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The Structure of the Atom Chemistry Test

This is on the structure of the Atom
STUDY
PLAY
False
T or F? Ancient philosophers regularly performed controlled experiments
True
T or F? Philosophers formulated explanations about the nature of matter based on their own experiences
True
T or F? Both Demcritus and Dalton suggested that matter is made up of atoms
True
T or F? Dalton's atomic theory stated that atoms separate, combine, or rearrange in chemical reactions
False
T or F? Dalton's atomic theory stated that matter is mostly empty space
False
T or F? Dalton was correct in thinking that atoms could not be divided into smaller particles
True
T or F? Dalton's atomic theory stated that atoms of different elements combine in simple whole-number ratios to form coumpounds.
True
T or F? Dalton thought that all atoms of a specific element have the same mass.
False
T or F? Democritus proposed that atoms are held together by chemical bonds, but no one believed him.
True
T or F? Dalton's atomic theory was based on careful measurements and extensive research.
Rutherford
Who proposed the nuclear atomic model?
Thomson
Who determined the mass-to-charge ratio of an electron?
Millikan
Who calculated the mass of an electron?
Plum pudding model
In this model, the atom is composed of electrons (which Thomson still called "corpuscles," though G.J. Stoney had proposed that atoms of electricity be called electrons in 1894), surrounded by a soup of positive charge to balance the electron's negative charge, like plums surrounded by pudding.
Nuclear atomic model
A theory of atomic structure in which nearly all the mass is concentrated in a small nucleus, electrons surrounding the nucleus fill nearly all the atom's volume, the number of these electrons equals the atomic number, and the positive charge on the nucleus is equal in magnitude to the negative charge of the electrons
Proton (P) location
nucleus
Neutron (N) location
nucleus
Electron (e-) location
space around the nucleus
+1
What is the relative charge of a Proton?
1
What is the relative mass of a Proton?
0
What is the relative charge of a Neutron?
1
What is the relative mass of a Neuton?
-1
What is the relative charge of an Electron?
1/1840
What is the relative mass of an Electron?
False
T or F? The number of neutrons in an atom is referred to as its atomic number
True
T or F? The periodic table is arranged by increasing atomic number.
True
T or F? Atomic number is equal to the number of electrons in an atom.
True
T or F? The number of protons in an atom identifies it as an atom of a particular element.
False
T or F? Most atoms have either a positive or a negative charge.
82 protons, 82 electrons
Lead has an atomic # of 82. How many protons and electrons does lead have?
8
Oxygen has 8 electrons. How many protons does oxygen have?
30
Zinc has 30 protons. What is its atomic number?
85
Astatine has 85 protons. What is its atomic number?
104 protons, 104 electrons
Rutherfordium has an atomic # of 104. How many protons and electrons does it have?
84 protons, 84 electrons
Polonium has an atomic # of 84. How many protons and electrons does it have?
102 protons, 102 electrons
Nobelium has an atoic # of 102. How many protons and electrons does it have?
19 protons, 19 electrons, 20 neutrons
# of P, E, & N's- An isotope has atomic # 19 and mass number 39.
14 protons, 14 neutrons
# of P, E, & N's- An isotope has 14 electrons and a mass # of 28
19 protons, 19 electrons
# of P, E, & N's- An isotope has 21 neutrons and a mass # of 40
51 protons, 51 electrons, 72 neutrons
# of P, E, & N's- An isotope has an atomic # 51 and a mass # 123
smaller than the mass of a proton and a neutron, and a tiny fraction of the mass of an atom
The mass of an electron is....
1/12 the mass of a carbon-12 atom
One atomic mass unit is
both the relative abundance and the mass of each of the atom's isotopes
The atomic mass of an atom is usually not a whole # because it accounts for
indirectly
Everything we know at the atomic level has been measured ___________
460-370 BC
time period of Democritus
1803
time period of John Dalton
1897
time period of J.J. Thomson
1909
time period of Ernest Rutherford
1913
time period of Niels bohr
Democritus
Who 1st proposed that matter was made up of tiny particles called atoms?
Democritus
Who stated atoms could not be created, destroyed, or further divided?
Dalton
Who proposed the Atomic Theory in 1803?
Dalton
Who took half a century until he was well accepted?
Dalton
It took 100 years until __________ was prove
J.J. Thomson
Who discovered electrons in 1897?
electrons
Chemistry is driven by ___________
J.J Thomson
Who made the Plum Pudding Model?
+
Pudding's Charge
-
Plum's Charge
Rutherford
Gold foil experiment 1909-mass concentrated in very small core at the atom's center (nucleus)
Bohr
Doctoral Thesis 1911- Theory of Electrons
James Chadwick
Who identified the neutron?
Nucleus, and the Electron Cloud
What are the 2 main parts of an atom?
protons (+) and neutrons (0)
Nucleus contains:
amu's
Mass of an atom is measured in _________
positive
Protons and neutrons are found in the nucleaus, so it has a ______ charge
negative
Electrons are found in the electron cloud, so it has a _____________ charge
amu
1 _______ is defined as 1/12 teh mass of a carbon atom containing 6 protons and 6 neutrons
amu
1________ is also the mass of 1 proton or 1 neutron
1/2000
An electron has a mass of __________ amu
Atomic Number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
Mass Number
the sum of the # of protons and the # of neutrons in the nucleus
Mass#=
#protons + # neutrons
Isotopes
atoms of the same element with differing #'s of neutrons
masses
isotopes have different ____________
average atomic mass
the average mass of the mixtures of its isotopes
mass
Isotopes containing more neutrons have a greater __________