SS Chapter 7 Ancient Greece
Terms in this set (39)
A public market and meeting place in an ancient Greek city; the Agora, spelled with a capital a, refers to the agora of Athens
A person who belongs to a group that others considered wild, or uncivilized people
In ancient Sparta, the term for slaves who were owned by the state
A seller of goods
To murder for political reasons
A city north of Athens, where the Persians outnumbered the Athenians and won the battle.
condition of being owned by, and forced to work for, someone else
A word that describes Greek history or culture after the death of Alexander the Great, including the three main kingdoms formed by the breakup of Alexander's empire
Mathematician that developed geometry
Wide spread disease
A city-state in Ancient Greece; the capital of modern-day Greece
Cyrus the Great
Founder of the Persian Empire in mid-500's BC
An action taken to isolate the enemy and cut off its supplies
A city-state in ancient Greece
A great scientist who discovered that people can use pulleys and levers to lift heavy objects
War between Athens and Sparta in Ancient Greece
Men in Athens gathered in the Agora in the morning to do what?
Talk politics, philosophy or about events in their community.
Why were public buildings in Athens different from private homes?
Public buildings were often beautiful, extravagant structures, while private homes were made plain. Private homes were made out of mud bricks and consisted of rooms set around an open courtyard that was hidden from the street.
What did most Greeks think woman needed?
Protection. So, keeping them at home, or out of public eye, men thought would give them the most protection.
How would you describe the helots of Sparta?
They were conquered people, usually foreigners, who did all of the farm work on the land owned by Spartan citizens. They were treated very harshly by the Spartans.
How would you describe the Spartan woman?
They were trained to exercise and build up their bodies (to have strong healthy children) and were allowed to own land.
What resulted from the victory by the Athenians over the Persians at Marathon?
It increased the Greeks' sense of their own importance. They believed that the gods had favored them and had influenced the outcome of the wars.
Many of the cities Alexander established were?
He named after himself
What statement best describes the role of poor woman in Athens?
They often worked outside the home and found jobs making pottery, tending sheep, or manufacturing cloth form wool.
What statement best describes public life in Athens?
It was men who were active in politics, in society, and in other aspects of Athenian public life.
What do historians believe that slaves were in Athens?
Slavery, especially of foreigners, were common as almost one third of the city's population were slaves. Since slaves did a great deal of work through-out the city-states of Greece, they allowed the Athenian men the leisure time to be in government, and develop a love of the arts
How would you describe the Spartans?
They were tough, silent and grim.
When did the Spartans finally conquer Athens?
The Athenens surrendered to the Spartans in 404 B.C., after Spartans surrounded and closed the harbor where Athens received shipment.
Why did Spartans raise only the healthiest children?
They wanted the healthiest people in their city.
When Alexander became King at 20 years old, what did he do?
Invaded the Persian Empire. He won his first battle of the vast empire in 334 B.C.
How would you describe life in Hellenistic kingdoms?
This world was modeled after Greek cities. Greek kings ruled, and Greeks held the most important jobs. The cities were designed with Greek temples and agoras. Citizens gathered at large theaters for performances of Greek tragedies. The Greek language was spoken in the cities for hundreds of years, even though people in the countryside continue to speak their local languages.
What activities took place in the Agora of Athens?
Men talked politics, philosophy, or events in the community. There were vendors and buyers bargaining for the best prices. The streets were lined with shops. Farmers and artisans sold their ware, and variety of food sold.
What were the responsibilities of men compared to those of woman in ancient Athens?
Men were active in politics, in society, and other public life aspects, while women ran the home and family. Most Greeks thought women needed to be guided by men. Women have almost none of the freedom their husbands, son, and father took for granted. They could not take part in politics, voting, or owning property. Only the official activity allowed them to be the priestesses in religious groups.
What was the Spartan attitude toward wealth?
They looked down on wealth and those engaged in trade.
Describe what life was like for boys living in Sparta.
At age 7, boys left home to live in barracks and train for the military for 13 years. At age 12, a boy spent hours practicing with swords and spears. They were given small amount of food. Boys were expected to bear pain, hardship, and punishment in silence. Through rigid discipline, Spartan youths became excellent soldiers.
How did Alexander's upbringing affect his attitudes about Greek culture?
He was taught by his tutor, Aristotle, that Greeks were a superior people and deserved to rule.
Describe the importance of the contributions made by Euclid, Eratosthenes, and Archimedes.
Scientist Euclid developed geometry, Eratosthenes figured out the distance around the earth and Archimedes discovered how people could use pulleys and levers to lift heavy objects.
How did the Spartans attitude towards wealth affect their trade and travel?
They did not mingle with other Greeks and were not allowed to travel. They looked down on the desire for wealth and those engaged in trade. However, they were warriors known for their skill and bravery. Their fighting force played a key role in Greek wars against the Persians.
How did the Greeks overcome the Persian invasion?
The Greeks put aside their differences and joined forces to defend their peninsula from Persia enemy.