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Chapter 20 Study Guide---JFK-Coach Webb
Terms in this set (26)
1960 election significance
-election b/w Kennedy/Nixon very close.
-Kennedy won, became youngest pres elected age 43.
2nd Wave of Feminism in America
-1963 Betty Friedan's Feminine Mystique was key doc of 2nd wave of US fem movement.
-argued against women restricted to role of housewife/mother.
Alliance for Progress
-initiated in 1961 to establish economic coops b/w US/Latin America.
-US supplied w/ $1.4 billion per year b/c hoped it would prevent LA from turning to Cuba/USSR.
Baker vs. Carr---which amendment?
Baker vs. Carr---what was the point of the case?
-established fed rights to ensure all citizens.
Bay of Pigs---significance
-failed attempt by 1,500 Cuban exiles organized/ financed by US.
-CIA topple revolutionary regime-
When was the Berlin Wall built?
Why was the Berlin Wall built?
reduce flow of refugees considerably.
Cuban Missile Crisis
-US was concerned with "missile gap" w/ Soviets.
-threatened to cut off outside access to West Berlin,but US/GB/France refused to give territory.
-constructed Berlin Wall.
Engel vs. Vitale---which amendment?
Engel vs. Vitale---what was the point of the case?
-NY established practice reciting non denominational prayer in class every morning.
-found to violate 1st Amendment on establishment of religion.
Flexible Response---what are some events/accomplishments of the program?
-defense strategy implemented to address JFK's skepticism of Ik's policy-Massive Retaliation.
-mutual deterrence/gave US capability to respond to aggression across the spectrum of warfare.
Gideon vs. Wainwright---which amendment?
Gideon vs. Wainwright---what was the point of the case?
-Clarence Gideon arrested for breaking/ entering poolroom.
-no money to hire an attorney/ requested council appoint him.
-judge tried talking him out of represent himself.
-supreme court ruled unanimously in his favor, jury acquitted him when he got a new trial/ new lawyer.
-JFK went to Dallas to address the Dem Party.
-riding in a motorcade,was shot 3 shots were heard.
-W/o Zapruder film/we probably accept that Oswald did it by himself.
Mapp vs. Ohio---which amendment?
Mapp vs. Ohio---what was the point of the case?
-A tip said a suspect in a bombing case was hiding at her house/ police could not search her home.
-7 policeman broke into her house w/ a warrant.
-took warrant/ police tackled her.
-searched her house/found the suspect, illegal betting slips/ pornographic material.
-bombing suspect cleared of charge, but Mapp was arrested.
-later tried/sentenced 1-7 years, but appealed/never went to jail.
-In 1961 Alan Shepard became the 1st American in space.
-In 1961, JFK set the goal to "land a man on the moon and return him safely to earth" before the end of decade.
-John Glenn became 1st American to orbit earth, he did it 3 times aboard "Friendship 7."
1st stage of the US space program.
New Frontier---what are some events/accomplishments/problems faced by this program?
3 main points:
-wanted to bring about a more sophisticated sense of economics.
-He stressed an emphasis on social welfare programs.
-wanted to increase Cold War policies/the space program.
-helped housing, poverty, civil rights, and minimum wage.
-created to provide teachers and technicians to undeveloped nations in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
Robert Kennedy---Attorney General
-JFK's younger brother.
-big role in civil rights.
-persuaded the judge to release MLK on bail.
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of 1963
-JFK requested talks begin to Moscow.
-10 days the Soviets/GB/US reached an agreement to prohibit nuclear testing in the atmosphere.
Why England Slept
-book JFK wrote.
-written as part of his senior thesis at Harvard.
Profiles in Courage
-book JFK wrote.
-won the Pulitzer prize for literature.