation.

6. Electronics. a thin slice of semiconductor used as a base material on which single transistors or integrated-circuit components are formed.
To Wince
to draw back or tense the body, as from pain or from a blow; start; flinch
A Winch
the crank or handle of a revolving machine.
or
a windlass turned by a crank, for hoisting or hauling.
A Wretch
a deplorably unfortunate or unhappy person.
or
a person of despicable or base character.
Wretched
1. very unfortunate in condition or circumstances; miserable; pitiable.

2. characterized by or attended with misery and sorrow.

3. despicable, contemptible, or mean:
a wretched miser.

4. poor, sorry, or pitiful; worthless:
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