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Geography Alive, Chapter 1
Terms in this set (28)
the study of natural features on the surface of the Earth.
the study of people as they have spread across the Earth.
the precise point where a place is located on the Earth.
where a place is located in relation to another place.
a change in the original shape
ways of showing the round Earth on a flat surface.
tells what a map shows.
a diagram on a map used to show the directions on a map.
North, South, East and West
northeast, southeast, northwest, southwest
(map legend) lists each symbol and explains what it shows on the map.
imaginary lines used to divide a space on the map.
longitude and latitude lines - allows you to locate any place on Earth with a number code.
Parallels of Latitude
lines that run east and west around the globe.
Meridians of Longitude
lines that are half-circles that run from the North Pole to the South Pole. They are NOT parallel.
runs through the Pacific Ocean exactly halfway around the world from the Prime Meridian.
0 degrees longitude - opposite the International Dateline
a set of numbers that together describe the exact location such as a place on a map.
element of a map that shows how a unit of distance on the map relates to the actual distance on the surface of the Earth.
half of a sphere; earth is divided into eastern/western or northern/southern hemispheres.
a very large, unbroken area of land.
one complete trip by Earth around the sun.
the spinning motion of Earth around its axis.
an imaginary line that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole through the center of the Earth.
Tropic of Cancer
the northernmost line of latitude at 23.5 degrees north.
Tropic of Capricorn
the southernmost line of latitude at 23.5 degrees south.
the line of latitude that marks the boundary of the southern polar zone.
The Temperate Zone
the area between the Earth's tropical zones and polar zones, where the climate is relatively mild