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27 terms

Anatomy & Pysiology

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Epithelial
covers passages, lines internal cavities of the body, covers muscles and connects bones
Types of tissue
Epithelial & Connective Tissue
Epithelial Tissue Proper
Sheets of tissue, simple = one layer of cells, Epidermis, mucosal lining-mouth, nose; passages that run outside to inside
Endothelial
Type of epithelial tissue; lines the walls of blood vessels
Mesothelial
Type of epithelial tissue; lines internal body cavities (peritoneal, pleural, pericardial)
Connective Tissue
provides support for your body and connects all its parts
Loose Connective Tissue
netting or mesh, non-solid sheet to allow movement, found under skin (loose with age)
loosely intertwined fibers between cells; types: areolar, adipose, reticular
Dense Connective Tissue
tight dense fibers, strong, does not allow for much movement
2 Types of Dense Connective Tissue
White & Unyielding, Yellow & Elastic
Tendons
attach muscle to muscle, muscle to bone, and muscle to cartilage
Aponeuroses
flat sheets of tendon, connects multiple muscles together
Ligaments
elastic, connecting bone to bone, bone to cartilage or cartilage to cartilage
4 Dense Connective Tissues
Tendons, Ligaments, Fascia, & Reticular Tissue
2 Special Connective Tissue
Cartilage and Bone
Cartilage
described by color, continues to grow
Hyaline
blueish white surface of joint, common in larynx
Elastic Cartilage
(yellow) rubbery--> ear, eustachian tubes
Fibrocartilage
(greyish) in between vertebrae in the back
Bone
dense compact connective tissue, solid osseous bone, covered in periosteum
cancellous
contains red marrow, yellow marrow (edipose contains fat)
Perichondrium
around the cartilage
Long Bone
longer in length than width
Short Bone
more width that length
Flat Bone
skull, sternum, face,etc, thin, flattened, & curved
2 Parts of Skeleton
1) Axial
2)Appendicular
Axial Skeleton
the part of the skeleton that includes the skull and spinal column and sternum and ribs
Appendicular Skeleton
forms the extremeties and is composed of the shoulder girdle, arm bones, pelvic girdle, and leg bones