How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

62 terms

Anterior/Posterior/Directional/regional terms

STUDY
PLAY
abdominal
anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
acromial
point of shoulder
anticubital
anterior surface of elbow
axillary
armpit
brachial
arm
buccal
cheek
carpal
wrist
cervical
neck region
coxal
hip
crural
leg
digital
fingers & toes
femoral
thigh
fibular
lateral part of leg
inguinal
area where thigh meets body trunk; groin
nasal
nose area
oral
mouth
orbital
eye area
patellar
anterior knee
pelvic
area overlying the pelvis anteriorly
pubic
genetal region
sternal
breastbone area
tarsal
ankle region
thoratic
chest
umbilical
naval
calcaneal
heel of foot
caphalic
head
deltoid
curve of shoulder formed by deltoid muscle
glueteal
buttock
lumbar
area of back between ribs and hips
occipital
posterior surface of head
olecranial
posterior surface of elbow
popliteal
posterior knee area
sacral
area between hips
scapular
shoulder blade region
sural
posterior surface of lower leg; calf
vertebral
area of spine
plantar
sole of the foot
superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure; above

"The forehead is superior to the nose."
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end toward the lower part of a structure; below

"The naval is inferior to the breastbone."
Anterior (ventral)
toward or at the front of the body; in front of

"The breastbone is anterior to the spine."
Posterior (Dorsal)
Toward or at the backside of the body

"The heart is posterior to the breastbone."
Medial
Toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of

"The heart is medial to the arm."
Lateral
away from the midline of the body; on the outer side

"The arms are lateral to the chest."
intermediate
between a more medial and a lateral structure

"The armpit is intermediate between the breastbone and shoulder."
superficial (external)
toward or at body surface

'The skin is superficial to the skeleton."
deep (internal)
away from body surface; more internal

"the lungs are deep to the rib cage."
proximal
close to the origin of the body part or the point of attatchement of a limb to the body trunk.

"The elbow is proximal to the wrist."
Distal
farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachement of a limb to the body trunk.

"the knee is distal to the thigh. "
Sagital section
a cut made along the lengthwise or longitude. divides into right and left.
frontal section
divides the body into anterior and posterior
transverse section
divides the body into superior and inferior.
cranial cavity
space inside the skull
spinal cavity
extends from the cranial cavity to the end of vertebrae cavity
Thoracic cavity
superior divided by diaphragm
mediastinum
seperates the lungs into right and left cavities; houses the heart
abdominopelvic
stomach, liver, intestines
umbilical region
centermost
epigastric region
superior to umbilical
hypogastric region
inferior to umbilical
right/left illiac or inguinal
lateral to hypogastric
right/left lumbar
lateral to umbilical
right/left hyoochondriac
flank epigastric and contains lower ribs