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14 terms

Gov't Week 3 and 4

Three Branches of US Government
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The Executive Branch
This branch is the head of the country and they execute the laws. It is made up of the President, the Vice President, and the Cabinet.
The Judicial Branch
This branch is responsible for interpreting the Constitution. It includes the supreme court, which consists of the Chief Justice and eight other Justices
The Legislative Branch
This branch is the law-making branch. It is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Veto
the power or right to prohibit or reject a proposed or intended act (especially the power of a chief executive to reject a bill passed by the legislature)
Amend
correct; change, generally for the better
Unconstitutional
invalid because it conflicts with the constitution
Ratify
to approve
Unicameral vs. Bicameral
A legislature made up of one elected body. In contrast to a two-house legislature; for example, the Senate and House of Representatives in the Congress.
House of Representatives
This is one part of the bicameral legislature, with the number of representatives from each state being elected according to the number of people in each state.
Senate
this side of the legislative branch has an equal number of representatives from each state
Judicial Review
the right of the supreme court to determine if a law violates the constitution
The Supreme Court
the nations highest court whose principal function is to review decisions of the federal courts of appeals and the highest state courts
Court of Appeals
a court whose jurisdiction is to review decisions of lower courts or agencies
District Court
a lower federal court that has original jurisdiction in most cases involving federal laws. This is where federal cases start.