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General Functions of the 11 Organ Systems (Martin Chapter 1)
Terms in this set (12)
Forms the external body covering, and protects deeper tissues from injury. Synthesizes vitamin D, and houses cutaneous (pain, pressure, etc.) receptors and sweat and oil glands.
Protects and supports body organs, and provides a framework the muscles use to cause movement. Blood cells are formed within bones. Bones store minerals.
Allows manipulation of the environment, locomotion, and facial expression. Maintains posture and produces heat.
Electrical impulse driven. As a fast-acting control system of the body, it responds to the internal and external changes by activating appropriate muscles and glands.
Hormone driven. The glands secrete hormones that regulates processes such as growth, reproduction, and nutrient use (metabolism) by body cells.
Blood vessels transport blood, which carries oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, waste, etc. The heart pumps blood.
Lymphoid ) Lymphatic/Immunity
Picks up fluid leaked from blood cells and returns it to the blood. Disposes of debris in the lymphatic stream. Houses white blood cells (lymphocytes) involved in immunity. The immune response mounts the attack agains foreign substances within the body.
It keeps blood constantly supplied with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide. The gaseous exchanges occur through the wall of the air sacs of the lungs.
Breaks down food into absorbable units that enters the blood for distribution to the body cells. Indigestible foodstuffs are eliminated as feces.
Eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body. Regulates water, electrolyte and acid-base balance of the blood.
Overall function is production of offspring. Testes produce sperms and male sex hormone, and male ducts and glands aid in delivery of sperm to the female reproductive tract. Sexual intercourse.
Ovaries produce eggs and female sex hormones. Overall function is production of offspring. The remaining female structures serve as sites for fertilization and development of fetus. Mammary glands of female breasts produce milk to nourish the newborn. Sexual intercourse.
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