42 terms

Studio Art: 2D Art Terms

Design and drawing terms from Mr. Needles Studio Art class
STUDY
PLAY
1 point linear perspective
An image with 1 central point , lines are drawn on the picture plane in a way as to represent parallel lines receding to a single point
2 point linear perspective
2 vanishing points in a composition in which you view objects from the corner.
Achromatic Colors
Black, White, and Gray
Aesthetic
Values used in judging a work of art involving reasons for finding a work of art beautiful
Analogous Colors
Colors next to one another called on the color wheel
Atmospheric Perspective
The effect of air and light on how an object is perceived by the viewer. (A bright object seems closer to the viewer than a dull object.)
Blending
The technique of shading through smooth, gradual application of dark value.
Complementary colors
colors located directly opposite one another on the color wheel (blue and orange).
Continuous contour line drawing
A drawing style which focuses on the edges of the form where you do not lift up your pencil or marker.
Contour Lines
Lines creating boundaries that separate one area from another. Lines define edges and surface ridges of objects and figures.
Cool Colors
Green, Blue, and Violet
Cross-hatching
Technique for shading with a series of fine parallel lines (hatching) and by using two or more crossed sets of parallel lines which overlap at 90 degree angles.
Form
(Mass) An element of art that is three-dimensional and encloses space. An artist's way of using elements of art, shapes with clearly defines outlines.
Geometric
Lines that appear to be more angular than rounded.
Gesture Drawing
Loose arm movement making a quick sketch.
Hue
A color name or shade of a color.
Line
An element of art that is a continuous mark made on a surface with a pointed, moving tool. Type of lines: curvy, zigzag, thick, thin, bold, curly, wavy, etc.
Primary Colors
The three basic colors from which others can be made (red, yellow, and blue).
Linear Perspective
The technique of using lines in drawing and painting to create the illusion of depth on a flat surface. (1 point, 2 points, ect.) All receding lines meet at a single point or different sets of lines meet at different parts.
Medium(s)
The material an artist uses to create artwork. (paint, pencil, digital, glass, metal, etc)
Negative Spaces
An element of art referring to the emptiness or area between, around, above, or within objects / things / figures.
Organic
Shapes that are similar to those found in nature
Perspective
The method used to create the illusion of depth on a two-dimensional surface.
Positive Spaces
Shapes or forms in two or three-dimensional art. Empty space around these shapes or forms is its opposite.
Proportion
A principle of design concerned with the size relationship of one part to the whole and one part to the other.
Radial composition
All parts of the design radiate from a center in a symmetrical fashion. E.g. Gothic rose windows, daisy-type of flowers, spider webs, spokes of a wheel.
Rhythm
A principle of design that repeats elements to create the illusion of moment / seem active / or to suggest vibration.
Scale
The relationship of sizes between one form and another.
Secondary Colors
The 3 colors created by mixing the primary colors (green, violet, and orange).
Shapes
An element of art that is two-dimensional and encloses space. They can either geometric or free-form.
Sketch
Quick, rough drawing without much detail that can be used as a plan or reference.
Still Life
Drawing inanimate (non-moving) objects.
Symmetrical Design
A equilateral design which has mirror like balance
Tertiary colors
These are colors created by combining a primary color and a secondary color. They are yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, red-violet, red-orange and yellow-orange.
Texture
An element of art that refers to how things feel or how they look like they might feel on the surface.
Unity
When the elements used in a work of art combine to create a balanced, harmonious, complete whole, the artwork looks finished. To add would make it overdone, to subtract would make it incomplete.
Value
The lightness or darkness of a color
Warm Colors
Red, Orange, and Yellow
The 7 Elements of Design / Art:
Line, shape, form, color, texture, value, and space.
The Principles of Design / Art:
Contrast, balance (symmetrical, and asymmetrical), movement, rhythm, unity, pattern, harmony, proportion, emphasis, and variety.
Hierarchy
A good design contains elements that lead the reader through each element in order of its significance. The type and images should be expressed starting from most important to the least
Contrast
A principle of art, contrast refers to the arrangement of opposite elements (light vs dark colors, large vs small shapes, etc.)