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19 terms

Art Chp. 4

Art History Chapter 4
STUDY
PLAY
Style
refers to a distinctive handling of elements and media associated with the work of an individual artist, a school movement, or a specific culture or time period
Content
includes not only a work of art's form but also its subject matter and its underlying means or themes
Does awareness of style, form, and content help viewers understand and appreciate the visual arts more fully?
YES
realism
the portrayal of people and things as they are seen by the eye or really thought to be, without idealization, without distortion
Realism
specific school of art that flowered during the mid 19th century in France
The very nature of the technique of photography suggests what?
candid truth, unadulterated reality
Representational Art
art that portrays, however altered or distorted, things perceived in the visible world
Expressionistic
emphasizing the distortion of color and form to achieve an emotional impact
Abstract Art
a form of art characterized by simplified or distorted rendering of an object that has the essential form r nature of that object
Nonobjective
art that doesn't portray figures of objects: art without real objects or subject matter
Cubism
A 20th century style developed by Picasso and Braque that emphasizes the 2D of the canvas, characterized by multiple views of an object and the reduction of form to cubelike essentials
Psychic Automatism
a process of generating imagery through idea received from the unconscious mind and expressed in an unrestrained manner
What do some artists label their work "untitled"?
to discourage Rorschach-like readings of their work
Formalist Criticism
an approach to art criticism that concentrates primarily on the elements and design of works of art rather than on historical factors or the biography of the artist
Content
everything that is contained in a work of art, also refers to the subject matter of a piece
The Levels of Content
1. Subject Matter
2. Elements and composition
3. Underlying or symbolic meanings or themes
Winter is the symbol of what in art?
death and aloneness
Fall is the symbol of what in art?
harvest or decline
Iconography
the study of the themes and symbols in the visual arts-the figures and images that lend works their underlying meanings