Old Man and the Sea
Terms in this set (69)
In what ways are the negative qualities of Santiago emphasized?
poor, old, unlucky, worn-out, run down, less desirable
What significance might Santiago and Manolin?
it's Spanish for St. James (Christ's disciple that was a fisherman)
How is luck important to Santiago and Manolin?
each day he might get lucky-Manolin still has faith, but his father doesn't- went 84 days without fish
What is the relationship between Santiago and Manolin?
father/son- Manolin's teacher- best friends- enjoy each other's company
How is Santiago set off from the other fisherman?
he's poor and unlucky- younger=laughter older=respect they feel bad
Describe Manolin's character and discuss why he might behave as he does;.
more mature-responsible for his family- caring, concerned, and loyal towards Santiago
What in Santiago's character makes him a hero?
intelligent- doesn't give up- role model- patient and precise
How are the nightly precautions Santiago takes with his fishing equipment both realistic and optimistic?
knows no one will take them, but he doesn't want to take the chance- doesn't want to tempt people
What do the details of Santiago's house reveal about him?
poor- religious for luck- pictures of his dead wife
Why do Manolin and Santiago talk about their cast net and fish and rice?
they know that the stuff isn't there . but it was a humorous attempt to accept that they are poor
Describe Santiago's and Manolin's differing reactions to the Yankees' defeat.
Manolin= disappointment Santiago still has hope. Tries to teach him attention in courage, faith, and endurance.
Why won't Santiago borrow money?
He thinks borrowing leads to begging- accepts food and bait
How do Santiago's and Manolin's sleeping habits emphasize the contrast of youth and age?
age= waking up early to have a longer day. youth=think they will have many other days
Why, do you suppose, does Santiago dream about lions?
vigor, youth, freedom, strength -Manolin reminds him of his childhood- longing to be free- he might be ready to die
What is the boy's reaction to being wakened?
didn't complain- he said mans got to do what a mans got to do
How does this day's trip differ from Santiago's usual pattern?
goes out further- past the deep wells
Why does Santiago call the sea "la mar"?
thinks of the sea as being feminine- respects it rather than it being an enemy- beautiful, yet deadly
What are Santiago's feeling for creatures of the sea (including birds)?
friends small=pity men-of-war (jellyfish) and shovelnose shark=hate respects birds and the marlin
Describe ways in which Santiago demonstrates his fishing skill and explain why this is important to Hemingway hero?
knowing how to row in the currents and how to hide his hook- mastered the skills of a fisherman- has to be exact
What two signs indicate that there are fish nearby?
layer of plankton on the surface and the men-of-war bird circling
What might the Portuguese men-of-war symbolize?
problems with nature and the conflict of beauty vs. treachery
Why doesn't Santiago worry about talking to himself?
no one is there for him to bother -he knows he isn't crazy
How does Santiago know he has hooked a marlin?
took the bait at the depth of where a marlin would normally live -marlin also carefully nibbles the bait
Describe the steps Santiago must take in order to make sure the fish is caught.
2. add an extra line
3.puts line around shoulders
4. waits for the fish to tire
How does he know he has caught a fish of extraordinary size?
fish has been pulling the boat for hours
How does Santiago feel about the marlin?
feels bad -marvels about the power of the fish -respects and loves it -feels sorry for himself
How does the story of Manolin and the two other marlin show that the boy is a suitable partner for Santiago?
by Manolin showing respect for his prey
Why does Santiago wish the boy were there?
wants him to see how big the fish is -Santiago enjoys the boy's company -a lot of work -he's lonely and wants the boy's help
Why does the fish lurch?
the line must have slipped -might have gotten hurt
How does Santiago's comment about the fish's pain help portray his own physical condition?
his own back aches-both getting weaker
What does the fish's course tell about its strength?
has been pulling the boat and Santiago for hours against the current
Why does Santiago want the fish to jump?
wants the air sacks to fill up, and it won't be able to go as deep
Explain how the old man can love the fish yet wish to kill it.
respects its strength, yet Santiago needs food -he understands the fish
In what ways are the fisherman and the fish alike?
both strange, old, and wise with the same determination
Describe Santiago's right and left hands.
right-string cut (stronger) left=cramp (weaker)
What qualities of the fish are stressed by the description of his jump?
purple, the color of royalty and strength. huge, grace, beauty -queen/king fish
Why does Santiago say that the fish is more noble than he?
the fish is having a harder time surviving than he is -doesn't want the fish to know he's cramped
How are Santiago's thoughts as he prays the thoughts of a "code hero"?
he respects and admires his opponent (the marlin)
In which direction does the fish turn? What does the turn tell Santiago?
going with the current (east) -fish is getting tired and is coming closer to the surface
What things does Santiago think of while the fish pulls? what do these thoughts have in common?
baseball, lions, and arm- wrestling -strength and youth
What two things does Santiago do to preserve his strength?
eat flying fish, dolphin, and tuna and sleep
What might Santiago's dreams show about his present situation?
to take a break from all of his pain into a peaceful dream -dreams of the sea and his arm falling asleep
How does Santiago know that the fish is about to circle?
he has studied the fish -can tell because of the struggle
Why does Santiago rebuke his left hand?
it failed him when he needed it most
How does Hemingway stress the endurance of Santiago?
he sees black spots and gets dizzy and he keeps trying
Why does Santiago want the marlin to stop jumping once its air sacks are filled?
if it keeps jumping, it will tear loose from the hook
How is the fish's size described? Does the description make it easier or harder to visualize the fish?
bulk and huge
How does the last battle suggest Santiago's (and Hemingway's) respect for the fish?
Santiago calling the fish brother -thinks of the fish as an equal
What is the slave work?
lashing the fish and sailing home
At what time does the fish die? Do you suppose Hemingway chose this time for a special reason?
noon on the third day of the voyage -relating to the Bible
How does the fish finally die? How does this forecast trouble?
harpooned to the chest -blood attracting sharks
In what new ways does Santiago demonstrate his knowledge of the sea as he begins his journey home?
lashes the fish's mouth shut, so the water won't get into its mouth and weigh the boat down -goes home without a compass -forges food from the gulf's weed
What is the strangeness Santiago feels after harpooning the marlin?
something like this has never happened to him before -feels like a dream after battling so long and hard -the feeling like waking up and not knowing where you are
How is the shark's appearance announced?
out of no where -surprise -an hour after he took sail for home
What qualities of the first shark are emphasized?
mako shark= worthy opponent -ruthless
Does Santiago despair? How does his reactions help define the behavior of "code hero"?
yes -even though he is hopeless, he doesn't give up
What is Santiago's answer to his question about sin?
sin= kill for pride
not a sin= to kill for food -puzzling question
What religious image appears in the description of the second shark attack?
Santiago makes a noise as if someone is being crucified
Distinguish the second shark attack from the first.
2nd= two sharks instead of one, shovel-nosed sharks swim in packs, they are scavengers
Why does Santiago rebuke himself? Is the rebuke just?
he went out to far -yes, he should have known not to go out that far
Why does Santiago continue even when things are hopeless?
he is determined
How has the attitude of the other fisherman towards Santiago changed?
them giving him more respect -proprietor pities him
What effect does the tourist's comment have on the story's meaning?
the tourist didn't know what the fish was making it seem like his struggle wasn't important -made him wonder if it was worth going out
What are the premonitions of Santiago's death are there?
his luck ran out -said his chest felt weird -spat something strange -after Manolin leaves the shack, he cries
Is the ending hopeful or discouraging?
hopeful= Manolin might become a great fisherman because of him or it could be used as a learning experience for Manolin discouraging=hints Santiago will die-marlin's death is foreshadowing his own
What bait does Santiago use?
"El Campeon" means...
Main baseball player they talk about...
What part of Santiago's body is not weak?