60 terms

Art Appreciation-Reasonover Test 2


Terms in this set (...)

Purpose for drawing
1. document something
2. practice for something else
3. as an end in itself
4. a piece of art in itself
Types of media
1. Wet Media
2. Dry Media
Wet media
-pen & ink
-water color
Dry media
-oil pastels
-chalk pastels
When we draw, what do we create?
light to darkness
How do we create different values?
Shading techniques
Types of Shading:
1. Hatching
2. crosshatching
3. stippling
4. blending
lines cross over eachother
Multiple lines side by side
3 characteristics of paint
1. pigment(hue)
2. binder
3. vehicle
Pigment (hue)
what makes it stick
used to move the paint around
Vehicle for temper
Types of printmaking
1. relief
2. intaglio
3. lithography
4. screen printing
opposite of relief, where you cut into the plate is where the ink goes
3 types of intaglio-putting into metal plate
1. etching
2. engraving
3. dry point
using limestone, lithopencils & touche
-prints on top
Screen Printing
use stencils
-ink is pulled through the screen
Binder in oil paint
lindt seed oil-vegetable oil
Binder for temper paint
Relief Print Making
oldest type of print making, ink sits on top, whats carved away does not print
Graphic Design
working with words and pictures to create solutions to problems for visual communications
Camera Obscura
"dark room" , photography tool used for upside down drawing, basis for cameras
Writing with light
color changed when exposed to weather
vehicle for temper
Joseph Niepce
-first permanent photograph in 1826
-figured out that silver is what made the image permanent
-makes very first chemical photograph-over 8 hours of exposure
Louis Daguerre
-teamed with Joseph Niepce
-introduced the camera to the world
-did the first photograph with a person in it
George Eastman
-created flexible film in 1884
-was able to create flexible film because of the dry gelatin, motion was in the gelatin
-in 1888 he introduced the handheld camera which introduced the camera to the common man
Alfred Stieglitz
-father of american photography
-he promotes photography with his magazine called "Camera Works" and his gallery called "1091"
Lewis Hine
-photographer for the government
- The Empire State Building
-The Cotton Gin Workers-which created employee safety laws and child labor laws
meant to be seen in the round
Alexander Calder-Sculpture
-Mobile-moves, kinetic
-Large Pink Flamingo
-has to construct these large sculptures by using the technique additive
Release Sculpture
-protrudes out
Robert Arneson
Clay Artist-Sculptures
-uses armeteur
-takes his armeteur out with the clay
-his types of sculptures working with clay is additive (mound it up) and subtractive (shape it and carve it out)
Supports the clay
Charles Ray
-cast his figures in fiber glass
-"Manequin Series"
-his figures are larger than life
-works with marble
-process is subtraction (carve away)
-later in life likes to leave high polished marble in contrast with the rough stones
Deborah Butterfield
-"Horse"-cast in bronze but looks like driftwood-Abstract because it looks like driftwood put together to make a horse
Miriam Schapiro
Fiber artist
-paints on the canvas and then puts the fabric on top-glues the quilting techniques into the work
-hand builds pots
-uses pitch pot method
-because of her we have "The Native American Craft Association"
-refinalizes the Hopi tradition of pottery
Dale Chiluly
glass artist
-likes to blow the artwork
Faith Ringgold
-makes the quilt and paints on the quilt-uses the quilt as her canvas
Magdelena Abakanowicz
interested in burlap-fabrics
-cast in bronze in the work "Left Foot"
-cast in resin in the work "Four On A Bench"
Post and Beam (Lentil)
oldest form of construction still used today
-example of post and beam (lentil)
-entrance to a tomb
-pattern stacked with brick or stone or rocks
-can be wet or dry
Round Arch
-invented by the Romans because they discovered the key stone-triangular piece to deflect the pressure
-triangular piece that bears the weight between the dome and the arch
Crystal Palace
-cast iron-very strong
-built in modules (modular construction)
Wainwright Building
-steel & reinforced concrete
-finished in 1906
-In St. Louis
-steel & reinforced concrete
-you can gut the entire interior and it will remain standing due to metal low bearing walls on the inside
Van Antwerp
-first skyscraper in Mobile, AL.
-On the corner of Dauphin and Royal Street
-built in 1906
Suspension Structure
-The Olympic Hall in Tokyo
-Roof was suspended-created out of suspension to cover the hall
Frank O. Gehry
-built the Guggenheim
Guggenheim Museum
-big stainless steele panels are part of the building-actual shape of the building and the interior
Frank Lloyd Wright
-Falling Water
-also designs the entire living environment (plates, windows, cushions etc. all to match)
-credited with inventing Cantilevers
hanging ledge with no support by using steel and reinforced construction