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Chapter 5 - 6

John Dickinson

1765 Letter from a Farmer in Pennsylvania; Britain could regulate trade but not raise revenue

salutary neglect

a period of time in which British ignore the colonies (1660 - 1754)

navigation acts

all trade goes through england mercantilism; colonists begin to smuggle

7 years war (French Indian War)

british, french, indians struggle for land; colonists assigned second class jobs for british; economic social impact

treaty of paris

removes France from florida: extends our western boundary to the Mississippi river

pontiac rebellion

native american rebellion of ottawa tribe near detriot; neolin's ideas of unification used to attack Fort Detroit and other posts signed a treaty

proclamation act of 1763

british attempt to contain colonies; gives indians land west of mississippi

sugar act


stamp act

required tax stamps on all printed material; direct tax to get out of debt from the war; leads to taxation with out representation and rebellion; first sign of unification and potential of a voice for the colonies

Patrick Henry

member of the Virginia House of Burgesses; introduced fourteen resolves against the Stamp Act requesting colonial rights; "give me liberty or give me death"

Townshend Acts

Charles Townshed and William Pitt; , A tax that the British Parliament placed on leads, glass, paint and tea

Coersive Acts

Intollerable Acts closed the Boston Harbor until the colonist paid to the tea ruined in the Boston Tea Party; more soldiers to colonies

Boston Tea Party

1773 dumped tea into the harbor to protest raised taxes from the Tea Act; John Hancock; unification of all-class colonists

Boston committee of Correspondence

revived in 1772 by Samuel Adams

East India Company

British tea trade company went broke; britain sold them the rights to sell all the tea to the Americans; sparked the boston tea party

Sam Adams

set a precedent of making a major issue to rebel against Britain rule and taxes

King George III

King of England, stubborn, stupid, levied taxes even though he knew colonist would hate it, passed Quartering Act; colonies must submit or triumph

quebec act

changes some land grants to west of boarder; colonists rights violated

First Continental Congress 1774

55 delegates from twelve colonies (with out Georgia) sent representatives to Philadelphia to discuss a response to the Intolerable Acts; reach out to king through declaration of rights and grievances, plan of resistance if king says no (the association of no importation/exportation rebellion), and determine a constitutional relationship with Britain

Indirect rev. causes

americanization population boom; communication slow with Britain; varied theory of government; 500 thousand not british (melting pot)

direct rev. causes

all legislative acts take rights away; boston tea party; british oppression esp. french indian war

minute men

colonists willing to defend anytime when war comes to them; british paranoia and can't sleep

lexington and concord

first "battles"; meant to get suppies from militia, but shots exchanged between minutemen and the british as the british continued to concord; Americans ambushed british killing 200; 0 american casualties

second continental congress 1775

all 13 colonies represented after king rejects declaration of rights and grievances; olive branch petition; army, navy, marines formed here

george washington

colonist army enlisted and forced guerilla warfare

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