Elements of Nonfiction


Terms in this set (...)

Author's Purpose
The author's reason for writing (to persuade, to inform, and to entertain).
Central (Main) Idea
The general point that the author is making in the text.
Text Evidence
A quote or paraphrase taken from text to support a claim about that text.
The author's attitude toward the subject matter or toward the reader or audience.
The feeling the reader gets from a work of literature from the author's word choice, imagery, dialogue, setting, and plot.
Text Structure: Description or List
This text structure includes details to help the reader picture or get to know a person, a place, a thing, or an idea.
Signal words and phrases:
such as, for example, for instance, most important, in front, beside, near
Text Structure: Cause and Effect
This text structure explains why something happened and what happened as a result.
Signal words and phrases:
therefore, so, this led to, as a result, because, if . . . then
Text Structure: Problem and Solution
This text structure presents a difficulty and explains how it is overcome.
Signal words and phrases:
propose, conclude, a solution,
the reason for, the problem
Text Structure: Compare and Contrast
This text structure presents the similarities and/or differences between two items, such as a pair of events, time periods, ideas, or places.
Signal words and phrases:
like, unlike, but, in contrast, on the other hand, however, both, also, too, while, as opposed to, yet, rather, same
Text Structure: Chronological
This text structure describes events in the order in which they happen; also called
"sequence of events".
Signal words and phrases:
first, second, third, before, on (date), not long after, after that, next, at the same time, finally, then
A conclusion or educated guess based on clues provided in the text.