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Apush Unit Two Chapter 7
Terms in this set (58)
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
In the 1660's England restricted the colonies; They couldn't trade with other countries. The colonies were only allowed to trade with England.
British right to nullify any legislation passed by the colonial system if it went against Mercantalism
British colonial policy during the reigns of George I and George II. Relaxed supervision of internal colonial affairs by royal bureacrats contributed significantly to the rise of American self government
Patriot leader and president of the Second Continental Congress; first person to sign the Declaration of Independence.
payments of money to a person to enlist in the armed services
Became prime minister of Britain in 1763 he persuaded the Parliament to pass a law allowing smugglers to be sent to vice-admiralty courts which were run by British officers and had no jury. He did this to end smuggling.
(1764) British deeply in debt partly to French & Indian War. English Parliament placed a tariff on sugar, coffee, wines, and molasses. colonists avoided the tax by smuggling and by bribing tax collectors.
(1765) Required colonies to provide food and quarters for British troops. Many colonists saw it as an encroachment on their rights.
1765; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
British courts originally established to try cases involving smuggling or violations of the Navigation Acts which the British government sometimes used to try American criminals in the colonies. Trials in Admiralty Courts were heard by judges without a jury.
British governmental theory that Parliament spoke for all British subjects, including Americans, even if they did not vote for its members. "No taxation without representation"
Stamp Act Congress
A meeting of delegations from many of the colonies, the congress was formed to protest the newly passed Stamp Act It adopted a declaration of rights as well as sent letters of complaints to the king and parliament, and it showed signs of colonial unity and organized resistance.
Agreements not to import goods from Great Britain. They were designed to put pressure on the British economy and force the repeal of unpopular parliamentary acts.
Word that refers to the clothing the colonists made for themselves as opposed to buying it from the British - a way of showing their patriotism
Sons of Liberty
A radical political organization formed after the passage of the Stamp Act to protest various British acts; organization used both peaceful and violent means of protest. Supported move for American independence
(1766) Stated that the British Parliament had the same power to tax in the colonies as it did in Great Britain. Parliament emphasized its authority to make binding laws on the American colonies.
Passed by Parliament in 1767, placed taxes on imported materials such as glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea. Led to outrage and tons of people boycotted British goods.
A tax levied on goods or services rather than on persons or organizations
In 1770, British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists who were teasing and taunting them. Five colonists were killed. The first bloodshed of the Amercan Revolution; depicted as a brutal slaughter in colonial newspapers
1796; Federalist; notable events include XYZ affair, the passing of the Alien and Sedition Acts, and his appointment of John Marshall (Federalist) as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and numerous federalist. 2nd president
English monarch at the time of the revolution. He was the main opposition for the colonies due to his stubborn attitude and unwillingness to hear out colonial requests/grievances.
British Prime Minister during revolution. He had passed the Coercive Acts and supported the king greatly to the extent that Britain was ruled only by the king.
American Revolutionary leader and patriot; an organizer of the Boston Tea Party and signer of the Declaration of Independence (1722-1803)
Committees of Correspondence
Committees of Correspondence, organized by patriot leader Samuel Adams, was a system of communication between patriot leaders in New England and throughout the colonies. They provided the organization necessary to unite the colonies in opposition to Parliament. The committees sent delegates to the First Continental Congress.
British East India Company
A joint stock company that controlled most of India during the period of imperialism. This company controlled the political, social, and economic life in India for more than 200 years.
Boston Tea Party
Demonstration (1773) by citizens of Boston who (disguised as Indians) raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor
Boston Port Act
This was one of the Coercive Acts, which shut down Boston Harbor until Boston repaid the East India Company for the lost tea.
Massachusetts Government Act
Act which reduced the power of the Massachusetts legislature while increasing the power of the royal governor
Quartering Act of 1774
Law enacted by Parliament; required colonist to house and supply British troops.
Extended boundaries of Quebec and granted equal rights to Catholics and recognized legality Catholic Church in the territory; colonists feared this meant that a pope would soon oversee the colonies.
First Continental Congress
Convention of delegates from 12 of 13 colonies
Declaration of Rights
A formal declaration enumerating the rights of a citizen
Military organization formed by Benjamin Franklin.
Tar and Feathers
covering tax collectors with tar and feathers
Members of the Massachusetts Colony Militia who could quickly be ready to fight the British
Lexington and Concord
1775: British Commander Thomas Gage sent 700 british troops to seize minutemen's arm in Concord. Battle between British and Minutemen broke out.
A german solider who faught for the british in the revolutionary war
A person who supported the British cause in the American Revolution; a loyalist
1st President of the United States; commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution (1732-1799)
American intellectual, inventor, and politician He helped to negotiate French support for the American Revolution.
Marquis de Layfayette
French nobleman and soldier who spent the winter at Valley Forge; trusted aide to Washington
of or relating to or concerning the American colonies during and immediately after the Revolutionary War
Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778, a 4th of troops died here from disease and malnutriton, Steuben comes and trains troops
Baron von Steuben
Prussian aristocrat and military leader.
The american army in the revolutionary war
Why does the author say that the American Revolution began when the first settlers stepped ashore?
The factor of living in American changed the perception of all who lived in it. Everything was different from the old british world.
Explain the economic theory of mercantilism and the role of colonies.
How did Parliament enact the theory of mercantilism into policy?
The theory of mercantilism stated that a country's power was based on wealth. They used navigation, molasses, and sugar acts to make sure that the trade between New England and Britain was carried out by british ships and british crews.
In what way did the mercantilist theory benefit the colonies?
What economic factors were involved in leading colonists to be displeased with the British government?
Mercantilism heavily favored the British government and not the colonies.One benefit to the colonies was secure trade. The Sugar Act, Stamp Act and Townshend Duties placed unfair taxes on the colonies by the Britain to pay for war time debts.
Why were the colonists so upset over relatively mild taxes and policies?
It was more than relatively mild taxes. There were taxes, that had to be paid in British coin, they had no voice, and all trading went through london.
In what ways did colonists resist the Stamp Act?
by sending 27 delegates from 9 colonies to New York City for a meeting. The group drew up a petition and sent it to England, where it was ignored. The colonies began boycotting British goods, which was not ignored. The group, calling themselves Sons of Liberty, and wore homespun clothing rather than British wool. They also tarred and feathered tax collectors.
How did the Townshend Acts lead to more difficulties?
he Townshend Acts, passed by Parliament in 1767, led to renewed protests in the American colonies. Among other things they placed duties on glass, lead. paint, paper and tea that were imported into the colonies. A customs agency was set up in Boston to collect them. The colonists felt that the Townshend Acts were taxes in disguise and stopped buying British goods. In 1770 Parliament withdrew the Townshend Acts except the one on tea. A protest against the tax on tea led to the Boston Massacre on March 5, 1770. This led to further friction between the American colonists and Great Britain which led to the American Revolution. I hope that this has been a help to you.
How did the Committees of Correspondence work?
The Committees of Correspondence were formed throughout the colonies as a means of coordinating action against Great Britain. Many were formed by the legislatures of the respective colonies, others by extra-governmental associations such as the Sons of Liberty in the various colonies. In any case, the members of these organizations represented the leading men of each colony. It took some time, and finally an act as dramatic as the Boston Port Bill, to coordinate the colonies in action against Great Britain.
What was the cause of the Boston Tea Party, and what was its significance?
Rising taxes, especially on tea. It kick started the early workings of the american revolution
What was so intolerable about the Coercive (Intolerable) acts?
The Intolerable Acts or the Coercive Acts are names used to describe a series of laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 relating to Britain's colonies in North America. The acts triggered outrage and resistance in the Thirteen Colonies that later became the United States, and were important developments in the growth of the American Revolution.
What was the goal of the First Continental Congress?
To discuss the problems of the colonies
What were the American strengths and weaknesses at the outset of the war?
1. small amount of volunteers(soldiers)
2. few were trained
3. shortages in supplies(clothes, food, weapons, etc.)
1. Patriotism and good will( the idea of freedom in their hearts-determination, Pro Slavery)
2. Inspirational leaders who were confident, and encouraging.
3. Military support from France, Spain etc.
4. Supplies from the local populace.
5. Experienced General(George Washington)
What role did African Americans play in the Revolution?
Some enslaved African-Americans fought so they would have a better chance of freedom
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