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Politics of the United States
Supreme Court Cases
Terms in this set (30)
Marbury vs. Madison
established principle of judicial review (declaring laws or actions unconstitutional)
McCulloch vs. Maryland
United States (federal) law is the supreme law of the land, thus no state law can conflict with it
Gibbons vs. Ogden
Congress had the right to regulate Interstate Commerce
Dred Scott vs. Sandford
Missouri Compromise declared unconstitutional. Scott was not free.
Plessy vs. Ferguson
established principle of "separate but equal"
Worcester vs. Georgia
State of Georgia held no authority in the reservation and that the Cherokee nation could only be dealt with by the U.S. government.
Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
Segregation in public schools was unconstitutional
Swann vs. Charlotte Meck. School District
Busing of students was allowed to promote desegregation of schools
Engle vs. Vitale
School prayer violated freedom of religion
Gideon vs. Wainwright
An attorney must be appointed if the accused cannot afford one
Miranda vs. Arizona
"Miranda" rights are read to all persons being arrested
New York Times vs. US
Classified information could be printed because of freedom of the press
United States vs. Nixon
Executive privilege does not protect the president in criminal cases
New Jersey vs. T.L.O.
School search is OK
Furman vs. Georgia
Death penalty was cruel and unusual punishment
Tinker vs. Des Moines
Armband war protest was protected by the 1st amendment
Bethel School District vs. Fraser
Freedom of speech can be restricted in schools
Hazelwood School District vs. Kuhlmeir
Schools can restrict what is printed in school newspaper
US vs. Eichman
the Flag Protection Act was unconstitutional, because it violated freedom of expression
Schenck vs. US
1st amendment doesn't protect speech that leads to a threat against the country
Texas vs. Johnson
They declared that flag burning was protected by the 1st Amendment as "Symbolic speech"
Near vs. Minnesota
The Supreme Court ruled that the local government's attempt at censorship was a violation of Near's first amendment right.
Heart of Atlanta Motel vs. U.S.
Private businesses could not discriminate against customers
Reed vs. Reed
No state law can discriminate based on gender
Regents of University of California vs. Bakke
Court ruled that specific minority quotas were prohibited. Affirmative action was struck down, because it was racism versus white people.
Korematsu vs. U.S.
The Court sided with the government and held that the need to protect against espionage outweighed Korematsu's rights.
Roe vs. Wade
Made abortion illegal during the 3rd trimester
Gregg vs. Georgia
Rejected his appeal, stating that he death penalty was carefully decided and "judicious", and did not violate the 8th amendment
Mapp vs. Ohio
Supreme court decided that evidence obtained during a violation of the fourth amendment cannot be used during criminal procedures "box o porn"
In Re Gault
This created juvenile due process of law
Recommended textbook explanations
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Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy
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