15 terms

Factors affecting the magnitude of stores in water cycle

STUDY
PLAY
Evaporation
Process of turning from a liquid to a gas
Condensation
The conversion of a vapour or gas into a liquid
Precipitation
Rain, snow, sleet or hail that falls to or condenses on the ground
Drainage basin
The area of land drained by a river and its tributaries
Cryospheric process
Those processes that affect the total mass of ice at any scale from local patches of frozen ground to global ice amounts.
Accumulation
The build up of ice mass
Ablation
The loss of ice mass
Cloud formation
Air in the lower layers of the Earth's atmosphere become saturated due to cooling of the air and/or an increase in water vapour
Frontal Rainfall
Warm air meets cold and is forced to rise. Warm air cools as it rises - condenses to form clouds. Along the front a variety of clouds form causing rainfall
Relief rainfall
Warm air is blown over the ocean and rises over areas of steep relief. As the air rises it cools and condenses. Since cold air can't hold as much moisture as warm air precipitation occurs.
Convectional rainfall
Sun's energy causes rapid evaporation and evapotranspiration. Water vapour rises causing condensation once dew point is reached. Large quantities of water vapour and fast condensation causes storm clouds.
Water cycle
The continuous movement of water from the ocean to the atmosphere to the land and back to the ocean
Hydrological cycle
AKA Water cycle
Water store
a build-up of water that has collected on or below the ground, or in the atmosphere
Magnitude
The great size or importance of something e.g. magnitude of water stored in groundwater