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Three Branches of US Government

The Executive Branch

This branch is the head of the country and they execute the laws. It is made up of the President, the Vice President, and the Cabinet.

The Judicial Branch

This branch is responsible for interpreting the Constitution. It includes the supreme court, which consists of the Chief Justice and eight other Justices

The Legislative Branch

This branch is the law-making branch. It is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate.


the power or right to prohibit or reject a proposed or intended act (especially the power of a chief executive to reject a bill passed by the legislature)


correct; change, generally for the better


invalid because it conflicts with the constitution


to approve

Unicameral vs. Bicameral

A legislature made up of one elected body. In contrast to a two-house legislature; for example, the Senate and House of Representatives in the Congress.

House of Representatives

This is one part of the bicameral legislature, with the number of representatives from each state being elected according to the number of people in each state.


this side of the legislative branch has an equal number of representatives from each state

Judicial Review

the right of the supreme court to determine if a law violates the constitution

The Supreme Court

the nations highest court whose principal function is to review decisions of the federal courts of appeals and the highest state courts

Court of Appeals

a court whose jurisdiction is to review decisions of lower courts or agencies

District Court

a lower federal court that has original jurisdiction in most cases involving federal laws. This is where federal cases start.

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