25 terms

APUSH Unit 2

Chapter 5 - 6
John Dickinson
1765 Letter from a Farmer in Pennsylvania; Britain could regulate trade but not raise revenue
salutary neglect
a period of time in which British ignore the colonies (1660 - 1754)
navigation acts
all trade goes through england mercantilism; colonists begin to smuggle
7 years war (French Indian War)
british, french, indians struggle for land; colonists assigned second class jobs for british; economic social impact
treaty of paris
removes France from florida: extends our western boundary to the Mississippi river
pontiac rebellion
native american rebellion of ottawa tribe near detriot; neolin's ideas of unification used to attack Fort Detroit and other posts signed a treaty
proclamation act of 1763
british attempt to contain colonies; gives indians land west of mississippi
sugar act
stamp act
required tax stamps on all printed material; direct tax to get out of debt from the war; leads to taxation with out representation and rebellion; first sign of unification and potential of a voice for the colonies
Patrick Henry
member of the Virginia House of Burgesses; introduced fourteen resolves against the Stamp Act requesting colonial rights; "give me liberty or give me death"
Townshend Acts
Charles Townshed and William Pitt; , A tax that the British Parliament placed on leads, glass, paint and tea
Coersive Acts
Intollerable Acts closed the Boston Harbor until the colonist paid to the tea ruined in the Boston Tea Party; more soldiers to colonies
Boston Tea Party
1773 dumped tea into the harbor to protest raised taxes from the Tea Act; John Hancock; unification of all-class colonists
Boston committee of Correspondence
revived in 1772 by Samuel Adams
East India Company
British tea trade company went broke; britain sold them the rights to sell all the tea to the Americans; sparked the boston tea party
Sam Adams
set a precedent of making a major issue to rebel against Britain rule and taxes
King George III
King of England, stubborn, stupid, levied taxes even though he knew colonist would hate it, passed Quartering Act; colonies must submit or triumph
quebec act
changes some land grants to west of boarder; colonists rights violated
First Continental Congress 1774
55 delegates from twelve colonies (with out Georgia) sent representatives to Philadelphia to discuss a response to the Intolerable Acts; reach out to king through declaration of rights and grievances, plan of resistance if king says no (the association of no importation/exportation rebellion), and determine a constitutional relationship with Britain
Indirect rev. causes
americanization population boom; communication slow with Britain; varied theory of government; 500 thousand not british (melting pot)
direct rev. causes
all legislative acts take rights away; boston tea party; british oppression esp. french indian war
minute men
colonists willing to defend anytime when war comes to them; british paranoia and can't sleep
lexington and concord
first "battles"; meant to get suppies from militia, but shots exchanged between minutemen and the british as the british continued to concord; Americans ambushed british killing 200; 0 american casualties
second continental congress 1775
all 13 colonies represented after king rejects declaration of rights and grievances; olive branch petition; army, navy, marines formed here
george washington
colonist army enlisted and forced guerilla warfare