28 terms

Geography Alive, Chapter 1

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Physical Geography
the study of natural features on the surface of the Earth.
Human Geography
the study of people as they have spread across the Earth.
Absolute Location
the precise point where a place is located on the Earth.
Relative Location
where a place is located in relation to another place.
distortion
a change in the original shape
Map Projections
ways of showing the round Earth on a flat surface.
Map Titles
tells what a map shows.
Compass Rose
a diagram on a map used to show the directions on a map.
Cardinal Directions
North, South, East and West
Intermediate Directions
northeast, southeast, northwest, southwest
Map Key
(map legend) lists each symbol and explains what it shows on the map.
Map Grid
imaginary lines used to divide a space on the map.
Global Grid
longitude and latitude lines - allows you to locate any place on Earth with a number code.
Parallels of Latitude
lines that run east and west around the globe.
Meridians of Longitude
lines that are half-circles that run from the North Pole to the South Pole. They are NOT parallel.
International Dateline
runs through the Pacific Ocean exactly halfway around the world from the Prime Meridian.
Prime Meridian
0 degrees longitude - opposite the International Dateline
coordinates
a set of numbers that together describe the exact location such as a place on a map.
Map Scale
element of a map that shows how a unit of distance on the map relates to the actual distance on the surface of the Earth.
hemisphere
half of a sphere; earth is divided into eastern/western or northern/southern hemispheres.
landmass
a very large, unbroken area of land.
revolution
one complete trip by Earth around the sun.
rotation
the spinning motion of Earth around its axis.
axis
an imaginary line that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole through the center of the Earth.
Tropic of Cancer
the northernmost line of latitude at 23.5 degrees north.
Tropic of Capricorn
the southernmost line of latitude at 23.5 degrees south.
Antarctic Circle
the line of latitude that marks the boundary of the southern polar zone.
The Temperate Zone
the area between the Earth's tropical zones and polar zones, where the climate is relatively mild
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