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Terms in this set (75)
an opening in the earth's surface through which molten rock, gases, and rock fragments are forced out
Italian peninsula was centrally located; accessible to
bodies of water
Alps: northern Italy isolates from rest of Europe
Apennine Mountains (central Italy)
Rome - location
on the Tiber River in modern day Italy
wheat, beans, cabbage, lettuce, fruits, grapes
served at mealtimes
used on cuts/wounds
valued trade commodity
settled on the Etrurian plain;
NW of Tiber River
land called: Tuscany
a common farmer, trader, or craft worker in ancient Rome
a member of the noble families who controlled all power in the early years of the Roman Republic
a form of government in which citizens elect representatives to speak or act for them
a person who is elected by citizens to speak or act for them
the lawmaking body and most powerful branch of government in ancient Rome's republic
an elected leader of ancient Rome who represented the interests of the plebeians
one of two elected officials of the Roman Republic who commanded the army and was a supreme judge
Founding of Rome
cluster of mud huts
seven hills above Tiber River
Branches of Rome's Republic
oldest and most powerful
controlled by patricians
controlled the money
commanders and judges
served one year term
elected by Citizen Assembly
one consul MUST be a plebeian
revolts force Rome to offer
a ruler who has absolute power
a Roman athlete, usually a slave, criminal, or prisoner of war, who was forced to fight for the entertainment of the public
give grain to poor
lead troops against Roman enemies
goal: become the supreme ruler of Rome
Caesar made many changes in Roman life
gives land to soldiers
gives grain to the poor
increased the number of people in the Senate
grants Roman citizenship to non-Romans
new, more accurate calendar
army units posted throughout empire
not Roman citizens; paid to serve
retirement: Roman citizenship and land
Romans first to use them widely
can carry great weight
keystone, locks stones in place
replaces columns; allows open interiors
mixture of lime, volcanic ash, sand, small stones, and water
underwater formula LOST
European languages: based on Latin
In geographic terms, Italy is a ____________________.
Rome got its name when ____________________ named it after himself.
The Roman government had a system of ____________________ to keep one part of government from becoming too strong.
Checks and Balances
The center of life in ancient Rome was the ____________________.
The Romans elected two consuls each year to keep any one consul from becoming too ____________________.
Julius Caesar seized power from the ____________________ and became dictator of the Roman Republic.
A Roman-controlled region that lay outside of the city was called a ____________________.
The period of great peace in the Roman Empire is referred to as the ____________________.
____________________ was the official language of the Roman Empire.
As a general, Julius Caesar conquered most of ____________________.
Christianity is a religion based on the teachings of ____________________.
Christians were forced to meet in secret because of the ban on ____________________ in the 200s and 300s.
____________________ are people who die for their religious beliefs.
The society that developed in the eastern Roman Empire after Justinian is today called ____________________.
As the Huns moved into Europe, they forced the ____________________ into Roman territory.
Romans established a republic in which people ____________________ leaders to govern.
Early in its history, Rome was ruled by ____________________.
The ____________________ were wealthy citizens and nobles.
Everything we know about Jesus is contained in the ____________________, the holy book of Christians.
Jesus was killed by ____________________, a type of execution in which a person was nailed to a cross.
According to legend, ____________________ were twin brothers founded the city of Rome.
Romulus and Remus
____________________ was a Carthaginian general who led an attack on Rome in the second Punic War.
Rome's first emperor was ____________________.
Rome's greatest general who became dictator for life was ____________________.
Which branch of Roman government passed laws? How was the power of this branch checked? (SA6)
The assembly passed the laws. The senate advised the assembly about the laws which was one checks and balance. Also, the elected officials could veto the laws this was another form of checks and balance.
What was the main reason that the Romans wished to build good roads? (1MC)
The main reason that the Romans wished to build good roads was so soldiers could travel more quickly.
What is the purpose of the system of checks and balances with the government in Ancient Rome? (27mc)
The purpose of the system of checks and balances with the government in Ancient Rome was to limit the power of each branch of government.
Rome was built along what? (mc32)
Rome was built along the banks of the Tiber River.
Cultural diffusion was apparent in the Romans' religion. How did expansion of the Roman republic influence its religion?
The Romans worshipped hundreds of gods and many were adapted from the Greeks or Etruscans, and other from Latin traditions.
Which of the following was considered the main role of Roman women ?
The main role of a Roman woman was to bear and raise children, and to teach her children Roman traditions. Men passed laws and managed businesses.
What does the United States government share in common with the ancient government of the Roman republic?
The Roman republic and the U.S. government are both examples of governments with separation of powers.
Which of the following was an improvement in bridge design pioneered by Roman engineers?
Roman engineers designed rounded, semi-circular arches (columns) for bridge supports from concrete, which allowed longer spans. The arch of the columns was typical of Roman architecture.
What about a tribune's role in government made him a particularly powerful official?
Tribunes could veto any law or action by a magistrate. This gave tribunes great power over any other parts of the government.
What was the top officials of the Roman Republic called and what was their main job?
The Top officials were called Consuls and their main job was to lead the Roman army.
The father of the family, who had complete control over his wife, children, son's wives, and slaves was called what ?
In the Roman family, the paterfamilias had power over his wife, children, son's wives, and slaves.
Why did government officials often check their decisions with religious experts ?
They believed, like the Greeks, that keeping the Roman gods happy would make their own lives easier. Therefore, government officials often contacted the priests to see if their decisions would make the gods happy.
What kinds of jobs did poor Romans hold?
Many poor Romans farmed land they rented from the wealthy Romans, others worked in construction, docks, taverns, stores, or restaurants.
Name 3 geographical advantages Romans benefited from being on the Italian Peninsula.
The Peninsula was easy to travel across, major rivers made boat travel possible, and the plains had excellent soil for farming.
aristocrats,wealthy land owner
They make up the aristocracy
Partisans are the wealthy landowners
-Dominated in office
middle or lower class- small farmers merchants craftspeople
literally means "rule by the people."
a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state.
a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
There was 300 and each served for life- advise/pass
was built of concrete (an ancient roman invention)
-was a Roman theater
-also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre
instead of building new roads,modern engineers simply covered the ancient roads with a coat of asphalt ,
As cities grew, the ancient romans needed more fresh water. They were able to bring water from natural springs using a syphon pump. Where these structues had to cross valleys, some were built above ground, and on arches.
- had to be positioned at a relatively constant gradient for dozens of miles
Growing inequality and Unrest in Rome
- Patricians (aristocracy) gains more power: Begins to drive small farmers into poverty. Buy out small small farmers: creating a large class of "have-nots."
2)Out of politics patricians controlled most of the senate.
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